Permanent Mission of Estonia in Geneva :: Kõned ja artiklid http://genf.vm.ee/est est http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss WiseCMS 2.0 hille.lepp@vm.ee hille.lepp@vm.ee Eesti sõnavõtt põgenike globaalse kompakti esimesel temaatilisel sessioonil http://genf.vm.ee/est/esileht/koned_ja_artiklid/aid-1738 <p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; line-height: 115%;"><a name="top"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style="mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;"><font face="Times New Roman"><font size="3">Global Compact on Refugees, 1</font><sup><font size="2">st</font></sup><font size="3"> thematic session</font></font></span></b></a></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"></font><p align="center" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: center; line-height: 115%;"><span style="mso-bookmark: top;"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style="mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;"><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"><br></font></span></b></span></p><p align="center" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: center; line-height: 115%;"><span style="mso-bookmark: top;"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style="mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;"><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"><br></font></span></b></span></p><p align="center" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: center; line-height: 115%;"><span style="mso-bookmark: top;"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style="mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;"><font face="Times New Roman" size="3">Remarks by ESTONIA</font></span></b></span></p><p align="center" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: center; line-height: 115%;"><span style="mso-bookmark: top;"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style="mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;"><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"><br></font></span></b></span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"></font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; line-height: 115%;"><span style="mso-bookmark: top;"><span lang="EN-GB" style="mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;"><font face="Times New Roman" size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"></font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; line-height: 115%;"><span style="mso-bookmark: top;"><span lang="EN-GB" style="mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;"><font face="Times New Roman"><font size="3">Genf, 10 j</font><font size="3">uuli 2017</font></font></span></span></p><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; line-height: 115%;"><span style="mso-bookmark: top;"><span lang="EN-GB" style="mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;"><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"><br></font></span></span></p><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; line-height: 115%;"><span style="mso-bookmark: top;"><span lang="EN-GB" style="mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;"><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"><br></font></span></span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"></font><p align="right" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: right; line-height: 115%;"><span style="mso-bookmark: top;"><span lang="EN-GB" style="mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;"><font size="3"><font face="Times New Roman">&nbsp;<i style="mso-bidi-font-style: normal;">Check against delivery</i></font></font></span></span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"></font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 115%;"><span style="mso-bookmark: top;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 115%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>Thank you, Mr. Co-Chair,</span></span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"></font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 115%;"><span style="mso-bookmark: top;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 115%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>Estonia aligns itself with the statement to be delivered by the European Union.</span></span><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 115%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'> </span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"></font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 115%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 115%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>Allow me to thank UNHCR for thorough and timely background documentation and all panelists for their insightful remarks. </span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"></font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 115%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 115%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>Estonia stands firmly behind the New York Declaration and the adopted Comprehensive Refugee Response Framework. Both documents need to translate into action, now. In this regard, we thank the UNHCR for its leadership and we extend our appreciation to the nine official roll-out countries that are already implementing the CRRF. </span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"></font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 115%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 115%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>On burden- and responsibility sharing arrangements, Estonia lives up to its commitments and has been contributing to international relief efforts since 1998 through humanitarian and development aid instruments. We tripled our contributions between 2011 and 2015 in response to the global needs. The Syrian situation response and Afghanistan are among the priority areas of the Estonian development aid and relief actions. In 2016, Estonia started resettlement activities and participates in intra-European solidarity and responsibility sharing efforts. </span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"></font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 115%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 115%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>This said, Estonia fully recognises the need for further global burden and responsibility sharing. We believe that the key elements of successful burden sharing are partnerships at all levels, innovative funding, early and timely disbursement of all humanitarian pledges, better cooperation between humanitarian and development actors, inclusion of refugees to development planning and financing, experience sharing and capacity building, political will and leadership, complementarity with other global initiatives such as the 2030 Agenda, and abidance with international law, including the 1951 Refugee Convention and Human Rights Law. <span style="mso-spacerun: yes;">&nbsp;</span></span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"></font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 115%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 115%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>Allow me to underline two elements of the European burden sharing efforts that the European Union already mentioned earlier in its statement. One is the Common European Asylum System reform that Estonia as the current Presidency of the Council of the European Union is committed to bring forward, sparing no effort. Second is a new approach to forced displacement that the EU adopted a year ago. This approach is development-oriented and aims at moving from aid-dependence to self-reliance. UNHCR has positively acknowledged that the new EU approach to forced displacement is well in line with the CRRF, supporting its roll-out and such initiatives are examples of current good practices. </span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"></font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 115%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 115%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>Concerning the core gaps and lessons learnt, I wish to make 3 points. </span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"></font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 115%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 115%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>Firstly, the CRRF as well as the Global Compact on Refugees is a Global Public Good, and responsibility and burden must be shared. The burden sharing must not remain a responsibility of only governments, but include all key stakeholders on the local, national, regional and international level: a comprehensive response can only be achieved by including all relevant actors. A good example of regional cooperation regarding the CRRF was the recent IGAD Summit, which resulted in the Nairobi Declaration. The IGAD Summit was also a good practice showcasing political will and leadership in the area. </span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"></font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 115%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 115%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>Secondly, there is a need to assure coherence between the global compact on refugees and the one on migrants, although these are well two distinct processes. </span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"></font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 115%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 115%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>Thirdly, although UNHCR is working with IDPs in certain contexts, especially in situations of mixed flows of displacement, the IDPs are not covered by the two compacts. Therefore, we believe that the international community has to find ways to tackle the wider approach to IDP situations in the coming years as the protection needs, effects and impact of displacement, are similar regardless whether the displacement is cross-border or internal. </span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"></font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 115%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 115%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>&nbsp;</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"></font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 115%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 115%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>Thank you!</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"></font><font face="Times New Roman" size="3">&nbsp;</font> Mon, 10 Jul 2017 14:35:18 GMT http://genf.vm.ee/est/esileht/koned_ja_artiklid/aid-1738 Eesti sõnavõtt Maailma Terviseorganisatsiooni foorumil alkoholi, uimastite ja sõltuvustlike käitumiste teemadel http://genf.vm.ee/est/esileht/koned_ja_artiklid/aid-1735 <font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 105%;"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 105%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>WHO Forum on alcohol, drugs and addictive behaviours</span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p align="center" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; text-align: center; line-height: 105%;"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 105%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'><br></span></b></p><p align="center" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; text-align: center; line-height: 105%;"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 105%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>ESTONIAN statement</span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; line-height: 105%;"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 105%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>Genf, 28 juuni 2017</span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; line-height: 105%;"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 105%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>&nbsp;</span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 105%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 105%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>First of all, we would like to thank the WHO for convening this forum, the participants for bringing it to life, and state that Estonia is taking careful note of everything that is being said during these 3 days.</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 105%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 105%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>Tackling alcohol related harm is a matter Estonia takes very seriously, and we would therefore like to take a few minutes to share some of the actions we are taking and seek to take with our partners to reduce the burden of alcohol on our health, social system, workforce and economy. </span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 105%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 105%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>Since 2009, awareness campaigns have been carried out in Estonia every single year, the excise rates have risen yearly since 2012 and we have launched a special programme to improve the quality and accessibility of treatment and counselling, as well as initiated rehabilitation projects for drunk-drivers. Right now, Estonia is in the process of revamping its regulations on alcohol marketing, implementing the elements of Loi Evin, whilst also limiting the display of alcohol in shops. It is through steady efforts like these that we have managed to reduce our alcohol intake from 11.8 litres of pure alcohol per person to 9.9 in two years’ time. The road ahead of us remains long, but we are fortunate enough to be accompanied and guided by our civil society organizations and by our friends and partners internationally</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 105%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 105%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>During our struggle to tackle alcohol related harm, we have experienced how closely we are connected in today’s open, borderless world. Though we celebrate open borders, we also recognize that they can make it difficult for a country to tackle alcohol-related harm. A country’s efforts to raise the prices of alcoholic beverages by taxation may be diluted by cross-border shopping, whilst attempts to curb young people’s exposure to marketing are watered down by cross-border and internet marketing. </span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 105%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 105%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>It is because of this that during our upcoming Presidency of the Council of the European Union we will focus on having a discussion on cross-border aspects of alcohol policy. In addition to health, we would also like to invite sectors such as agriculture, culture and finances&nbsp;to the discussion, as they all have a significant impact on the consumption of alcohol, and can therefore play an important role in reducing the related harm.</span><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 105%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: ET;'> </span><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 105%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>In seeking to reach a common understanding among EU member states, we do not anticipate an immediate breakthrough, yet we believe that the burden of alcohol abuse calls for more action, not for one, but for all countries together. </span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 105%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 105%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>Thank you!