Permanent Mission of Estonia in Geneva :: Kõned ja artiklid http://genf.vm.ee/est est http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss WiseCMS 2.0 hille.lepp@vm.ee hille.lepp@vm.ee Eesti sõnavõtt Inimõiguste Nõukogu 36. sessioonil 5. punkti juures interaktiivsel dialoogil põlisrahvaste õiguste eri-raportööriga http://genf.vm.ee/est/esileht/koned_ja_artiklid/aid-1752 <font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; line-height: normal;"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-bidi-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-bidi-theme-font: minor-bidi; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>ÜRO Inimõiguste Nõukogu 36. sessioon</span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; line-height: normal;"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-bidi-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-bidi-theme-font: minor-bidi; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>&nbsp;</span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p align="center" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: center; line-height: normal;"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-bidi-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-bidi-theme-font: minor-bidi; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>&nbsp;</span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p align="center" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: center; line-height: normal;"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-bidi-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-bidi-theme-font: minor-bidi; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>Intervention by ESTONIA</span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p align="center" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: center; line-height: normal;"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-bidi-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-bidi-theme-font: minor-bidi; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>&nbsp;</span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; line-height: 150%;"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-bidi-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-bidi-theme-font: minor-bidi; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>Item 5: clustered interactive dialogue with the Special Rapporteur on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples and the Expert Mechanism on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples</span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-bidi-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-bidi-theme-font: minor-bidi; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>Genf, 20 september 2017</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p align="right" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: right;"><i style="mso-bidi-font-style: normal;"><span lang="ET"><font face="Calibri" size="3">Check against delivery!</font></span></i></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-bidi-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-bidi-theme-font: minor-bidi; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>&nbsp;</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: normal; -ms-text-autospace:; mso-layout-grid-align: none;"><span style='font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-bidi-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-bidi-theme-font: minor-bidi; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ET;'>&nbsp;</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%; -ms-text-autospace:; mso-layout-grid-align: none;"><span style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-bidi-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-bidi-theme-font: minor-bidi; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ET;'>Mr. President,</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%; -ms-text-autospace:; mso-layout-grid-align: none;"><span style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-bidi-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-bidi-theme-font: minor-bidi; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ET;'>&nbsp;</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-bidi-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-bidi-theme-font: minor-bidi; mso-ansi-language: EN-US;'>Estonia aligns itself with the EU statement.</span></p><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-bidi-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-bidi-theme-font: minor-bidi; mso-ansi-language: EN-US;'><br></span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-bidi-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-bidi-theme-font: minor-bidi; mso-ansi-language: EN-US;'>Firstly, we would like to thank the Special Rapporteur on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, Ms. Victoria Tauli-Corpuz, for presenting her latest report on the topic of climate change. We would like to highlight the need for consultation with and participation of indigenous peoples in climate change mitigation processes. We would like to invite the Special-Rapporteur to elaborate on possible recourses in the situation of disproportionate vulnerability of indigenous peoples to climate change, more specifically on its gendered impact – an issue raised in the report, whereby women and girls are more likely to be affected by climate change, also meaning that they are more vulnerable to discrimination and exploitation.</span></p><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-bidi-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-bidi-theme-font: minor-bidi; mso-ansi-language: EN-US;'><br></span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-bidi-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-bidi-theme-font: minor-bidi; mso-ansi-language: EN-US;'>Secondly, we would like to thank the Chairperson Mr. Albert Kwokwo Barume and other experts of Expert Mechanism on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples (EMRIP) for their work and the latest reports under the expanded mandate. </span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-bidi-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-bidi-theme-font: minor-bidi; mso-ansi-language: EN-US;'>We acknowledge the reiteration in EMRIP’s annual report that an implementation gap exists between the support shown by States for the Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples (UNDRIP) at the international level and concrete action to promote and protect indigenous peoples’ rights at the national level.</span></p><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-bidi-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-bidi-theme-font: minor-bidi; mso-ansi-language: EN-US;'><br></span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-bidi-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-bidi-theme-font: minor-bidi; mso-ansi-language: EN-US;'>Moreover, we appreciate and look forward to addressing the proposal by EMRIP in its annual report to the HRC to make efforts to facilitate participation of indigenous peoples’ representatives and institutions in its work, which includes this dialogue we are having now, and the preceding panel. </span></p><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-bidi-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-bidi-theme-font: minor-bidi; mso-ansi-language: EN-US;'><br></span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-bidi-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-bidi-theme-font: minor-bidi; mso-ansi-language: EN-US;'>Finally, for several years Estonia contributed its expertise to the UN Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues and we regularly provide financial support to the UN Voluntary Fund for Indigenous Populations. We call on all countries to contribute to the fund, which receives far too little input, considering the range of support they are mandated to provide. In order to enhance the actual participation of representatives of indigenous peoples in UN meetings affecting them, we hereby call on all States to contribute to this important Fund. </span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-bidi-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-bidi-theme-font: minor-bidi; mso-ansi-language: EN-US;'>&nbsp;</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-bidi-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-bidi-theme-font: minor-bidi; mso-ansi-language: EN-US;'>Thank you.</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font> Wed, 20 Sep 2017 14:17:16 GMT http://genf.vm.ee/est/esileht/koned_ja_artiklid/aid-1752 Eesti kommentaar ÜRO Pagulaste Ülemvoliniku büroo alalise komisjoni 79. sessioonil 21-22 septembril http://genf.vm.ee/est/esileht/koned_ja_artiklid/aid-1750 <font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; line-height: 150%;"><span style='color: black; line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-bidi-font-weight: bold;'><strong>ÜRO Pagulaste Ülemvoliniku büroo alalise komisjoni 79. sessioon</strong> </span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p align="center" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: center; line-height: 150%;"><b><span style='color: black; line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-ansi-language: EN-US;'>&nbsp;</span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p align="center" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: center; line-height: 150%;"><b><span style='color: black; line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-ansi-language: EN-US;'>Remarks by ESTONIA</span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; line-height: 150%;"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;"><span style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-ansi-language: EN-US;'>&nbsp;</span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; line-height: 150%;"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;"><span style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-ansi-language: EN-US;'>Agenda item 2 b: Management </span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; line-height: 150%;"><span style='color: black; line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-bidi-font-weight: bold;'>Genf, 21 september 2017</span></p><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; line-height: 150%;"><br></p><span style='color: black; line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-bidi-font-weight: bold;'><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; line-height: 150%;"> <br></p><p style="margin: 0cm 3.9pt 10pt 0cm; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%; -ms-text-justify: inter-ideograph; mso-margin-top-alt: auto; mso-margin-bottom-alt: auto;"><span style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ET;'>Ms./Mr. Chairperson,</span></p><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; line-height: 150%;"> <br></p><p style="margin: 0cm 3.9pt 0pt 0cm; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%; -ms-text-autospace:; -ms-text-justify: inter-ideograph; mso-layout-grid-align: none;"><span style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ET;'>Allow me to thank the UNHCR for the presentations today, the Director of External Relations for her remarks under this agenda item and the background documentation for this session on progress toward implementing the UNHCR’s “grand bargain” commitments. </span></p><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; line-height: 150%;"> <br></p><p style="margin: 0cm 3.9pt 0pt 0cm; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%; -ms-text-autospace:; -ms-text-justify: inter-ideograph; mso-layout-grid-align: none;"><span style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ET;'>The World Humanitarian Summit and the adoption of more than 6000 commitments was an important milestone in 2016. The Grand Bargain, which was one of the most tangible outcomes of the World