</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify;"><span style='font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt;'>&nbsp;</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font> Wed, 28 Jun 2017 13:36:18 GMT http://genf.vm.ee/est/esileht/koned_ja_artiklid/aid-1735 Eesti sõnavõtt desarmeerimise konverentsi mitteametlikul kohtumisel liikmesuse laiendamise teemal http://genf.vm.ee/est/esileht/koned_ja_artiklid/aid-1732 <font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 6pt 0cm;"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 115%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt;'>Conference on Disarmament informal meeting on Expansion of the Membership</span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 6pt 0cm;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 115%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt;'>&nbsp;</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 6pt 0cm;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 115%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt;'>Genf, 13 juuni 2017</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 6pt 0cm 10pt;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 115%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt;'>&nbsp;</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 6pt 0cm 10pt;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 115%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt;'>Mr. President,</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 6pt 0cm 10pt; text-align: justify;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 115%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt;'>First, let me congratulate Slovakia on the assumption of the CD Presidency and thank you for your initiative to organise the informal discussions to consider the issue of the expansion of the CD membership.</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 6pt 0cm 10pt; text-align: justify;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 115%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt;'>While we fully align with the statements by the EU and the Informal Group of Observer States (IGOS), Estonia would like to highlight a few important points. </span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 6pt 0cm 10pt; text-align: justify;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 115%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-fareast-language: ET;'>Efforts to break the deadlock in CD will continue to require sustained political will and creative thinking from all CD members. In this respect, we believe that CD would benefit from transparency and inclusiveness.</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 6pt 0cm 10pt; text-align: justify;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 115%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-fareast-language: ET;'>The Conference on Disarmament (CD) has the crucial role to negotiate multilateral disarmament treaties according to its mandate. We believe that such negotiations, and discussions on matters of global importance, such as disarmament, must be addressed in universally representative bodies, and should include all sovereign states, who wish to be part of it.</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 6pt 0cm 10pt; text-align: justify;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 115%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-fareast-language: ET;'>Thus, we underline the importance of continuing consultations on the expansion of CD membership and strongly support the appointment of a special coordinator in this respect.</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 6pt 0cm 10pt; text-align: justify;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 115%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-fareast-language: ET;'>Thank you, Mr President.</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font> Tue, 13 Jun 2017 13:10:15 GMT http://genf.vm.ee/est/esileht/koned_ja_artiklid/aid-1732 Eesti sõnavõtt ÜRO Pagulaste Ülemvoliniku Ameti alalise komisjoni 69. sessioonil rahvusvahelise kaitse teemal http://genf.vm.ee/est/esileht/koned_ja_artiklid/aid-1722 <font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%; -ms-text-justify: inter-ideograph;"><b><span lang="EN-GB" style='color: black; line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>The UNHCR Standing Committee 69<sup>th</sup> Session </span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%; -ms-text-justify: inter-ideograph;"><b><span lang="EN-GB" style='color: black; line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>&nbsp;</span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p align="center" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: center; line-height: 150%;"><b><span lang="EN-GB" style='color: black; line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>Remarks by </span></b><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>Estonia</span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%; -ms-text-justify: inter-ideograph;"><b><span lang="EN-GB" style='color: black; line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>&nbsp;</span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%; -ms-text-justify: inter-ideograph;"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>Agenda item 2: “International Protection”</span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p align="right" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: right; line-height: 150%;"><i style="mso-bidi-font-style: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>Check against delivery</span></i></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%; -ms-text-justify: inter-ideograph;"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>&nbsp;</span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%; -ms-text-justify: inter-ideograph;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>Geneva, 28<sup>th</sup> June 2017</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%; -ms-text-justify: inter-ideograph;"><i style="mso-bidi-font-style: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>&nbsp;</span></i></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 10pt; line-height: 150%; mso-margin-top-alt: auto; mso-margin-bottom-alt: auto;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB; mso-fareast-language: ET;'>Ms. Chairperson, <br> </span><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'><br> Estonia aligns itself with the statement delivered by the European Union. </span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 10pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%; -ms-text-justify: inter-ideograph; mso-margin-top-alt: auto; mso-margin-bottom-alt: auto;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>Allow me to thank the UNHCR for the presentations and the thorough and rich background documentation for this session. We appreciate that besides underlining the numerous serious challenges, the documentation also highlights solutions.</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 10pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%; -ms-text-justify: inter-ideograph;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB; mso-fareast-language: ET;'>Estonia remains deeply concerned about the growing trend of forced displacement and especially about conflict-induced displacement leading to ever-increasing humanitarian and protection challenges<i style="mso-bidi-font-style: normal;">.</i> T</span><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>he global community has to step up to tackle the root causes of instability and underlying drivers of conflict. </span><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB; mso-fareast-language: ET;'>In this context, the need for respect for international norms, provision of protection and finding political solutions cannot be over-emphasised. </span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 10pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%; -ms-text-justify: inter-ideograph;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>The New York Declaration and the adoption of the Comprehensive Refugee Response Framework was an important milestone in 2016. As the Assistant High Commissioner on protection Mr. Volker Türk emphasised, the </span><span lang="ET" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt;'>New York Declaration</span><span lang="ET" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'> </span><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>lays the ground for positive change to the current deteriorating protection trends. We fully agree with the note on international protection in that the commitments of the New York Declaration need to translate to action, now. In this regard, Estonia lives up to its commitments and is committed to supporting communities and countries receiving large numbers of forcibly displaced persons and contributing to increasing the international cooperation including through more equitable responsibility sharing. Estonia is one of the States that started resettlement activities in 2016 and in this regard, we thank the UNHCR for its advice and support in developing effective national procedures and reception capacity. </span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 10pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%; -ms-text-justify: inter-ideograph;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>Finally, Estonia shares the views voiced by Denmark and others that the wider approach to IDP situations is not covered by the two global compacts that the international community is currently developing. Therefore, in the coming years, there is need to find ways to tackle this gap.</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 10pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%; -ms-text-justify: inter-ideograph;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>Thank you!</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font> Wed, 28 Jun 2017 13:53:12 GMT http://genf.vm.ee/est/esileht/koned_ja_artiklid/aid-1722 Eesti sõnavõtt ECOSOC Humanitaar segmendil http://genf.vm.ee/est/esileht/koned_ja_artiklid/aid-1720 <p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; line-height: 150%;"><b><span lang="EN-GB" style='color: black; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-themecolor: text1; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'><font size="3">ECOSOC Humanitaar Segment</font></span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"></font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='color: black; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-themecolor: text1; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB; mso-bidi-font-weight: bold;'><font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"></font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; line-height: 150%;"><font size="3"><b><span lang="EN-GB" style='color: black; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-themecolor: text1; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>Remarks by H.E. Mr. Andre Pung, Ambassador, Permanent Representative </span></b><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>of the Republic of Estonia<span style="color: black; mso-themecolor: text1; mso-bidi-font-weight: bold;"> to the United Nations in Geneva</span></span></b></font></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"></font><p align="center" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: center; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='color: black; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-themecolor: text1; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB; mso-bidi-font-weight: bold;'><font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"></font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='color: black; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-themecolor: text1; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB; mso-bidi-font-weight: bold;'><font size="3">Genf, 21 j</font><font size="3">uuni 2017</font></span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"></font><p align="right" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: right; line-height: 150%;"><i style="mso-bidi-font-style: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='color: black; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-themecolor: text1; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'><font size="3">Check against delivery</font></span></i></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"></font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%; -ms-text-justify: inter-ideograph;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='color: black; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-themecolor: text1; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'><font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"></font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%; -ms-text-justify: inter-ideograph;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='color: black; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-themecolor: text1; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'><font size="3">Thank you Mr. Chair, </font></span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"></font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%; -ms-text-justify: inter-ideograph;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='color: black; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-themecolor: text1; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'><font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"></font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%; -ms-text-justify: inter-ideograph;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='color: black; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; mso-themecolor: text1; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'><font size="3">Estonia aligns itself with the statement delivered by Malta on behalf of the European Union and we would like to make some additional remarks in our national capacity.</font></span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"></font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%; -ms-text-justify: inter-ideograph;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='color: black; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; mso-themecolor: text1; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'><font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"></font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%; -ms-text-justify: inter-ideograph;"><font size="3"><span lang="EN-GB" style='color: black; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-themecolor: text1; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>We welcome ECOSOC Humanitarian Affairs Segment as a global platform enabling discussion on innovative and forward-looking humanitarian action. Estonia appreciates the Secretary-General’s report on “Strengthening of the Coordination of Emergency Humanitarian Assistance of the United Nations.”&nbsp;</span><span lang="EN-GB" style='color: black; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; mso-themecolor: text1; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB; mso-bidi-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-bidi-theme-font: minor-bidi;'>Yet, it is with great concern that we echo the words of the Secretary-General that due to the unprecedented needs, “<u>the importance of effective and principled humanitarian action is greater than ever</u>.” </span></font></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"></font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%; -ms-text-justify: inter-ideograph;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='color: black; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; mso-themecolor: text1; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB; mso-bidi-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-bidi-theme-font: minor-bidi;'><font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"></font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%; -ms-text-justify: inter-ideograph;"><font size="3"><span lang="EN-GB" style='color: black; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-themecolor: text1; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>Please allow me to start by stressing that </span><span lang="EN-GB" style='color: black; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; mso-themecolor: text1; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB; mso-bidi-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-bidi-theme-font: minor-bidi;'>the number <u>of protracted crises, the extent of forced displacement, and the widespread global food insecurity, including countries facing famine or the risk thereof,</u> have reached unprecedented and very worrying levels. </span><span lang="EN-GB" style='color: black; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; mso-themecolor: text1; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>We remain deeply concerned about the growing trend of conflict-induced displacement leading to ever increasing humanitarian challenges, such as in Nigeria, South Sudan, Syria, Iraq and Yemen. Geographically even closer, still looms the conflict-driven humanitarian crisis in Ukraine, where millions remain affected and in need. </span></font></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"></font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%; -ms-text-justify: inter-ideograph;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='color: black; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; mso-themecolor: text1; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'><font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"></font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%; -ms-text-justify: inter-ideograph;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='color: black; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; mso-themecolor: text1; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'><font size="3">A large proportion of those in need of protection are children, who make up approximately half the total of the world’s 65.6 million forcibly displaced people. Children are particularly vulnerable in emergencies and face increased risks of violence, exploitation and abuse. Children’s unique protection needs must be addressed and there is an urgent need to ensure that the world’s 3.7 million refugee children and one fourth of the 109.2 million school-age children in conflict-affected countries who are not attending school gain access to quality education.</font></span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"></font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%; -ms-text-justify: inter-ideograph;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='color: black; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; mso-themecolor: text1; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'><font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"></font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%; -ms-text-justify: inter-ideograph;"><font size="3"><span lang="EN-GB" style='color: black; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; mso-themecolor: text1; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB; mso-bidi-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-bidi-theme-font: minor-bidi;'>Moreover, </span><span lang="EN-GB" style='color: black; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-themecolor: text1; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>Estonia shares the grave concern about the ongoing violations of <u>International Humanitarian Law</u>, impunity, diminishing humanitarian space and lack of humanitarian access. <span style="background: white;">We emphasise the need </span></span><span lang="EN-GB" style='color: black; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; mso-themecolor: text1; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>for Member States, the United Nations and humanitarian organisations to condemn instances of such violations strongly, consistently and systematically. </span></font></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"></font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%; -ms-text-justify: inter-ideograph;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='color: black; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; mso-themecolor: text1; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'><font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"></font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%; -ms-text-justify: inter-ideograph;"><font size="3"><span lang="EN-GB" style='color: black; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; mso-themecolor: text1; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>In this context, </span><span lang="EN-GB" style='color: black; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-themecolor: text1; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>Estonia remains committed to adapting and responding to the ever-growing humanitarian needs in complex emergencies and natural disasters. Since </span><span lang="EN-GB" style='color: black; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; mso-themecolor: text1; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>the World Humanitarian Summit, Estonia has been stepping up our efforts in the areas of speaking out on violations, reducing and addressing displacement, transcending humanitarian-development divides, protecting vulnerable groups including children, providing access to education, and empowering and protecting women and girls. Under Grand Bargain commitments, Estonia reported considerable progress on increased non-earmarked and softly earmarked funding. We also look with particular attention into stepping up multi-year funding and increasing support for local responders. We remain committed to achieving more around those commitments in the years to come.</span></font></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"></font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%; -ms-text-justify: inter-ideograph;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='color: black; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-themecolor: text1; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'><font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"></font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%; -ms-text-justify: inter-ideograph;"><font size="3"><span lang="EN-GB" style='color: black; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-themecolor: text1; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>But the new challenges call for <u>new approaches and innovative solutions, </u></span><span lang="EN-GB" style='color: black; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; mso-themecolor: text1; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>including working with partners outside the humanitarian sector</span><span lang="EN-GB" style='color: black; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-themecolor: text1; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>. Yet at the same time, we must stay focused and committed to the core <u>humanitarian values</u>. Humanitarian activities should remain </span><span lang="EN-GB" style='color: black; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; mso-themecolor: text1; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>exclusively humanitarian in nature and comply with the principles of humanity, neutrality, impartiality and independence.</span></font></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"></font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%; -ms-text-justify: inter-ideograph;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='color: black; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-themecolor: text1; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'><font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"></font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%; -ms-text-justify: inter-ideograph;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='color: black; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-themecolor: text1; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'><font size="3">Humanitarian action can only be strengthened when working together. Working <u>better</u> together. Indeed, a lot has also been done. Nonetheless, a lot remains to be done. It is thereby crucial to draw on the new opportunities presented by recent global agreements, frameworks and initiatives such as the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, the World Humanitarian Summit, including the Grand Bargain, the Paris Agreement on Climate Change, the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction, and the New York Declaration for Refugees and Migrants including the adopted Comprehensive Refugee Response Framework and commitments to develop two distinct compacts to globally better respond to large movements of refugees and migrants.</font></span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"></font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%; -ms-text-justify: inter-ideograph;"><font face="Cambria" size="3">&nbsp;</font></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"></font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%; -ms-text-justify: inter-ideograph;"><font size="3"><span lang="EN-GB" style='color: black; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-themecolor: text1; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>We are all part of the humanitarian ecosystem where the reality of emergencies and crises are stretching the capacity of this system. In this context, the need for respect for international norms, for new and innovative approaches to humanitarian affairs, and for political solutions cannot be over-emphasised. Prevention, preparedness and context-based approaches are crucial prerequisites for better humanitarian action. Yet without a substantially higher political commitment to address the underlying causes of man-made humanitarian crises, durable solutions are obut of reach. Estonia remains committed to working together</span><span lang="EN-GB" style='color: black; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; mso-themecolor: text1; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>, recognising that the efficiency and effectiveness of humanitarian action requires urgent commitment and involvement of all actors.</span></font></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"></font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%; -ms-text-justify: inter-ideograph;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='color: black; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; mso-themecolor: text1; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'><font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"></font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%; -ms-text-justify: inter-ideograph;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='color: black; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-themecolor: text1; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'><font size="3">Thank you.</font></span></p><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%; -ms-text-justify: inter-ideograph;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='color: black; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-themecolor: text1; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'><font size="3"><br></font></span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"></font> Wed, 21 Jun 2017 12:33:03 GMT http://genf.vm.ee/est/esileht/koned_ja_artiklid/aid-1720 Eesti sõnavõtt globaalse kompakti raames korraldatud kolmandal temaatilisel sessioonil http://genf.vm.ee/est/esileht/koned_ja_artiklid/aid-1719 <p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt;'><strong>Remarks by Riia Salsa, Deputy Permanent Representative of Estonia to the UN in Geneva at the third thematic session of the UN Global Compact for Safe, Orderly and Regular Migration </strong></span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"></font><p align="right" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; text-align: right; line-height: 150%;"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;"><span style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt;'>&nbsp;</span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"></font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;"><span style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt;'>Panel 1: International cooperation and governance of migration in all its dimensions</span></b></p><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt;'>Genf, 19&nbsp;ja 20&nbsp;juuni 2017</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"></font><p align="right" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; text-align: right; line-height: 150%;"><i style="mso-bidi-font-style: normal;"><span style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt;'>Check against delivery!</span></i><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;"><span style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt;'><br style="mso-special-character: line-break;"><br style="mso-special-character: line-break;"></span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"></font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt;'>Thank you Mr. Chair,</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"></font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt;'>Allow me to start with thanking the panelists for their insightful remarks and the organisers for the thorough Issues Brief.<span style="mso-spacerun: yes;">&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"></font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt;'>Estonia aligns itself with the statement delivered by the European Union.</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"></font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt;'>As the Issues Brief of this session highlights, the migration governance begins at the national level where sound and inclusive national systems form the basis for regional and international cooperation and governance. In this respect, Estonia pays good attention to ensuring efficient internal and intergovernmental cooperation and regular dialogue between various stakeholders. As an example of best practice, allow me to share that Estonia established in 2015 a devoted migration coordination body that comprises senior representatives from various line ministries and other State institutions. This practice has proved useful in streamlining and updating the relevant regulations and practical approaches in the area of migration. Moreover, we are certain that effective governance of migration has to be based on honest, fast and straightforward communication and cooperation between State authorities, NGO-s and local municipalities. A good example is the very last meeting of the migration coordination body on 9<sup>th</sup> of June, held with the participation of Mr Eugenio Ambrosi, the Regional Director of the IOM, which was open for all stakeholders and resulted in a fruitful discussion on the Global Compact on Migration.