Humanitarian Summit, lays the important and much needed ground for positive change in the humanitarian system towards increased effectiveness, efficiency and transparency. It offers practical solutions to address the increasing humanitarian funding cap. In this spirit, we welcome the fact that UNHCR is now part of the grand bargain facilitation group; the release of UNHCR’s self-report on the first year of implementation; and the Grand Bargain independent report, to which the UNHCR contributed. </span></p><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; line-height: 150%;"> <br></p><p style="margin: 0cm 3.9pt 0pt 0cm; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%; -ms-text-autospace:; -ms-text-justify: inter-ideograph; mso-layout-grid-align: none;"><span style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ET;'>As we are ourselves taking steps to achieve our Grand Bargain commitments, we also follow with great interest the progress of other Grand Bargain signatories. As the Grand Bargain independent report reiterates, progress on the Grand Bargain has been uneven with evidence of a frequent pick and-choose approach and “there is growing impatience about the Grand Bargain’s impact on field operations”. It is important to carry forward the momentum and achieve tangible results. The very nature of the Grand Bargain means that changes need to occur both on the donors’ as well as the implementers’ side and the UNHCR therefore needs to make changes in both of these capacities. </span></p><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; line-height: 150%;"> <br></p><p style="margin: 0cm 3.9pt 0pt 0cm; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%; -ms-text-autospace:; -ms-text-justify: inter-ideograph; mso-layout-grid-align: none;"><span style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ET;'>Estonia appreciates the update given on UNHCR’s efforts to achieve greater transparency; increased support for local and national responders, cash-based programming; reducing costs with periodic functional reviews; improving joint and impartial needs assessment; increasing collaborative humanitarian multi-year planning and funding; reducing earmarking, and enhancing engagement between humanitarian and development actors, to name a few areas. As we commend the significant progress made, we also look forward to further tangible results. In particular, we encourage the UNHCR to move further on using innovative approaches and technologies, simplifying its tools and requirements towards its partners, and on contributing to bridging the gap between humanitarian and development activities.</span></p><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; line-height: 150%;"> <br></p><p style="margin: 0cm 3.9pt 0pt 0cm; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%; -ms-text-autospace:; -ms-text-justify: inter-ideograph; mso-layout-grid-align: none;"><span style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ET;'>Estonia considers, in the context of ever-growing needs, that innovation in the humanitarian field is especially crucial. This includes working with partners outside the humanitarian sector, while remaining committed to the humanitarian principles. Securing cooperation between humanitarian actors and development actors and between humanitarian actors and the private sector is crucial to advance on the endeavor to bring in innovation to the humanitarian field. Therefore, we much welcome UNHCR’s efforts to reduce costs and measure the efficiency gain with technology and innovation, such as through the use of biometrics for refugee registration, and are looking forward to further reports on innovative approaches.</span></p><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; line-height: 150%;"> <br></p><p style="margin: 0cm 3.9pt 0pt 0cm; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%; -ms-text-autospace:; -ms-text-justify: inter-ideograph; mso-layout-grid-align: none;"><span style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ET;'>Thank you!</span></p><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; line-height: 150%;"> <br></p></span><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; line-height: 150%;"><br></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font> Thu, 21 Sep 2017 07:52:35 GMT http://genf.vm.ee/est/esileht/koned_ja_artiklid/aid-1750 Eesti sõnavõtt Inimõiguste Nõukogu 36. sessioonil 4. punkti juures interaktiivsel dialoogil teabekogumismissiooniga seoses inimõiguste olukorraga Myanmaris http://genf.vm.ee/est/esileht/koned_ja_artiklid/aid-1748 <font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; line-height: normal;"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-bidi-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-bidi-theme-font: minor-bidi; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>Inimõiguste Nõukogu 36. sessioon</span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p align="center" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: center; line-height: normal;"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-bidi-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-bidi-theme-font: minor-bidi; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>&nbsp;</span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p align="center" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: center; line-height: normal;"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-bidi-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-bidi-theme-font: minor-bidi; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>&nbsp;</span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p align="center" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: center; line-height: normal;"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-bidi-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-bidi-theme-font: minor-bidi; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>Intervention by ESTONIA</span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p align="center" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: center; line-height: normal;"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-bidi-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-bidi-theme-font: minor-bidi; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>&nbsp;</span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; line-height: 150%;"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-bidi-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-bidi-theme-font: minor-bidi; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>Item 4 – Interactive Dialogue with the Fact Finding Mission on the situation of human rights in Myanmar</span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-bidi-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-bidi-theme-font: minor-bidi; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>Genf, 19 september 2017</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p align="right" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: right;"><i style="mso-bidi-font-style: normal;"><span lang="ET"><font face="Calibri" size="3">Check against delivery!</font></span></i></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p align="center" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: center; line-height: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>&nbsp;</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; line-height: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>&nbsp;</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: normal; -ms-text-autospace:; mso-layout-grid-align: none;"><span style='font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-bidi-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-bidi-theme-font: minor-bidi; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ET;'>&nbsp;</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%; -ms-text-autospace:; mso-layout-grid-align: none;"><span style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-bidi-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-bidi-theme-font: minor-bidi; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ET;'>Mr. President,</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: normal; -ms-text-autospace:; mso-layout-grid-align: none;"><span style='font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-bidi-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-bidi-theme-font: minor-bidi; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ET;'>&nbsp;</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-bidi-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-bidi-theme-font: minor-bidi; mso-ansi-language: EN-US;'>Estonia fully aligns itself with the statement made by the EU. We would like to thank the Fact Finding Mission for their first oral update on the situation of human rights in Myanmar. </span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-bidi-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-bidi-theme-font: minor-bidi; mso-ansi-language: EN-US;'>&nbsp;</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-bidi-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-bidi-theme-font: minor-bidi; mso-ansi-language: EN-US;'>We reiterate our worries about the ongoing conflict in parts of the country and reports of violations of international human rights and humanitarian law. </span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-bidi-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-bidi-theme-font: minor-bidi; mso-ansi-language: EN-US;'>Estonia condemns the attacks of 25 August, as we condemn the escalation of violence in the Rakhine State, in particular the excesses during security operations by Myanmar’s security forces. <span style="mso-spacerun: yes;">&nbsp;</span>Suffering caused to the Rohingya community, including extrajudicial killings, forced displacements, and widespread burning of Rohingya villages has left many of the Rohingya population fleeing, and becoming internally displaced persons or refugees in the neighboring Bangladesh. <span style="mso-spacerun: yes;">&nbsp;</span>We call upon the Government of Myanmar to grant and facilitate a safe voluntary return of displaced Rohingya civilians. It is of upmost importance to provide unrestricted access for humanitarian aid workers to the vulnerable people in Rakhine State, in order to prevent a further deterioration of the serious humanitarian situation. </span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-bidi-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-bidi-theme-font: minor-bidi; mso-ansi-language: EN-US;'>&nbsp;</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-bidi-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-bidi-theme-font: minor-bidi; mso-ansi-language: EN-US;'>Mr President,</span></p><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-bidi-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-bidi-theme-font: minor-bidi; mso-ansi-language: EN-US;'><br></span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-bidi-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-bidi-theme-font: minor-bidi; mso-ansi-language: EN-US;'>Estonia welcomes the creation of the independent international fact-finding mission on Myanmar at the Human Rights Council 34<sup>th</sup> session. We encourage the Government of Myanmar to cooperate fully with the mission, including by granting the mission full and unrestricted access to all areas of the country. Cooperation with the mission will assist the government’s commitment to upholding the rule of law and holding accountable those responsible for human rights violations. We also call upon Myanmar to take urgent and meaningful steps to implement the recommendations of the Advisory Commission led by former UN Secretary-General Kofi Annan. </span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-bidi-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-bidi-theme-font: minor-bidi; mso-ansi-language: EN-US;'>&nbsp;</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-bidi-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-bidi-theme-font: minor-bidi; mso-ansi-language: EN-US;'>Thank you.</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font> Tue, 19 Sep 2017 09:57:20 GMT http://genf.vm.ee/est/esileht/koned_ja_artiklid/aid-1748 Eesti sõnavõtt Inimõiguste Nõukogu 36. sessioonil, 4. punkti juures interaktiivsel dialoogil inimõiguste olukorra teemal Burundis http://genf.vm.ee/est/esileht/koned_ja_artiklid/aid-1747 <font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; line-height: normal;"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt;'>Inimõiguste Nõukogu 36. sessioon </span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; line-height: normal;"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt;'>&nbsp;</span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p align="center" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: center; line-height: normal;"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt;'>&nbsp;</span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p align="center" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: center; line-height: normal;"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt;'>Intervention by ESTONIA</span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p align="center" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: center; line-height: normal;"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt;'>&nbsp;</span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; line-height: 150%;"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt;'>Item 4: Interactive Dialogue on the Situation of Human Rights in Burundi</span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt;'>Genf, 18 September 2017</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p align="right" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: right;"><i style="mso-bidi-font-style: normal;"><span style="mso-ansi-language: EN-US;"><font face="Calibri" size="3">Check against delivery!</font></span></i></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p align="center" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: center; line-height: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt;'>&nbsp;</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='color: black; line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt;'>&nbsp;</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='color: black; line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt;'>Mr. President,</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='color: black; line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt;'>Estonia fully aligns itself with the EU statement. We thank the Commission for presenting their comprehensive report that gives an insight to the human rights violations in Burundi, some of which may amount to crimes against humanity. </span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='color: black; line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt;'>&nbsp;</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='color: black; line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt;'>Estonia expresses grave concern over the reported extrajudicial executions, arbitrary arrests and detentions, enforced disappearances, acts of torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment and sexual violence. We call on the government of Burundi to conduct independent and impartial investigations into these violations, to ensure that the alleged perpetrators are prosecuted and that the victims receive reparations. </span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='color: black; line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt;'>&nbsp;</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='color: black; line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt;'>We find it worrisome that the judiciary’s lack of independence, has sustained the impunity prevailing in the country, and thus support the call of the Commission for a thorough reform of the judiciary. We strongly invite Burundi to reconsider their decision to withdraw from the Rome Statute, and to cooperate fully with the International Criminal Court, as it is crucial for victims of grave crimes to receive justice. </span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='color: black; line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt;'>&nbsp;</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='color: black; line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt;'>Estonia notes with concern the government’s continued use of repressive measures against human rights defenders and suspension of civil society organizations. We call on the government of Burundi to guarantee the freedom of expression, association, and assembly, and address hate speech. We expect Burundi as a member of the Council, to uphold the highest standards in the promotion and protection of human rights and to fully cooperate with all Council mechanisms, and</span><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt;'> with the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights</span><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN;'>. </span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN;'>&nbsp;</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN;'>Finally, we would like to express our support to the recommendation of the Commission to extend their mandate, to conduct further investigations of the ongoing human rights violations.</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='color: black; line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt;'>&nbsp;</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='color: black; line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt;'>Thank you.</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font> Mon, 18 Sep 2017 09:53:55 GMT http://genf.vm.ee/est/esileht/koned_ja_artiklid/aid-1747 Eesti sõnavõtt Inimõiguste Nõukogu 36. sessioonil, 4. punkti juures interaktiivsel dialoogil uurimiskomisjoniga Süüria Araabia Vabariigi teemal http://genf.vm.ee/est/esileht/koned_ja_artiklid/aid-1744 <font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-bidi-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-bidi-theme-font: minor-bidi; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>Inimõiguste Nõukogu 36. sessioon</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p align="center" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: center; line-height: 150%;"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-bidi-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-bidi-theme-font: minor-bidi; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>&nbsp;</span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p align="center" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: center; line-height: 150%;"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-bidi-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-bidi-theme-font: minor-bidi; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>Intervention by H.E. Ambassador Andre Pung, ESTONIA</span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p align="center" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: center; line-height: 150%;"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-bidi-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-bidi-theme-font: minor-bidi; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>&nbsp;</span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; line-height: 150%;"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-bidi-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-bidi-theme-font: minor-bidi; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>Item 4 – ID with the Commission of Inquiry on the Syrian Arab Republic </span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-bidi-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-bidi-theme-font: minor-bidi; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>Genf, 18<sup> </sup>september 2017</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p align="right" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: right;"><i style="mso-bidi-font-style: normal;"><span lang="ET"><font face="Calibri" size="3">Check against delivery!</font></span></i></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-bidi-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-bidi-theme-font: minor-bidi; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>&nbsp;</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB; mso-no-proof: yes;'>&nbsp;</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB; mso-no-proof: yes;'>Mr. President,</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB; mso-no-proof: yes;'>&nbsp;</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB; mso-bidi-font-weight: bold; mso-no-proof: yes;'>Estonia aligns itself fully with the statement made by the EU. We would like to thank the Commission of Inquiry for their thorough raport presented at this session.</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB; mso-bidi-font-weight: bold; mso-no-proof: yes;'>&nbsp;</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%; mso-outline-level: 1;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB; mso-bidi-font-weight: bold; mso-no-proof: yes;'>Estonia finds unacceptable the grave crimes perpetrated against civilians by the parties to the conflict – especially against religious minorities and vulnerable groups, such as women and children –, and the use of seige to limit the delivery of vital humanitarian assistance to the suffering Syrian populations. We condemn the continuing deliberate attacks targeting </span><span style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US;'>schools, hospitals and other </span><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB; mso-bidi-font-weight: bold; mso-no-proof: yes;'>protected civilian infrastructure, using forced displacement, and starvation as a weapon of war. </span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%; mso-outline-level: 1;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB; mso-bidi-font-weight: bold; mso-no-proof: yes;'>&nbsp;</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%; mso-outline-level: 1;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB; mso-bidi-font-weight: bold; mso-no-proof: yes;'>The use of chemical weapons by the government forces in opposition-held areas as reported by the Commission of Inquiry is deeply concerning. It is a violation of international humanitarian law and the Convention on Chemical Weapons and may amount to war crime and crime against humanity. Thus, we remind the obligations taken by Syria as a party to the convention since 2013, and call on all parties to the Syrian conflict to facilitate the investigations of these attacks. </span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%; mso-outline-level: 1;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB; mso-bidi-font-weight: bold; mso-no-proof: yes;'>&nbsp;</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%; mso-outline-level: 1;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB; mso-bidi-font-weight: bold; mso-no-proof: yes;'>Estonia urges all parties to the conflict to continue negotiations for a political solution to the Syrian conflict, under the auspices of the United Nations and take every feasible measure to spare the civilian population from the harmful effects of the ongoing armed conflict. We call on all parties involved in the conflict to cooperate fully with the international, impartial and independent mechanism established by the UN General Assembly resolution in December 2016. Their work will be essential in ensuring that impunity does not prevail in this conflict and that all perpetrators are held accountable. We reitirate our support for referral of the situation to the International Criminal Court (ICC), to guarantee that all victims would receive justice. </span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%; mso-outline-level: 1;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB; mso-bidi-font-weight: bold; mso-no-proof: yes;'>&nbsp;</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB; mso-bidi-font-weight: bold; mso-no-proof: yes;'>Lastly, we call on the Syrian authorities to cooperate fully with the Human Rights Council mechanisms and the Commission of Inquiry by granting immediate, full and unfettered access throughout the Syrian Arab Republic.