</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"></font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt;'>Building on efficient national systems, the international cooperation addressing large movements of migrants has to center and reinforce the principles of solidarity and shared responsibility as outlined in the NY declaration, and protect human rights of all migrants. </span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"></font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt;'>Estonia aims at achieving synergies between different policies, instruments and actions when addressing the migration and contributing to the resilience of our partner countries in addressing the development effect of migration. Aside of the EU Partnership Framework Approach, that the European Union already mentioned, the EU also works on other concrete tools such as the European External Investment Plan (EIP), including the new instrument of European Fund for Sustainable Development (EFSD) that will be an important tool to improve investment climate and to boost economic growth in African countries.</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"></font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt;'>Finally, allow me to highlight the role of IOM as the global lead agency on migration in achieving tangible results regarding global cooperation on migration and migration governance. </span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"></font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt;'>Thank you!</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"></font> Tue, 20 Jun 2017 12:18:22 GMT http://genf.vm.ee/est/esileht/koned_ja_artiklid/aid-1719 Eesti sõnavõtt Inimõiguste Nõukogu 35. sessioonil 10. punkti juures Ukraina temaatilisel dialoogil http://genf.vm.ee/est/esileht/koned_ja_artiklid/aid-1718 <p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; line-height: 150%;"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt;'>ÜRO Inimõiguste Nõukogu 35. sessioon</span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"></font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; line-height: 150%;"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt;'>&nbsp;</span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"></font><p align="center" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: center; line-height: 150%;"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt;'>Intervention by ESTONIA</span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"></font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; line-height: 150%;"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt;'>&nbsp;</span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"></font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt;'>Item 10: Interactive dialogue on the UN High Commissioner’s oral update on UKRAINE</span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"></font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt;'><br></span></p><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt;'>Genf, 21 juuni 2017</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"></font><p align="center" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: center; line-height: 150%;"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt;'>&nbsp;</span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"></font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt;'>Mr. President,</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"></font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt;'>Distinguished High Commissioner,</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"></font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt;'>&nbsp;</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"></font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt;'>Estonia thanks the High Commissioner for his update on Ukraine. We fully align ourselves with statement made by the European Union (EU).</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"></font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt;'>&nbsp;</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"></font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt;'>Estonia is deeply concerned about the human rights situation in the areas of eastern Ukraine, including those currently not controlled by the government.</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"></font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt;'>Security comes first in any conflict resolution process. Instead, we see continuing fighting on the ground, and harassment, intimidation and interference of the work of international monitors by Russian Federation’s proxies. In April, we witnessed the tragic death of a member of an OSCE patrol. The recent, 18<sup>th</sup> report of the OHCHR Human Rights Monitoring Mission in Ukraine (HRMMU) describes an increase in civilian casualties. It is clear that the humanitarian situation on the ground cannot improve before the hostilities stop. In this light, we continue to call on parties for the full implementation of the Minsk agreements.</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"></font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt;'>&nbsp;</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"></font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt;'>Crimea has now been illegally annexed by the Russian Federation for more than three years. The HRMMU report <span style="background: white; color: black;">describes the Crimean illegal authorities retroactively applying criminal law of the Russian Federation, disregarding fair trial guarantees and compelling Crimean residents to serve in the armed forces of the Russian Federation, in violation of the Fourth Geneva Convention.</span> We are highly concerned about the systematic human rights violations, in particular against Crimean Tatars, indigenous peoples of Crimea, and all of the Ukrainian citizens who oppose the illegal annexation. </span><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-fareast-language: FR-CH;'>The Russian Federation, who has <i style="mso-bidi-font-style: normal;">de facto</i> control of Crimea, should immediately release all political prisoners and stop the persecution of journalists critical of the Russian authorities.</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"></font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt;'>Concerned by the fact that access to non-government controlled areas is becoming increasingly limited, we also urge for unrestricted access for Ukrainian and international human rights actors to the whole territory of Ukraine, including the Human Rights Commissioner of the Ukrainian Parliament. </span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"></font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt;'>&nbsp;</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"></font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt;'>Finally, we welcome the reform process in Ukraine that has continued despite the conflict and encourage the government of Ukraine to work with its civil society in further efforts. In this light, we also welcome the initiative brought by Ukraine to this council under item 10, and call on all UN Member States to support it.</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"></font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt;'>&nbsp;</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"></font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt;'>Thank you.</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"></font><font face="Times New Roman" size="3">&nbsp;</font> Wed, 21 Jun 2017 12:27:53 GMT http://genf.vm.ee/est/esileht/koned_ja_artiklid/aid-1718 Eesti sõnavõtt Inimõiguste Nõukogu 35. sessioonil 10. punkti juures Gruusia temaatilisel üld-debatil http://genf.vm.ee/est/esileht/koned_ja_artiklid/aid-1717 <font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; line-height: 150%;"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>ÜRO Inimõiguste Nõukogu 35. sessioon</span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; line-height: 150%;"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>&nbsp;</span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p align="center" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: center; line-height: 150%;"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>Intervention by ESTONIA</span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; line-height: 150%;"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>&nbsp;</span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; line-height: 150%;"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>Item 10 – General Debate. Oral report of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights on Georgia</span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; line-height: 150%;"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>&nbsp;</span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>Genf, 21 juuni 2017</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>&nbsp;</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>Mr President,</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>Mr High Commissioner,</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>&nbsp;</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>Estonia aligns itself with the statement delivered by the European Union. We would like to thank the director of the field operations and technical cooperation division of the OHCHR for the oral update on the follow-up to the resolution on Cooperation with Georgia, which we fully support. </span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>&nbsp;</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>We express our concern over the recent developments in the occupied territories of Georgia, including Abkhazia and South Ossetia. The humanitarian and human rights situation remains worrisome. Restricting the freedom of movement in Abkhazia by closing two crossing-points in the lower part of Gali region causes the people further disruptions to their everyday lives. Forced re-naturalization of Georgian citizens and imposing several restrictions on the right to education in native language, as well as neglecting social and economic rights, demonstrates how the <i>de facto </i>authorities consistently violate the fundamental rights and freedoms of people living on both sides of the administrative boundary line. </span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>&nbsp;</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>We call on the <i style="mso-bidi-font-style: normal;">de facto</i> authorities to permit the staff of the Office of the High Commissioner (OHCHR) and other international humanitarian and human rights organizations full access to the Georgian territories of Abkhazia and South Ossetia.</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>&nbsp;</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>Furthermore, Estonia condemns the so-called Presidential elections and referendum on amending the name of the Georgian occupied region of South-Ossetia that took place on the 9<sup>th</sup> of April. We find those actions illegal. Estonia does not recognize the outcome of the elections and they do not change the status of these territories nor legitimise the illegal occupation. These steps undermine efforts to find a peaceful resolution to the conflict, and therefore damage security and stability in the region. Estonia reaffirms its resolute support for the sovereignty and territorial integrity of Georgia within its internationally recognized borders - Abkhazia and South-Ossetia are integral parts of Georgia. </span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>&nbsp;</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>Finally, we would like to ask the OHCHR, what more could be done to enable independent human rights monitoring in the whole territory of Georgia?</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>&nbsp;</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>Thank you.</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font> Wed, 21 Jun 2017 12:16:33 GMT http://genf.vm.ee/est/esileht/koned_ja_artiklid/aid-1717 Eesti sõnavõtt Inimõiguste Nõukogu 35. sessioonil 4. punkti juures Burundi inimõiguste olukorra dialoogil http://genf.vm.ee/est/esileht/koned_ja_artiklid/aid-1712 <font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; line-height: normal;"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt;'>Inimõiguste Nõukogu 35. Sessioon</span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; line-height: normal;"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt;'>&nbsp;</span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p align="center" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: center; line-height: normal;"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt;'>Intervention by ESTONIA</span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; line-height: normal;"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt;'>&nbsp;</span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; line-height: normal;"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt;'>Item 4: Interactive Dialogue on the Situation of Human Rights in Burundi (HRC res. </span></b><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt;'>33/24)</span></b><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font></p><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; line-height: normal;"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt;'>&nbsp;</span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; line-height: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt;'>Genf, 13 juuni 2017</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; line-height: normal;"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt;'>&nbsp;</span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; line-height: normal;"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt;'>&nbsp;</span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='color: black; line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt;'>Mr. President,</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='color: black; line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt;'>&nbsp;</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='color: black; line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt;'>Estonia fully aligns itself with the EU statement.</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='color: black; line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt;'>We thank the Commission of Inquiry for the oral update on </span><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt;'>the dire human <span style="color: black;">rights situation in Burundi. <span style="mso-spacerun: yes;">&nbsp;</span>We remain deeply worried about the systematic human rights violations that have taken and are taking place, by Governmental agents and those associated to them. We note with concern the deteriorating human rights situation and the government’s continued use of repressive measures, including repression of human rights defenders, suspension of civil society organizations (CSOs) and introduction of new control measures over the CSOs work. We are worried about the government’s attempts to curtail the freedom of expression, association, and assembly, and call on the government of Burundi to guarantee those rights.