</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB; mso-bidi-font-weight: bold; mso-no-proof: yes;'>&nbsp;</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB; mso-bidi-font-weight: bold; mso-no-proof: yes;'>Thank you.</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font> Mon, 18 Sep 2017 20:51:06 GMT http://genf.vm.ee/est/esileht/koned_ja_artiklid/aid-1744 Eesti sõnavõtt Inimõiguste Nõukogu 36. sessioonil, iga-aastasel arutelul soo perspektiivi integreerimise teemal http://genf.vm.ee/est/esileht/koned_ja_artiklid/aid-1742 <font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>Inimõiguste Nõukogu 36. sessioon</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; line-height: 150%;"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>&nbsp;</span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p align="center" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: center; line-height: 150%;"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>Nordic-Baltic Intervention by H.E. Ambassador Andre Pung, Estonia</span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; line-height: 150%;"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>&nbsp;</span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; line-height: 150%;"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>&nbsp;</span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; line-height: 150%;"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>Annual discussion on the integration of a gender perspective </span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>Genf, 15. september 2017</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p align="right" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt 354.15pt; text-align: right;"><i style="mso-bidi-font-style: normal;"><span lang="ET"><font face="Calibri" size="3">Check against delivery</font></span></i></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>&nbsp;</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>Mr. President,</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>Distinguished panellists,</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="background: white; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style="mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;"><font face="Times New Roman" size="3">I have the honour of making this intervention <b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;">on behalf of Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Latvia, Lithuania, Norway, Sweden </b>and<b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;"> Estonia</b>.</font></span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="background: white; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style="mso-ansi-language: EN-GB; mso-fareast-font-family: Calibri; mso-fareast-theme-font: minor-latin; mso-fareast-language: EN-US;"><font face="Times New Roman" size="3">Women and girls are entitled to live with dignity, with full respect for their integrity, and free from fear and discrimination. </font></span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="background: white; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style="mso-ansi-language: EN-GB; mso-fareast-font-family: Calibri; mso-fareast-theme-font: minor-latin; mso-fareast-language: EN-US;"><font face="Times New Roman" size="3">Discrimination against women and girls should not be accepted under any circumstances. There should be zero tolerance of harmful practices and we should not accept anything but ensuring women’s full and effective participation at all levels of decision-making in the political, economic and public life. It is also our belief that we cannot progress with equality unless we ensure universal access to sexual and reproductive health and rights to all women and girls.</font></span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="background: white; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style="mso-ansi-language: EN-GB; mso-fareast-font-family: Calibri; mso-fareast-theme-font: minor-latin; mso-fareast-language: EN-US;"><font face="Times New Roman" size="3">The fulfilment of women’s and girls’ rights as well as ensuring gender equality are crucial elements in the fight against poverty and in ensuring sustainable development.</font></span><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Calibri",sans-serif; font-size: 11pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-bidi-font-weight: bold; mso-fareast-font-family: Calibri; mso-fareast-theme-font: minor-latin; mso-fareast-language: EN-US; mso-ascii-theme-font: minor-latin; mso-hansi-theme-font: minor-latin; mso-bidi-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-bidi-theme-font: minor-bidi;'> </span><font size="3"><font face="Times New Roman"><span style="mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-bidi-font-weight: bold; mso-fareast-font-family: Calibri; mso-fareast-theme-font: minor-latin; mso-fareast-language: EN-US;">Combating and eliminating all forms of violence against women is also a necessary precondition, as it has an enormous negative economic impact on entire societies</span><span lang="EN-GB" style="mso-ansi-language: EN-GB; mso-fareast-font-family: Calibri; mso-fareast-theme-font: minor-latin; mso-fareast-language: EN-US;">. Therefore, raising awareness and collecting data about these costs gives a strong additional incentive to seek gender equality as a factor of global economic prosperity.</span><span lang="EN-GB" style="mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-bidi-font-weight: bold; mso-fareast-font-family: Calibri; mso-fareast-theme-font: minor-latin; mso-fareast-language: EN-US;"> </span><span style="mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-bidi-font-weight: bold; mso-fareast-font-family: Calibri; mso-fareast-theme-font: minor-latin; mso-fareast-language: EN-US;"><span style="mso-spacerun: yes;">&nbsp;</span>In our countries, we have experienced&nbsp;how&nbsp;important&nbsp;women’s empowerment is for&nbsp;inclusive social and economic development.</span><span style="mso-ansi-language: EN-GB; mso-fareast-font-family: Calibri; mso-fareast-theme-font: minor-latin; mso-fareast-language: EN-US;"> <span lang="EN-GB">While non-discrimination is first and foremost a human right, striving for gender equality further has positive spill-over effects that benefits the whole society. Research has also revealed that gender equality also benefits the well-being and health of individual men and women.</span></span></font></font></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="background: white; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style="mso-ansi-language: EN-GB; mso-fareast-font-family: Calibri; mso-fareast-language: EN-US;"><font face="Times New Roman" size="3">Through the 2030 agenda and its SDGs, in particular goal 3 and 5, States have committed to advancing gender equality and women’s empowerment, including women’s right to control their own bodies and sexuality. Here, the UPR can play an important part in helping to mainstream the human rights of women and girls.</font></span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="background: white; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style="mso-ansi-language: EN-GB; mso-fareast-font-family: Calibri; mso-fareast-theme-font: minor-latin; mso-fareast-language: EN-US;"><font face="Times New Roman" size="3">The UPR is a unique tool in that it allows each state the opportunity to evaluate, first and foremost, our own progress and achievements, as well as shortcomings, to lead the way to better implementation, also by advancing national dialogue and engaging different stakeholders, including women and girls. A large number of UPR recommendations do relate to the rights of women and girls. We call upon states to use women’s rights as a lens in both policy-making and in implementing the recommendations. </font></span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="background: white; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style="mso-ansi-language: EN-GB; mso-fareast-font-family: Calibri; mso-fareast-theme-font: minor-latin; mso-fareast-language: EN-US;"><font face="Times New Roman" size="3">Just as the UPR and the 2030 Agenda are universal tools, the enjoyment of all human rights by every woman and girl should be a universal reality!</font></span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="background: white; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style="mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;"><font face="Times New Roman" size="3">Thank you!</font></span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font> Fri, 15 Sep 2017 19:32:24 GMT http://genf.vm.ee/est/esileht/koned_ja_artiklid/aid-1742 Eesti sõnavõtt Inimõiguste Nõukogu 36. sessioonil, 2. punkti üld-debatil http://genf.vm.ee/est/esileht/koned_ja_artiklid/aid-1741 <font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>Inimõiguste Nõukogu 36. sessioon</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p align="center" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: center; line-height: 150%;"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>&nbsp;</span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p align="center" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: center; line-height: 150%;"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>&nbsp;</span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p align="center" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: center; line-height: 150%;"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>Intervention by ESTONIA</span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; line-height: 150%;"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>&nbsp;</span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; line-height: 150%;"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>Item 2 – General Debate</span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>Genf, 12 september 2017</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p align="right" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: right; line-height: 150%;"><i style="mso-bidi-font-style: normal;"><span lang="ET"><font face="Calibri" size="3">Check against delivery!</font></span></i></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>&nbsp;</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>Mr President,</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>Distinguished High Commissioner,</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 10pt; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style="mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;"><font face="Calibri" size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>Estonia fully aligns itself with the statement made by the European Union. </span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>&nbsp;</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>We would like to thank the High Commissioner and his Office for bringing to our attention the most serious human rights violations in far too many countries. We agree with the High Commissioner that the fight against drugs, terrorism or violent extremism should not come at the expense of human rights, nor should it be used as a pretence for suffocating civil society space. Additional focus by this Council should be granted to the prevention of and prompt response to human rights emergencies. It is also paramount that human rights defenders and civil society organisations can engage with the Council without the fear and threat of reprisals. We welcome initiatives in the Council this session to further strengthen these aims.</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>&nbsp;</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>In order to uphold the credibility of the Council, all States, including Council members, need to do a far better job to uphold the highest standards in the promotion and protection of human rights and to cooperate fully with the Council and its mechanisms. We also agree with the High Commissioner - we as States need to become more consistent in our human rights commitments in our internal and external activities. </span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>&nbsp;</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>Mr High Commissioner, </span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>Far too many human rights violations are committed in places that are so-called grey zones in terms of accountability, out of the physical reach of observing eyes. We would like to ask whether there have been any developments concerning access by OHCHR or other international observers to the occupied and<strong> </strong>illegally annexed territories of <strong>Ukraine</strong>, and regions of <strong>Georgia</strong> to monitor the human rights situation?</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>&nbsp;</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>Thank you.</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font> Tue, 12 Sep 2017 19:34:09 GMT http://genf.vm.ee/est/esileht/koned_ja_artiklid/aid-1741 Eesti sõnavõtt põgenike globaalse kompakti esimesel temaatilisel sessioonil http://genf.vm.ee/est/esileht/koned_ja_artiklid/aid-1738 <p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; line-height: 115%;"><a name="top"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style="mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;"><font face="Times New Roman"><font size="3">Global Compact on Refugees, 1</font><sup><font size="2">st</font></sup><font size="3"> thematic session</font></font></span></b></a></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"></font><p align="center" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: center; line-height: 115%;"><span style="mso-bookmark: top;"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style="mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;"><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"><br></font></span></b></span></p><p align="center" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: center; line-height: 115%;"><span style="mso-bookmark: top;"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style="mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;"><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"><br></font></span></b></span></p><p align="center" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: center; line-height: 115%;"><span style="mso-bookmark: top;"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style="mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;"><font face="Times New Roman" size="3">Remarks by ESTONIA</font></span></b></span></p><p align="center" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: center; line-height: 115%;"><span style="mso-bookmark: top;"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style="mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;"><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"><br></font></span></b></span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"></font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; line-height: 115%;"><span style="mso-bookmark: top;"><span lang="EN-GB" style="mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;"><font face="Times New Roman" size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"></font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; line-height: 115%;"><span style="mso-bookmark: top;"><span lang="EN-GB" style="mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;"><font face="Times New Roman"><font size="3">Genf, 10 j</font><font size="3">uuli 2017</font></font></span></span></p><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; line-height: 115%;"><span style="mso-bookmark: top;"><span lang="EN-GB" style="mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;"><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"><br></font></span></span></p><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; line-height: 115%;"><span style="mso-bookmark: top;"><span lang="EN-GB" style="mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;"><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"><br></font></span></span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"></font><p align="right" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: right; line-height: 115%;"><span style="mso-bookmark: top;"><span lang="EN-GB" style="mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;"><font size="3"><font face="Times New Roman">&nbsp;<i style="mso-bidi-font-style: normal;">Check against delivery</i></font></font></span></span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"></font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 115%;"><span style="mso-bookmark: top;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 115%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>Thank you, Mr. Co-Chair,</span></span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"></font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 115%;"><span style="mso-bookmark: top;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 115%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>Estonia aligns itself with the statement to be delivered by the European Union.</span></span><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 115%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'> </span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"></font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 115%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 115%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>Allow me to thank UNHCR for thorough and timely background documentation and all panelists for their insightful remarks. </span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"></font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 115%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 115%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>Estonia stands firmly behind the New York Declaration and the adopted Comprehensive Refugee Response Framework. Both documents need to translate into action, now. In this regard, we thank the UNHCR for its leadership and we extend our appreciation to the nine official roll-out countries that are already implementing the CRRF. </span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"></font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 115%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 115%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>On burden- and responsibility sharing arrangements, Estonia lives up to its commitments and has been contributing to international relief efforts since 1998 through humanitarian and development aid instruments. We tripled our contributions between 2011 and 2015 in response to the global needs. The Syrian situation response and Afghanistan are among the priority areas of the Estonian development aid and relief actions. In 2016, Estonia started resettlement activities and participates in intra-European solidarity and responsibility sharing efforts. </span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"></font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 115%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 115%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>This said, Estonia fully recognises the need for further global burden and responsibility sharing. We believe that the key elements of successful burden sharing are partnerships at all levels, innovative funding, early and timely disbursement of all humanitarian pledges, better cooperation between humanitarian and development actors, inclusion of refugees to development planning and financing, experience sharing and capacity building, political will and leadership, complementarity with other global initiatives such as the 2030 Agenda, and abidance with international law, including the 1951 Refugee Convention and Human Rights Law. <span style="mso-spacerun: yes;">&nbsp;</span></span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"></font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 115%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 115%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>Allow me to underline two elements of the European burden sharing efforts that the European Union already mentioned earlier in its statement. One is the Common European Asylum System reform that Estonia as the current Presidency of the Council of the European Union is committed to bring forward, sparing no effort. Second is a new approach to forced displacement that the EU adopted a year ago. This approach is development-oriented and aims at moving from aid-dependence to self-reliance. UNHCR has positively acknowledged that the new EU approach to forced displacement is well in line with the CRRF, supporting its roll-out and such initiatives are examples of current good practices. </span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"></font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 115%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 115%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>Concerning the core gaps and lessons learnt, I wish to make 3 points. </span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"></font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 115%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 115%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>Firstly, the CRRF as well as the Global Compact on Refugees is a Global Public Good, and responsibility and burden must be shared. The burden sharing must not remain a responsibility of only governments, but include all key stakeholders on the local, national, regional and international level: a comprehensive response can only be achieved by including all relevant actors. A good example of regional cooperation regarding the CRRF was the recent IGAD Summit, which resulted in the Nairobi Declaration. The IGAD Summit was also a good practice showcasing political will and leadership in the area. </span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"></font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 115%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 115%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>Secondly, there is a need to assure coherence between the global compact on refugees and the one on migrants, although these are well two distinct processes. </span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"></font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 115%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 115%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>Thirdly, although UNHCR is working with IDPs in certain contexts, especially in situations of mixed flows of displacement, the IDPs are not covered by the two compacts. Therefore, we believe that the international community has to find ways to tackle the wider approach to IDP situations in the coming years as the protection needs, effects and impact of displacement, are similar regardless whether the displacement is cross-border or internal. </span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"></font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 115%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 115%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>&nbsp;</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"></font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 115%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 115%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>Thank you!