</span></span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='color: black; line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt;'>&nbsp;</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='color: black; line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt;'>Furthermore, we express deep concern over the increasing cases of enforced disappearances and we call on the government of Burundi to conduct independent and impartial investigations into those cases. We find very worrisome the increased repression and call on the government to end the long-standing culture of impunity in Burundi. The decision of the government of Burundi to withdraw from the ICC Statute is deeply disappointing and we call on the government to continue to cooperate with the ICC, as it is crucial for victims of grave crimes, to receive justice. </span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='color: black; line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt;'>&nbsp;</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='color: black; line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt;'>We expect Burundi, especially as a member of the Human Rights Council, to uphold the highest standards in the promotion and protection of human rights and invite the Burundian authorities to fully cooperate with all HRC mechanisms and</span><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt;'> with the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR), </span><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN;'>in independent and impartial international investigations into </span><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt;'>reports of </span><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN;'>the gross human rights abuses in Burundi. </span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='color: black; line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt;'>&nbsp;</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='color: black; line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt;'>Thank you.</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font> Tue, 13 Jun 2017 09:36:37 GMT http://genf.vm.ee/est/esileht/koned_ja_artiklid/aid-1712 Eesti sõnavõtt Inimõiguste Nõukogu 35. sessioonil 3. punkti juures väljendusvabaduse eri-raportööri dialoogil http://genf.vm.ee/est/esileht/koned_ja_artiklid/aid-1711 <font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; line-height: normal;"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>Inimõiguste Nõukogu 35. sessioon</span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; line-height: normal;"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>&nbsp;</span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p align="center" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: center; line-height: normal;"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>Intervention by ESTONIA</span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; line-height: normal;"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>&nbsp;</span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; line-height: normal;"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>Item 3 – Individual ID with Special Rapporteur on the right to freedom of expression</span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; line-height: normal;"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>&nbsp;</span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; line-height: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>Genf, 12 juuni 2017</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; text-align: justify; line-height: normal;"><span style='font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US;'>&nbsp;</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US;'>Mr President,</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US;'>Estonia aligns itself with the EU statement. </span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US;'>We wish to thank Mr David Kaye for his report. </span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US;'>Estonia deems the subject matter presented today by the Special Rapporteur to be timely with every country in mind. Last week, Estonia was honoured to host the 10th anniversary of the European Dialogue on Internet Governance – the EuroDIG event in Tallinn. In various panel discussions issues related to the role of private actors engaging in the provision of Internet and telecommunications access were raised by all stakeholder groups. </span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US;'>Estonia acknowledges that while governments have the primary responsibility to guarantee the protection of human rights, including the promotion and protection of the right to freedom of expression online, the private sector also needs to comply with the expectations and obligations of the society in the digital age. The role of businesses is highly significant to ensure security in the virtual world. Private companies are the main actors providing online services to people in their daily life, for example e-banking, online shopping, etc. In this respect, we find the recommendations drawn by the special rapporteur very useful. </span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US;'>Furthermore, regarding internet restrictions, we agree with the Special Rapporteur that restrictions on the freedom of expression cannot be invoked to justify the suppression of advocacy for democratic rights, including internet shutdowns during demonstrations, elections and other events of extraordinary public interest, where little or no explanation is provided.</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US;'>As one of the founding members of the Freedom Online Coalition, Estonia is also concerned about the threats and intimidation of companies and their employees by the governments of non-democratic countries where they are located. We fully agree with the Special Rapporteur that companies might need protection, too, and that state actions need to be lawful and proportionate. </span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US;'>Estonia would like to ask the Special Rapporteur to elaborate on good practices of collaboration between states and the private industry in finding ways to increase the protection of all human rights and fundamental freedoms online. </span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US;'>Mr Special Rapporteur, we highly value and closely follow your work up until now, and we wish you every success in your endeavours. </span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US;'>Thank you.</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font> Mon, 12 Jun 2017 09:35:54 GMT http://genf.vm.ee/est/esileht/koned_ja_artiklid/aid-1711 Eesti sõnavõtt Inimõiguste Nõukogu 35. sessioonil 4. punkti juures dialoogil Süüria Araabia Vabariigi uurimiskomisjoniga http://genf.vm.ee/est/esileht/koned_ja_artiklid/aid-1710 <font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; line-height: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-bidi-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-bidi-theme-font: minor-bidi; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'><span lang="EN-GB" style='font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'><strong>Inimõiguste Nõukogu 35. sessioon</strong></span></span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; line-height: normal;"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-bidi-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-bidi-theme-font: minor-bidi; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>&nbsp;</span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p align="center" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: center; line-height: normal;"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-bidi-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-bidi-theme-font: minor-bidi; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>Intervention by ESTONIA</span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; line-height: normal;"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-bidi-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-bidi-theme-font: minor-bidi; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>&nbsp;</span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; line-height: normal;"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-bidi-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-bidi-theme-font: minor-bidi; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>Item 4 – Interactive Dialogue with the Commission of Inquiry on the Syrian Arab Republic </span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p align="center" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: center; line-height: normal;"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-bidi-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-bidi-theme-font: minor-bidi; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>&nbsp;</span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; line-height: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-bidi-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-bidi-theme-font: minor-bidi; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>Genf, 14 juuni 2017</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: normal;"><span style='font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-no-proof: yes;'>&nbsp;</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: normal;"><span style='font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-no-proof: yes;'>&nbsp;</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: normal;"><span style='font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-no-proof: yes;'>Mr. President,</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-no-proof: yes;'>&nbsp;</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-bidi-font-weight: bold; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-no-proof: yes;'>Estonia aligns itself fully with the statement (to be) made by the EU. We would like to thank the Commission of Inquiry for their oral update.</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-bidi-font-weight: bold; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-no-proof: yes;'>&nbsp;</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%; mso-outline-level: 1;"><span style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-bidi-font-weight: bold; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-no-proof: yes;'>Estonia is deeply concerned at the reported use of chemical weapons in Khan Sheikhoun on 4 April 2017 and the killing of detainees in Syrian Military Intelligence Facilities, what constitutes to war crimes and crimes against humanity. Perpetrators of these crimes must be held accountable. </span></p><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%; mso-outline-level: 1;"><span style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-bidi-font-weight: bold; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-no-proof: yes;'><br></span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%; mso-outline-level: 1;"><span style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-bidi-font-weight: bold; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-no-proof: yes;'>Estonia urges all parties to the conflict to continue negotiations for a political solution to the Syrian conflict, under the auspices of the United Nations and take every feasible measure to spare the civilian population from the effects of the armed conflict. We demand from all parties to guarantee unhindered, full, immediate and safe access of humanitarian aid to those in need; not to commit indiscriminate and disproportionate attacks against the civilian population and civilian facilities; comply fully with their obligations under international humanitarian law and to respect international human rights law to end the human suffering in the Syrian Arab Republic.</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%; mso-outline-level: 1;"><span style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-bidi-font-weight: bold; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-no-proof: yes;'>&nbsp;</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%; mso-outline-level: 1;"><span style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-bidi-font-weight: bold; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-no-proof: yes;'>We call on parties involved in the conflict to cooperate fully with the international, impartial and independent mechanism established by the UN General Assembly resolution in December 2016 to assist the investigation and prosecution of persons responsible for committed war crimes in the Syrian Arab Republic. We also reiterate our <span style="mso-spacerun: yes;">&nbsp;</span>support for referral of the situation to the International Criminal Court (ICC), in order to guarantee that all victims would receive justice and reparations. </span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-bidi-font-weight: bold; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-no-proof: yes;'>&nbsp;</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-bidi-font-weight: bold; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-no-proof: yes;'>Last, we call on the Syrian authorities to cooperate fully with the Human Rights Council and the Commission of Inquiry by granting the Commission immediate, full and unfettered access throughout the Syrian Arab Republic.</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-bidi-font-weight: bold; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-no-proof: yes;'>&nbsp;</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-bidi-font-weight: bold; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-no-proof: yes;'>Thank you.</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font> Wed, 14 Jun 2017 09:32:27 GMT http://genf.vm.ee/est/esileht/koned_ja_artiklid/aid-1710 Eesti sõnavõtt Inimõiguste Nõukogu 35. sessioonil Valgevene inimõiguste olukorra raporteerimisel http://genf.vm.ee/est/esileht/koned_ja_artiklid/aid-1709 <font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 115%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'><span lang="EN-GB" style='font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'><strong>Inimõiguste Nõukogu 35. sessioon</strong></span></span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt;"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 115%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>&nbsp;</span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p align="center" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: center;"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 115%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>Statement by Estonia</span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt;"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 115%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>&nbsp;</span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt;"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 115%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>Report of the Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights in Belarus</span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p align="center" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: center;"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 115%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>&nbsp;</span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 115%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>Genf, 14 juuni 2017</span></p><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 115%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'><br></span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p align="center" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: center;"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 115%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>&nbsp;</span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; -ms-text-justify: inter-ideograph; tab-stops: 400.0pt;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 115%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>Mr President,</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; -ms-text-justify: inter-ideograph; tab-stops: 400.0pt;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 115%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>&nbsp;</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%; -ms-text-justify: inter-ideograph; tab-stops: 400.0pt;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>Estonia fully aligns itself with the statement made by the European Union.</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%; -ms-text-justify: inter-ideograph; tab-stops: 400.0pt;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>&nbsp;</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%; -ms-text-justify: inter-ideograph;"><font size="3"><font face="Times New Roman">Estonia would like to express its appreciation for the work done by the Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights in Belarus, Mr. Miklós Haraszti. <span lang="EN-GB" style="mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;">The continued lack of cooperation by the authorities of Belarus with the Special Rapporteur is most regrettable, as is the general assessment of the report that </span><span style="mso-bidi-font-weight: bold;">the human rights situation in Belarus has seen a dramatic deterioration during the last year</span><span lang="EN-GB" style="mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;">. Under these circumstances, Estonia supports the extension of the mandate of the Special Rapporteur.</span></font></font></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%; -ms-text-justify: inter-ideograph;"><span lang="EN-GB" style="mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;"><font face="Times New Roman" size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%; -ms-text-justify: inter-ideograph;"><font size="3"><font face="Times New Roman"><span lang="EN-GB" style="mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;">We share the view of the Special Rapporteur that the way how peaceful demonstrators were met by the authorities of Belarus in spring this year, has to be condemned. We call on the Government of Belarus to end the policy of mass arrests and </span><span style="mso-bidi-font-weight: bold;">arbitrary detention as a response to peaceful assemblies, or arresting political opponents on trumped-up criminal charges and on a “preventive” basis. We urge Belarus to release all prisoners who were detained under these charges. We also call on Belarus to change its Criminal Code to avoid curtailing the freedoms of peaceful assembly and of association in the future. </span></font></font></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%; -ms-text-justify: inter-ideograph;"><font face="Times New Roman" size="3">&nbsp;</font></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%; -ms-text-justify: inter-ideograph;"><span style="mso-bidi-font-weight: bold;"><font face="Times New Roman" size="3">We took note of the first registration of an organization in Belarus during several years, as the movement “Tell the Truth” was registered in May. We hope that this does not remain a single case and the authorities continue registering civil society organizations and political parties that have been denied official recognition so far. </font></span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%; -ms-text-justify: inter-ideograph;"><span style="mso-bidi-font-weight: bold;"><font face="Times New Roman" size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 10pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%; -ms-text-justify: inter-ideograph;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>Finally, we call on the authorities of Belarus to fulfil their international obligations and cooperate fully with all UN human rights mechanisms and special procedures. We urge the Government of Belarus to fully implement all the recommendations made by the Special Rapporteur in his report. We would particularly like to emphasise the importance of i</span><span lang="ET" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-bidi-font-weight: bold;'>ntroducing, as a first step, a moratorium on executions, leading to the total abolition of the death penalty.</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%; -ms-text-justify: inter-ideograph;"><span lang="EN-GB" style="mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;"><font face="Times New Roman" size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%; -ms-text-justify: inter-ideograph; tab-stops: 400.0pt;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>Thank you!</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font> Wed, 14 Jun 2017 09:29:50 GMT http://genf.vm.ee/est/esileht/koned_ja_artiklid/aid-1709 Eesti sõnavõtt Inimõiguste Nõukogu 35. sessioonil 2. ja 3. punkti juures üld-debatil http://genf.vm.ee/est/esileht/koned_ja_artiklid/aid-1708 <font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; line-height: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'><span lang="EN-GB" style='font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'><strong>Inimõiguste Nõukogu 35. sessioon</strong></span></span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p align="center" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: center; line-height: normal;"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>&nbsp;</span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p align="center" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: center; line-height: normal;"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>Intervention by ESTONIA</span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p align="center" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: center; line-height: normal;"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>&nbsp;</span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; line-height: normal;"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>Items 2 and 3 – General Debate</span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p align="center" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: center; line-height: normal;"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>&nbsp;</span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; line-height: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>Genf, 12&nbsp;juuni 2017</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; text-align: justify; line-height: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>&nbsp;</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>Mr President,</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>Estonia takes this opportunity to raise some issues addressed in the report of the High Commissioner on the promotion, protection and enjoyment of human rights on the Internet: ways to bridge the gender digital divide from a human rights perspective.</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>Of the 7.5 billion people in the world, men make up about 18% and women 16% of all the persons online. In keeping with the 2030 Agenda, this means that these 200 million fewer women have been „left behind“.</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>This gender digital divide, addressed in the High Commissioner’s report to this Council, has negative societal and economic consequences, including on the women’s enjoyment of their human rights. In the same way, when reversed, unhindered and promoted access to Internet benefits not only women, but also their communities and the economy.</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='background: white; color: rgb(51, 51, 51); line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>T</span><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>he gender digital divide is both a consequence and cause of violations of women’s human rights. Recent data reveals that the digital gender divide is increasing, and, u<span style="background: white; color: rgb(51, 51, 51);">nfortunately, there are no quick fixes. Estonia agrees with the report that all policies to improve Internet access need to be comprehensive and gender responsive, addressing the underlying causes of gender inequality. </span></span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='background: white; color: rgb(51, 51, 51); line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>W</span><span lang="EN-GB" style='color: rgb(51, 51, 51); line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB; mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-fareast-language: ET;'>omen’s access to education remains a strong factor in Internet use. Urban poor women with at least some secondary education are six times more likely to be online than urban poor women with lower levels of education. </span><span lang="EN-GB" style='background: white; color: rgb(51, 51, 51); line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>This is why locally and internationally, Estonia strives towards a collaborative effort, </span><span lang="EN-GB" style='color: rgb(51, 51, 51); line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB; mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-fareast-language: ET;'>working with governments, the private sector, and civil society to promote the digital literacy of women and girls.</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='color: rgb(51, 51, 51); line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB; mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-fareast-language: ET;'>Finally, we would like to emphasise that it is not only important to have access to and use of <i style="mso-bidi-font-style: normal;">any</i> kind of internet. Internet must </span><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>be open, global, and accessible. Human rights-based approach needs to underpin the provision and expansion of access to the Internet for all, so that no one would be left behind.</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='color: rgb(51, 51, 51); line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB; mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-fareast-language: ET;'>Thank you.</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font> Mon, 12 Jun 2017 09:09:07 GMT http://genf.vm.ee/est/esileht/koned_ja_artiklid/aid-1708 Eesti sõnavõtt Inimõiguste Nõukogu 35. sessioonil 3. punkti juures kohtunike ja juristide iseseisvuse ning naistevastase vägivalla dialoogil http://genf.vm.ee/est/esileht/koned_ja_artiklid/aid-1707 <font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; line-height: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'><span lang="EN-GB" style='font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'><strong>Inimõiguste Nõukogu 35. sessioon</strong></span></span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; line-height: normal;"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>&nbsp;</span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p align="center" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: center; line-height: normal;"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>Intervention by ESTONIA</span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; line-height: normal;"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>&nbsp;</span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; line-height: normal;"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>Item 3 – Clustered ID with Special Rapporteur on independence of judges and lawyers and Special Rapporteur on violence against women</span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; line-height: normal;"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>&nbsp;</span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; line-height: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>Genf, 12 juuni 2017</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; line-height: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>&nbsp;</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; line-height: normal;"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>&nbsp;</span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>Thank you Mr President,</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>Estonia fully aligns itself with the statement made by the European Union. </span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'><br> We welcome the first report of the Special Rapporteur, Mr Diego Garcia-Sayan, on the Independence of Judges and Lawyers, and the areas of focus during the course of his mandate on the impact of corruption, organized crime and other transnational threats on the judiciary. <span style="mso-spacerun: yes;">&nbsp;</span>We wish the Special Rapporteur every success in fulfilling his mandate and assure him of our complete cooperation. </span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>&nbsp;</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>Estonia would like to thank the Special Rapporteur on violence against women, Dr. Dubravka Šimonović, for the report. We appreciate the topic chosen for this report. Support and protection services are crucial in fighting violence against women. We need to encourage those women and girls who have fallen victim of violence to seek help without being afraid to being subjected to secondary discrimination or even greater violence while doing so, and ensuring their safety and human rights through the provision of those services. </span></p><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'><br></span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>Estonia has taken various protection measures on violence against women. </span><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB; mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-fareast-theme-font: minor-fareast; mso-fareast-language: JA;'>Starting from the January 2017 requirements for woman´s shelters’ service for women victims of violence are described in the Victim Support Act. The service is available in every county in Estonia. Furthermore, </span><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB; mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman";'>other services provided today to women victims of violence are for example </span><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB; mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-fareast-theme-font: minor-fareast; mso-fareast-language: JA;'>national victim support service, around-the-clock hotline for victims of violence against women and their relatives, services for victims of sexual abuse or rape and immediate trauma support. </span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>&nbsp;</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>Lastly, Estonia is moving towards the ratification of the Council of Europe Convention on preventing and combating violence against women and domestic violence (Istanbul Convention). Thus, we would like to ask whether the Special Rapporteur would have any good practices to share about the implementation of the Istanbul Convention provisions on shelters and protection orders?</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>&nbsp;</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>Thank you.