</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"></font><font face="Times New Roman" size="3">&nbsp;</font> Mon, 10 Jul 2017 14:35:18 GMT http://genf.vm.ee/est/esileht/koned_ja_artiklid/aid-1738 Eesti sõnavõtt Maailma Terviseorganisatsiooni foorumil alkoholi, uimastite ja sõltuvustlike käitumiste teemadel http://genf.vm.ee/est/esileht/koned_ja_artiklid/aid-1735 <font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 105%;"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 105%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>WHO Forum on alcohol, drugs and addictive behaviours</span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p align="center" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; text-align: center; line-height: 105%;"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 105%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'><br></span></b></p><p align="center" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; text-align: center; line-height: 105%;"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 105%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>ESTONIAN statement</span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; line-height: 105%;"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 105%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>Genf, 28 juuni 2017</span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; line-height: 105%;"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 105%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>&nbsp;</span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 105%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 105%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>First of all, we would like to thank the WHO for convening this forum, the participants for bringing it to life, and state that Estonia is taking careful note of everything that is being said during these 3 days.</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 105%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 105%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>Tackling alcohol related harm is a matter Estonia takes very seriously, and we would therefore like to take a few minutes to share some of the actions we are taking and seek to take with our partners to reduce the burden of alcohol on our health, social system, workforce and economy. </span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 105%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 105%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>Since 2009, awareness campaigns have been carried out in Estonia every single year, the excise rates have risen yearly since 2012 and we have launched a special programme to improve the quality and accessibility of treatment and counselling, as well as initiated rehabilitation projects for drunk-drivers. Right now, Estonia is in the process of revamping its regulations on alcohol marketing, implementing the elements of Loi Evin, whilst also limiting the display of alcohol in shops. It is through steady efforts like these that we have managed to reduce our alcohol intake from 11.8 litres of pure alcohol per person to 9.9 in two years’ time. The road ahead of us remains long, but we are fortunate enough to be accompanied and guided by our civil society organizations and by our friends and partners internationally</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 105%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 105%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>During our struggle to tackle alcohol related harm, we have experienced how closely we are connected in today’s open, borderless world. Though we celebrate open borders, we also recognize that they can make it difficult for a country to tackle alcohol-related harm. A country’s efforts to raise the prices of alcoholic beverages by taxation may be diluted by cross-border shopping, whilst attempts to curb young people’s exposure to marketing are watered down by cross-border and internet marketing. </span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 105%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 105%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>It is because of this that during our upcoming Presidency of the Council of the European Union we will focus on having a discussion on cross-border aspects of alcohol policy. In addition to health, we would also like to invite sectors such as agriculture, culture and finances&nbsp;to the discussion, as they all have a significant impact on the consumption of alcohol, and can therefore play an important role in reducing the related harm.</span><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 105%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: ET;'> </span><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 105%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>In seeking to reach a common understanding among EU member states, we do not anticipate an immediate breakthrough, yet we believe that the burden of alcohol abuse calls for more action, not for one, but for all countries together. </span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 105%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 105%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>Thank you!</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify;"><span style='font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt;'>&nbsp;</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font> Wed, 28 Jun 2017 13:36:18 GMT http://genf.vm.ee/est/esileht/koned_ja_artiklid/aid-1735 Eesti sõnavõtt desarmeerimise konverentsi mitteametlikul kohtumisel liikmesuse laiendamise teemal http://genf.vm.ee/est/esileht/koned_ja_artiklid/aid-1732 <font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 6pt 0cm;"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 115%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt;'>Conference on Disarmament informal meeting on Expansion of the Membership</span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 6pt 0cm;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 115%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt;'>&nbsp;</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 6pt 0cm;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 115%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt;'>Genf, 13 juuni 2017</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 6pt 0cm 10pt;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 115%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt;'>&nbsp;</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 6pt 0cm 10pt;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 115%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt;'>Mr. President,</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 6pt 0cm 10pt; text-align: justify;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 115%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt;'>First, let me congratulate Slovakia on the assumption of the CD Presidency and thank you for your initiative to organise the informal discussions to consider the issue of the expansion of the CD membership.</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 6pt 0cm 10pt; text-align: justify;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 115%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt;'>While we fully align with the statements by the EU and the Informal Group of Observer States (IGOS), Estonia would like to highlight a few important points. </span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 6pt 0cm 10pt; text-align: justify;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 115%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-fareast-language: ET;'>Efforts to break the deadlock in CD will continue to require sustained political will and creative thinking from all CD members. In this respect, we believe that CD would benefit from transparency and inclusiveness.</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 6pt 0cm 10pt; text-align: justify;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 115%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-fareast-language: ET;'>The Conference on Disarmament (CD) has the crucial role to negotiate multilateral disarmament treaties according to its mandate. We believe that such negotiations, and discussions on matters of global importance, such as disarmament, must be addressed in universally representative bodies, and should include all sovereign states, who wish to be part of it.</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 6pt 0cm 10pt; text-align: justify;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 115%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-fareast-language: ET;'>Thus, we underline the importance of continuing consultations on the expansion of CD membership and strongly support the appointment of a special coordinator in this respect.</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 6pt 0cm 10pt; text-align: justify;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 115%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-fareast-language: ET;'>Thank you, Mr President.</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font> Tue, 13 Jun 2017 13:10:15 GMT http://genf.vm.ee/est/esileht/koned_ja_artiklid/aid-1732 Eesti sõnavõtt ÜRO Pagulaste Ülemvoliniku Ameti alalise komisjoni 69. sessioonil rahvusvahelise kaitse teemal http://genf.vm.ee/est/esileht/koned_ja_artiklid/aid-1722 <font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%; -ms-text-justify: inter-ideograph;"><b><span lang="EN-GB" style='color: black; line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>The UNHCR Standing Committee 69<sup>th</sup> Session </span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%; -ms-text-justify: inter-ideograph;"><b><span lang="EN-GB" style='color: black; line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>&nbsp;</span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p align="center" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: center; line-height: 150%;"><b><span lang="EN-GB" style='color: black; line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>Remarks by </span></b><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>Estonia</span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%; -ms-text-justify: inter-ideograph;"><b><span lang="EN-GB" style='color: black; line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>&nbsp;</span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%; -ms-text-justify: inter-ideograph;"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>Agenda item 2: “International Protection”</span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p align="right" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: right; line-height: 150%;"><i style="mso-bidi-font-style: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>Check against delivery</span></i></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%; -ms-text-justify: inter-ideograph;"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>&nbsp;</span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%; -ms-text-justify: inter-ideograph;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>Geneva, 28<sup>th</sup> June 2017</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%; -ms-text-justify: inter-ideograph;"><i style="mso-bidi-font-style: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>&nbsp;</span></i></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 10pt; line-height: 150%; mso-margin-top-alt: auto; mso-margin-bottom-alt: auto;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB; mso-fareast-language: ET;'>Ms. Chairperson, <br> </span><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'><br> Estonia aligns itself with the statement delivered by the European Union. </span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 10pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%; -ms-text-justify: inter-ideograph; mso-margin-top-alt: auto; mso-margin-bottom-alt: auto;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>Allow me to thank the UNHCR for the presentations and the thorough and rich background documentation for this session. We appreciate that besides underlining the numerous serious challenges, the documentation also highlights solutions.