</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font> Mon, 12 Jun 2017 09:17:34 GMT http://genf.vm.ee/est/esileht/koned_ja_artiklid/aid-1707 Eesti sõnavõtt Inimõiguste Nõukogu 35. sessioonil 4. punkti juures Myanmari inimõiguste olukorra raporteerimisel http://genf.vm.ee/est/esileht/koned_ja_artiklid/aid-1706 <font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; line-height: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-bidi-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-bidi-theme-font: minor-bidi; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'><span lang="EN-GB" style='font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'><strong>Inimõiguste Nõukogu 35. sessioon</strong></span></span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; line-height: normal;"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-bidi-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-bidi-theme-font: minor-bidi; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>&nbsp;</span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p align="center" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: center; line-height: normal;"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-bidi-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-bidi-theme-font: minor-bidi; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>Intervention by ESTONIA</span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; line-height: normal;"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-bidi-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-bidi-theme-font: minor-bidi; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>&nbsp;</span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; line-height: normal;"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-bidi-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-bidi-theme-font: minor-bidi; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>Item 4 – Report of the Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights in MYANMAR</span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p align="center" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: center; line-height: normal;"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-bidi-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-bidi-theme-font: minor-bidi; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>&nbsp;</span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; line-height: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-bidi-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-bidi-theme-font: minor-bidi; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>Genf, 15 juuni</span><span lang="EN-GB" style='font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-bidi-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-bidi-theme-font: minor-bidi; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>&nbsp;2017</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p align="center" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: center; line-height: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>&nbsp;</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: normal; mso-layout-grid-align: none;"><span style='font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-bidi-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-bidi-theme-font: minor-bidi; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ET;'>&nbsp;</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%; mso-layout-grid-align: none;"><span style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-bidi-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-bidi-theme-font: minor-bidi; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ET;'>Mr. President,</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%; mso-layout-grid-align: none;"><span style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-bidi-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-bidi-theme-font: minor-bidi; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ET;'>Distinguished Special Rapporteur,</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: normal; mso-layout-grid-align: none;"><span style='font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-bidi-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-bidi-theme-font: minor-bidi; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ET;'>&nbsp;</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-bidi-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-bidi-theme-font: minor-bidi; mso-ansi-language: EN-US;'>Estonia fully aligns itself with the statement made by the EU. </span></p><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-bidi-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-bidi-theme-font: minor-bidi; mso-ansi-language: EN-US;'><br></span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-bidi-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-bidi-theme-font: minor-bidi; mso-ansi-language: EN-US;'>We would like to thank the Special Rapporteur for her oral update on the situation of human rights in Myanmar. </span></p><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-bidi-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-bidi-theme-font: minor-bidi; mso-ansi-language: EN-US;'><br></span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-bidi-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-bidi-theme-font: minor-bidi; mso-ansi-language: EN-US;'>We note the efforts of the Government of Myanmar, headed by Aung San Suu Kyi, for national reconciliation and reforms for the country’s democratic transition. However, we remain concerned about the slow pace of the reforms. We reiterate our worries about the ongoing conflict in parts of the country and reports of violations of international human rights and humanitarian law. Estonia remains, in particular, concerned about the situation of the members of Myanmar’s Rohingya community in the Rakhine state, and about those who have been displaced and thus face the risk of being re-victimized. Furthermore, we call the government to provide full access to the international humanitarian organizations to vulnerable people in Rakhine state who are in need vital humanitarian assistance.</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-bidi-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-bidi-theme-font: minor-bidi; mso-ansi-language: EN-US;'>&nbsp;</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-bidi-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-bidi-theme-font: minor-bidi; mso-ansi-language: EN-US;'>Mr President,</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-bidi-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-bidi-theme-font: minor-bidi; mso-ansi-language: EN-US;'>We welcome the creation of the independent international fact-finding mission on Myanmar at the Human Rights Council 34<sup>th</sup> session. We wish its members success in fulfilling the mandate. We encourage the Government of Myanmar to cooperate fully with the fact-finding mission, including making available the findings of the domestic investigation and other relevant information, and granting the mission full and unrestricted access to all areas. Cooperation with the mission will assist the government’s commitment to upholding the rule of law and holding those responsible for human rights violations accountable. </span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-bidi-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-bidi-theme-font: minor-bidi; mso-ansi-language: EN-US;'>&nbsp;</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-bidi-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-bidi-theme-font: minor-bidi; mso-ansi-language: EN-US;'>Thank you.</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font> Thu, 15 Jun 2017 09:18:28 GMT http://genf.vm.ee/est/esileht/koned_ja_artiklid/aid-1706 Eesti sõnavõtt Inimõiguste Nõukogu 35. sessioonil, 3. punkti juures http://genf.vm.ee/est/esileht/koned_ja_artiklid/aid-1698 <font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; line-height: normal;"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>Inimõiguste Nõukogu 35. sessioon</span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; line-height: normal;"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>&nbsp;</span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; line-height: normal;"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>&nbsp;</span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p align="center" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: center; line-height: normal;"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>Intervention by ESTONIA</span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p align="center" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: center; line-height: normal;"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>&nbsp;</span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; line-height: normal;"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>Item 3 – Clustered ID with Special Rapporteur on internally displaced persons and the Special Rapporteur on extreme poverty </span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; line-height: normal;"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>&nbsp;</span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; line-height: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>Genf, 7 juuni 2017</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; line-height: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>&nbsp;</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; line-height: normal;"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>&nbsp;</span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; line-height: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>Mr President,</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>&nbsp;</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>Estonia fully aligns itself with the European Union statement. We would like to thank the former Special Rapporteur on the human rights of internally displaced persons, Mr Chaloka Beyani, for his previous work and the new Special Rapporteur, Ms Cecilia Jimenez-Damary, for the report and presentation today. </span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>We agree with the Special Rapporteur that supporting durable solutions for the internally displaced persons (IDPs) and addressing the overall root causes of their displacement remains of fundamental concern. In this light, we welcome the follow-up visits of the former Special Rapporteur to Ukraine and Georgia to consult the challenges and opportunities for achieving a durable solution to internal displacement.</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>In the context of the visit to Georgia, Estonia remains concerned that <span style="background: white;">the situation in Georgia’s occupied territories has further deteriorated, creating additional obstacles to the return of the IDPs to their homes. Along with the Special Rapporteur, Estonia condemns </span>the installation of the coiled razor wire fence along the administrative boundary line in South-Ossetia, continuing to deprive IDPs of freedom of movement and choice of residence, creating tangible obstacles to their access to land, property, water and livelihoods, and reiterates the call for the removal of all such barriers. A<span style="background: white;">nother extremely worrying trend in the occupied territories is the forced re-naturalization of Georgian citizens and the deprivation of rights of those who prefer to keep their existing Georgian citizenship, violating their right to work, freedom of movement and other fundamental rights and freedoms.</span></span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>Finally, we regret that the authorities <i style="mso-bidi-font-style: normal;">de facto</i> in control in these occupied areas have failed to guarantee access to the Special Rapporteur to the occupied territories and call upon them to provide unhindered access to the international actors to monitor the human rights situation.</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>&nbsp;</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>Thank you.</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font> Wed, 07 Jun 2017 16:34:30 GMT http://genf.vm.ee/est/esileht/koned_ja_artiklid/aid-1698 Eesti sõnavõtt Inimõiguste Nõukogu 35. sessioonil, 2. punkti juures http://genf.vm.ee/est/esileht/koned_ja_artiklid/aid-1697 <font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; line-height: normal;"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>Inimõiguste Nõukogu 35. sessioon</span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; line-height: normal;"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>&nbsp;</span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; line-height: normal;"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>&nbsp;</span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p align="center" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: center; line-height: normal;"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>Intervention by ESTONIA</span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p align="center" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: center; line-height: normal;"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>&nbsp;</span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; line-height: normal;"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;"><span style='font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US;'>Item 2 – Annual report of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights</span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; line-height: normal;"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;"><span style='font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US;'>General segment</span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; line-height: normal;"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;"><span style='font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US;'>&nbsp;</span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; line-height: normal;"><span style='font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US;'>Genf, 7 juuni 2017</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; line-height: normal;"><span style='font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US;'>&nbsp;</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; line-height: normal;"><span style='font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US;'>&nbsp;</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; line-height: normal;"><span style='font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US;'>Mr President,</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; line-height: normal;"><span style='font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US;'>Mr High Commissioner,</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: normal;"><span style='font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US;'>&nbsp;</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US;'>Estonia fully aligns itself with the statement made by the European Union. We would like to thank the High Commissioner for Human Rights and his Office for his oral update and for bringing to our attention the most urgent human rights violations. We will not comment here on various reports or country situations before the Council and will instead do so under other agenda items. I would however use this opportunity to raise some other important questions. </span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US;'>&nbsp;</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US;'>Estonia would like highlight the need for more emphasis on prevention, early warning and effective response from the Council. The national human rights institutions (NHRIs), NGOs and human rights defenders have a crucial role in this context, as their experience and expertise on the ground level are valuable contribution to the Council’s preventive efforts. For this reason, we need to create and safeguard the space to enable their work. This is a way to meaningfully contribute to the prevention of human rights violations and promptly respond to human rights emergencies. At the same time we emphasize the role of the field presence of the OHCHR in providing information on the ground. We welcome the appointment of Andrew Gilmour as the Assistant Secretary-General for Human Rights - to lead the efforts to stop intimidation and reprisals within the UN system.</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US;'>&nbsp;</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US;'>Furthermore, human rights need to be mainstreamed in all of our activities in the United Nations, as human rights are both a means and the end of development. Human rights are central to the achievement of the sustainable development goals. Thus, we need to take common steps to realize the human rights of all. Reminding the statement by the High Commissioner at the 34<sup>th</sup> session – either we are all together or we fall together. </span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US;'>&nbsp;</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US;'>We would like to ask the High Commissioner, what can the Council do to increase the effectiveness of the prevention in addressing the human rights protection, and what, possibly new, tools and mechanisms are needed for this?