</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 10pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%; -ms-text-justify: inter-ideograph;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB; mso-fareast-language: ET;'>Estonia remains deeply concerned about the growing trend of forced displacement and especially about conflict-induced displacement leading to ever-increasing humanitarian and protection challenges<i style="mso-bidi-font-style: normal;">.</i> T</span><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>he global community has to step up to tackle the root causes of instability and underlying drivers of conflict. </span><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB; mso-fareast-language: ET;'>In this context, the need for respect for international norms, provision of protection and finding political solutions cannot be over-emphasised. </span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 10pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%; -ms-text-justify: inter-ideograph;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>The New York Declaration and the adoption of the Comprehensive Refugee Response Framework was an important milestone in 2016. As the Assistant High Commissioner on protection Mr. Volker Türk emphasised, the </span><span lang="ET" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt;'>New York Declaration</span><span lang="ET" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'> </span><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>lays the ground for positive change to the current deteriorating protection trends. We fully agree with the note on international protection in that the commitments of the New York Declaration need to translate to action, now. In this regard, Estonia lives up to its commitments and is committed to supporting communities and countries receiving large numbers of forcibly displaced persons and contributing to increasing the international cooperation including through more equitable responsibility sharing. Estonia is one of the States that started resettlement activities in 2016 and in this regard, we thank the UNHCR for its advice and support in developing effective national procedures and reception capacity. </span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 10pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%; -ms-text-justify: inter-ideograph;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>Finally, Estonia shares the views voiced by Denmark and others that the wider approach to IDP situations is not covered by the two global compacts that the international community is currently developing. Therefore, in the coming years, there is need to find ways to tackle this gap.</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 10pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%; -ms-text-justify: inter-ideograph;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>Thank you!</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font> Wed, 28 Jun 2017 13:53:12 GMT http://genf.vm.ee/est/esileht/koned_ja_artiklid/aid-1722 Eesti sõnavõtt ECOSOC Humanitaar segmendil http://genf.vm.ee/est/esileht/koned_ja_artiklid/aid-1720 <p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; line-height: 150%;"><b><span lang="EN-GB" style='color: black; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-themecolor: text1; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'><font size="3">ECOSOC Humanitaar Segment</font></span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"></font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='color: black; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-themecolor: text1; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB; mso-bidi-font-weight: bold;'><font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"></font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; line-height: 150%;"><font size="3"><b><span lang="EN-GB" style='color: black; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-themecolor: text1; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>Remarks by H.E. Mr. Andre Pung, Ambassador, Permanent Representative </span></b><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>of the Republic of Estonia<span style="color: black; mso-themecolor: text1; mso-bidi-font-weight: bold;"> to the United Nations in Geneva</span></span></b></font></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"></font><p align="center" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: center; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='color: black; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-themecolor: text1; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB; mso-bidi-font-weight: bold;'><font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"></font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='color: black; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-themecolor: text1; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB; mso-bidi-font-weight: bold;'><font size="3">Genf, 21 j</font><font size="3">uuni 2017</font></span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"></font><p align="right" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: right; line-height: 150%;"><i style="mso-bidi-font-style: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='color: black; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-themecolor: text1; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'><font size="3">Check against delivery</font></span></i></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"></font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%; -ms-text-justify: inter-ideograph;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='color: black; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-themecolor: text1; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'><font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"></font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%; -ms-text-justify: inter-ideograph;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='color: black; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-themecolor: text1; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'><font size="3">Thank you Mr. Chair, </font></span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"></font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%; -ms-text-justify: inter-ideograph;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='color: black; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-themecolor: text1; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'><font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"></font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%; -ms-text-justify: inter-ideograph;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='color: black; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; mso-themecolor: text1; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'><font size="3">Estonia aligns itself with the statement delivered by Malta on behalf of the European Union and we would like to make some additional remarks in our national capacity.</font></span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"></font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%; -ms-text-justify: inter-ideograph;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='color: black; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; mso-themecolor: text1; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'><font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"></font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%; -ms-text-justify: inter-ideograph;"><font size="3"><span lang="EN-GB" style='color: black; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-themecolor: text1; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>We welcome ECOSOC Humanitarian Affairs Segment as a global platform enabling discussion on innovative and forward-looking humanitarian action. Estonia appreciates the Secretary-General’s report on “Strengthening of the Coordination of Emergency Humanitarian Assistance of the United Nations.”&nbsp;</span><span lang="EN-GB" style='color: black; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; mso-themecolor: text1; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB; mso-bidi-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-bidi-theme-font: minor-bidi;'>Yet, it is with great concern that we echo the words of the Secretary-General that due to the unprecedented needs, “<u>the importance of effective and principled humanitarian action is greater than ever</u>.” </span></font></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"></font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%; -ms-text-justify: inter-ideograph;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='color: black; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; mso-themecolor: text1; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB; mso-bidi-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-bidi-theme-font: minor-bidi;'><font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"></font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%; -ms-text-justify: inter-ideograph;"><font size="3"><span lang="EN-GB" style='color: black; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-themecolor: text1; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>Please allow me to start by stressing that </span><span lang="EN-GB" style='color: black; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; mso-themecolor: text1; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB; mso-bidi-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-bidi-theme-font: minor-bidi;'>the number <u>of protracted crises, the extent of forced displacement, and the widespread global food insecurity, including countries facing famine or the risk thereof,</u> have reached unprecedented and very worrying levels. </span><span lang="EN-GB" style='color: black; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; mso-themecolor: text1; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>We remain deeply concerned about the growing trend of conflict-induced displacement leading to ever increasing humanitarian challenges, such as in Nigeria, South Sudan, Syria, Iraq and Yemen. Geographically even closer, still looms the conflict-driven humanitarian crisis in Ukraine, where millions remain affected and in need. </span></font></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"></font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%; -ms-text-justify: inter-ideograph;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='color: black; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; mso-themecolor: text1; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'><font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"></font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%; -ms-text-justify: inter-ideograph;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='color: black; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; mso-themecolor: text1; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'><font size="3">A large proportion of those in need of protection are children, who make up approximately half the total of the world’s 65.6 million forcibly displaced people. Children are particularly vulnerable in emergencies and face increased risks of violence, exploitation and abuse. Children’s unique protection needs must be addressed and there is an urgent need to ensure that the world’s 3.7 million refugee children and one fourth of the 109.2 million school-age children in conflict-affected countries who are not attending school gain access to quality education.