</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US;'>&nbsp;</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US;'>Thank you.</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font> Wed, 07 Jun 2017 16:46:28 GMT http://genf.vm.ee/est/esileht/koned_ja_artiklid/aid-1697 Eesti sõnavõtt Inimõiguste Nõukogu 35. sessioonil, 3. punkti juures http://genf.vm.ee/est/esileht/koned_ja_artiklid/aid-1696 <font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; line-height: normal;"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>Inimõiguste Nõukogu 35. sessioon</span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; line-height: normal;"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>&nbsp;</span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; line-height: normal;"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>&nbsp;</span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p align="center" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: center; line-height: normal;"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>Intervention by ESTONIA</span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p align="center" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: center; line-height: normal;"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>&nbsp;</span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; line-height: normal;"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>Item 3 – Clustered ID with IE on protection against violence and discrimination based on sexual orientation and gender identity</span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; line-height: normal;"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>&nbsp;</span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; line-height: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>Genf, 6 juuni 2017</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>&nbsp;</span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>Mr. President </span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>Estonia fully aligns itself with the statement (to be) made by the European Union. We appreciate the possibility to interact with you, Mr. Muntarbhorn, the first Independent Expert, on the protection against violence and discrimination based on sexual orientation and gender identity, a mandate that is a reminder of the fact, that the existing human rights law includes the duty to promote and protect the human rights and fundamental freedoms of all persons also regardless of their sexual orientation or gender identity.</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>Estonia remains concerned about the discrimination, stigmatization and violence against LGBTI persons because of their actual or perceived sexual orientation or gender identity, and the prevailing impunity for those acts. Recent concern to us have been the allegation about the discrimination, arbitrary detention, torture and killings of members of the LGBTI community in Chechnya. To raise awareness of the LGBTI community human rights and discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation and gender identity, Estonia will be hosting this year in July the Baltic Pride event. </span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>In Estonia, the prohibition of any kind of discrimination on any grounds, also on the grounds of sexual orientation and gender identity, starts at the Constitutional level and is further elaborated in several laws. Legal framework on its own is however not enough to build mutual respect, tolerance and understanding. We therefore welcome your report that shows your clear vision of the complementary steps that need to be taken in order to fight against violence and discrimination based on sexual orientation and gender identity. Thus, we call upon all States to fully cooperate with the Independent Expert, including providing all information requested and responding favourably to request for country visits, allowing the mandate holder to fulfil his mandate.</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>Mr. Muntarbhorn, in your report, you assess that the issue of online hate speech relating to sexual orientation and gender identity has today an exponential reach that spills over also into the future – what solutions do you see for this?</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>We wish the Independent Expert success in fulfilling his mandate.</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>Thank you.</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font> Tue, 06 Jun 2017 16:43:41 GMT http://genf.vm.ee/est/esileht/koned_ja_artiklid/aid-1696 Eesti sõnavõtt Inimõiguste Nõukogu 35. sessioonil, 3. punkti juures http://genf.vm.ee/est/esileht/koned_ja_artiklid/aid-1695 <font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; line-height: normal;"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>Inimõiguste Nõukogu 35. sessioon</span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; line-height: normal;"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>&nbsp;</span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; line-height: normal;"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>&nbsp;</span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p align="center" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: center; line-height: normal;"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>Intervention by ESTONIA</span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; line-height: normal;"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>&nbsp;</span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; line-height: normal;"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>Item 3 – Clustered ID with SR on peaceful assembly and association and SR on the right to education</span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; line-height: normal;"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>&nbsp;</span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; line-height: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>Genf, 6 juuni 2017</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; line-height: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>&nbsp;</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; line-height: normal;"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>&nbsp;</span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; line-height: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>Mr President,</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; line-height: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>&nbsp;</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>Estonia aligns itself with the European Union statement.</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>&nbsp;</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>Estonia would like to thank the Special Rapporteur on the freedom of assembly and association, Ms Annalisa Ciampi, for her presentation, and the previous Special Rapporteur, Mr Maina Kiai, for his work on fulfilling the mandate, including the latest report with an important focus on the ways in which civil societies improve all of our societies. We regret to note, along with the Special Rapporteur, the trend of narrowing space for civil society, including in the digital domain. We would like to ask the Special Rapporteur, what can the international community do to better ensure unimpeded access to and use of information and communication to guarantee the free functioning of the civil society?</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>&nbsp;</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>Mr. President,</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>&nbsp;</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>As the Sustainable Development Agenda 2030 requires Members States under Goal 4 to ensure inclusive and equitable quality education and to promote lifelong learning opportunities for all, we appreciate the Special Rapporteur on the right to education, Dr. </span><span lang="ET" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt;'>Boly Barry, </span><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>raising also the important issue of the role of non-formal education. Non-formal education can be an important tool to provide the right to education for children, adolescents and adults – especially persons with disabilities, women and girls, and persons in vulnerable situations –, who are unable to access formal education systems. We believe that information and communication technologies can have a profound impact to bring about innovation in the formal and non-formal learning settings. In your report, you recommend Member States to integrate all aspects of lifelong learning into a single system – what measures should States adopt to foster the creation of a single system that would allow learners to move between formal and informal programmes?</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>&nbsp;</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>Thank you.</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font> Tue, 06 Jun 2017 16:35:13 GMT http://genf.vm.ee/est/esileht/koned_ja_artiklid/aid-1695 Eesti sõnavõtt teisel formaalsel valitsustevahelise protsessi kohtumisel tugevdamaks austust rahvusvahelise humanitaar seaduse vastu http://genf.vm.ee/est/esileht/koned_ja_artiklid/aid-1690 <p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; line-height: 115%;"><span lang="ET" style='line-height: 115%; font-family: "Verdana",sans-serif; font-size: 9pt;'>Genf, 11 aprill 2017</span></p><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; line-height: 115%;"><span lang="ET" style='line-height: 115%; font-family: "Verdana",sans-serif; font-size: 9pt;'><br></span></p><span lang="ET" style='line-height: 115%; font-family: "Verdana",sans-serif; font-size: 9pt;'><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; line-height: 115%;"><br></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; line-height: 115%;"><span lang="ET" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Verdana",sans-serif; font-size: 9pt; mso-ansi-language: ET;'><br></span></p><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; line-height: 115%;"><span lang="ET" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Verdana",sans-serif; font-size: 9pt; mso-ansi-language: ET;'>Thank you, Mr Chair,</span></p><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; line-height: 115%;"><br></p><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="ET" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Verdana",sans-serif; font-size: 9pt; mso-ansi-language: ET;'>&nbsp;</span><span lang="ET" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Verdana",sans-serif; font-size: 9pt; mso-ansi-language: ET;'>Estonia would also like to extend our gratitude to Switzerland and the ICRC for the background document provided, which we believe provides an excellent outline for the discussion here today.</span></p><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; line-height: 115%;"><br></p><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="ET" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Verdana",sans-serif; font-size: 9pt; mso-ansi-language: ET;'>&nbsp;</span><span lang="ET" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Verdana",sans-serif; font-size: 9pt; mso-ansi-language: ET;'>As to the main topic at hand, Estonia sees the potential forum of states as a platform to learn from each other in order to enhance respect for and to together overcome obstacles in implementing IHL. What we regard as the primary issue at focus is that of the challenges <b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;">all states</b> face in capability-building. Collectively, we have not yet overcome challenges related to the emergence of non-state actors in armed conflicts. We are also faced with new challenges, such as applying IHL in contemporary domains and to modern technologies. A forum of states could provide a safe space to address such and other issues in a non-politisized and non-contectualized manner.</span></p><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; line-height: 115%;"><br></p><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="ET" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Verdana",sans-serif; font-size: 9pt; mso-ansi-language: ET;'>We believe that there is work to be done and discussions to be held to together improve our capability to tackle the said challenges. The eloquent description by the German delegate is likely familiar to many of the states present here. This aim can presicely be achieved by sharing best practices and ideas with other states, not necessarily having to agree collectively on all fronts. If we don’t lose focus of what the potential forum stands for and aims to do, we can concentrate on mutual capacity building, <b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;">not the assessment nor judgement of</b> where other states’ implementation of concrete IHL obligations is correct or not in practice.</span></p><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; line-height: 115%;"><br></p><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="ET" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Verdana",sans-serif; font-size: 9pt; mso-ansi-language: ET;'>To touch upon the question of safeguards proposed to avoid non-politization of the forum of states, we support previous statements, such as that by our CZ colleague here yesterday in that it is up to us as states to set the ground for achieving non-politization. As mentioned also by the US and Uruguayan delegations and highlighted by Norway and others, it may be explicitly stated in the rules of procedure of this potential forum of states what non-politization and non-contextualization means for us, the states. We would also like to echo our Australian colleague who mentioned other forums that have achieved just this regionally and we believe the same could be successful on a global scale. Additionally, what is proposed in the background document are very concrete methods of establishing such safeguards: powers may be accorded to the chair presiding over debates to ensure observance of rules agreed upon jointly. All written documents submitted by delegations to such a forum could be made subject to a review in order to ensure conformity with the set standards. </span></p><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; line-height: 115%;"><br></p><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="ET" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Verdana",sans-serif; font-size: 9pt; mso-ansi-language: ET;'>With regard to the questions posed at the end of the meeting yesterday, we believe that the fruitful discussion yesterday, including the statements by the UK, Australia, Slovakia, Uruguay, the Netherlands and others, provided a good reply to the questions posed in respect to existing gaps and the question of duplication. We would also like to again draw attention to the non-papers distributed by Spain, UK/Uruguay and France which also provide answers to these questions.</span></p><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; line-height: 115%;"><br></p><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="ET" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Verdana",sans-serif; font-size: 9pt; mso-ansi-language: ET;'>I thank you.</span></p></font></span> Tue, 11 Apr 2017 09:13:01 GMT http://genf.vm.ee/est/esileht/koned_ja_artiklid/aid-1690