</font></span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"></font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%; -ms-text-justify: inter-ideograph;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='color: black; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; mso-themecolor: text1; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'><font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"></font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%; -ms-text-justify: inter-ideograph;"><font size="3"><span lang="EN-GB" style='color: black; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; mso-themecolor: text1; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB; mso-bidi-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-bidi-theme-font: minor-bidi;'>Moreover, </span><span lang="EN-GB" style='color: black; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-themecolor: text1; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>Estonia shares the grave concern about the ongoing violations of <u>International Humanitarian Law</u>, impunity, diminishing humanitarian space and lack of humanitarian access. <span style="background: white;">We emphasise the need </span></span><span lang="EN-GB" style='color: black; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; mso-themecolor: text1; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>for Member States, the United Nations and humanitarian organisations to condemn instances of such violations strongly, consistently and systematically. </span></font></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"></font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%; -ms-text-justify: inter-ideograph;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='color: black; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; mso-themecolor: text1; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'><font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"></font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%; -ms-text-justify: inter-ideograph;"><font size="3"><span lang="EN-GB" style='color: black; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; mso-themecolor: text1; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>In this context, </span><span lang="EN-GB" style='color: black; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-themecolor: text1; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>Estonia remains committed to adapting and responding to the ever-growing humanitarian needs in complex emergencies and natural disasters. Since </span><span lang="EN-GB" style='color: black; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; mso-themecolor: text1; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>the World Humanitarian Summit, Estonia has been stepping up our efforts in the areas of speaking out on violations, reducing and addressing displacement, transcending humanitarian-development divides, protecting vulnerable groups including children, providing access to education, and empowering and protecting women and girls. Under Grand Bargain commitments, Estonia reported considerable progress on increased non-earmarked and softly earmarked funding. We also look with particular attention into stepping up multi-year funding and increasing support for local responders. We remain committed to achieving more around those commitments in the years to come.</span></font></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"></font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%; -ms-text-justify: inter-ideograph;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='color: black; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-themecolor: text1; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'><font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"></font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%; -ms-text-justify: inter-ideograph;"><font size="3"><span lang="EN-GB" style='color: black; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-themecolor: text1; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>But the new challenges call for <u>new approaches and innovative solutions, </u></span><span lang="EN-GB" style='color: black; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; mso-themecolor: text1; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>including working with partners outside the humanitarian sector</span><span lang="EN-GB" style='color: black; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-themecolor: text1; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>. Yet at the same time, we must stay focused and committed to the core <u>humanitarian values</u>. Humanitarian activities should remain </span><span lang="EN-GB" style='color: black; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; mso-themecolor: text1; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>exclusively humanitarian in nature and comply with the principles of humanity, neutrality, impartiality and independence.</span></font></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"></font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%; -ms-text-justify: inter-ideograph;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='color: black; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-themecolor: text1; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'><font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"></font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%; -ms-text-justify: inter-ideograph;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='color: black; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-themecolor: text1; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'><font size="3">Humanitarian action can only be strengthened when working together. Working <u>better</u> together. Indeed, a lot has also been done. Nonetheless, a lot remains to be done. It is thereby crucial to draw on the new opportunities presented by recent global agreements, frameworks and initiatives such as the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, the World Humanitarian Summit, including the Grand Bargain, the Paris Agreement on Climate Change, the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction, and the New York Declaration for Refugees and Migrants including the adopted Comprehensive Refugee Response Framework and commitments to develop two distinct compacts to globally better respond to large movements of refugees and migrants.</font></span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"></font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%; -ms-text-justify: inter-ideograph;"><font face="Cambria" size="3">&nbsp;</font></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"></font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%; -ms-text-justify: inter-ideograph;"><font size="3"><span lang="EN-GB" style='color: black; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-themecolor: text1; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>We are all part of the humanitarian ecosystem where the reality of emergencies and crises are stretching the capacity of this system. In this context, the need for respect for international norms, for new and innovative approaches to humanitarian affairs, and for political solutions cannot be over-emphasised. Prevention, preparedness and context-based approaches are crucial prerequisites for better humanitarian action. Yet without a substantially higher political commitment to address the underlying causes of man-made humanitarian crises, durable solutions are obut of reach. Estonia remains committed to working together</span><span lang="EN-GB" style='color: black; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; mso-themecolor: text1; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>, recognising that the efficiency and effectiveness of humanitarian action requires urgent commitment and involvement of all actors.</span></font></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"></font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%; -ms-text-justify: inter-ideograph;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='color: black; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; mso-themecolor: text1; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'><font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"></font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%; -ms-text-justify: inter-ideograph;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='color: black; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-themecolor: text1; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'><font size="3">Thank you.</font></span></p><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%; -ms-text-justify: inter-ideograph;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='color: black; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-themecolor: text1; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'><font size="3"><br></font></span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"></font> Wed, 21 Jun 2017 12:33:03 GMT http://genf.vm.ee/est/esileht/koned_ja_artiklid/aid-1720 Eesti sõnavõtt globaalse kompakti raames korraldatud kolmandal temaatilisel sessioonil http://genf.vm.ee/est/esileht/koned_ja_artiklid/aid-1719 <p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt;'><strong>Remarks by Riia Salsa, Deputy Permanent Representative of Estonia to the UN in Geneva at the third thematic session of the UN Global Compact for Safe, Orderly and Regular Migration </strong></span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"></font><p align="right" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; text-align: right; line-height: 150%;"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;"><span style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt;'>&nbsp;</span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"></font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;"><span style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt;'>Panel 1: International cooperation and governance of migration in all its dimensions</span></b></p><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt;'>Genf, 19&nbsp;ja 20&nbsp;juuni 2017</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"></font><p align="right" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; text-align: right; line-height: 150%;"><i style="mso-bidi-font-style: normal;"><span style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt;'>Check against delivery!</span></i><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;"><span style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt;'><br style="mso-special-character: line-break;"><br style="mso-special-character: line-break;"></span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"></font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt;'>Thank you Mr. Chair,</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"></font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt;'>Allow me to start with thanking the panelists for their insightful remarks and the organisers for the thorough Issues Brief.<span style="mso-spacerun: yes;">&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"></font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt;'>Estonia aligns itself with the statement delivered by the European Union.</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"></font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt;'>As the Issues Brief of this session highlights, the migration governance begins at the national level where sound and inclusive national systems form the basis for regional and international cooperation and governance. In this respect, Estonia pays good attention to ensuring efficient internal and intergovernmental cooperation and regular dialogue between various stakeholders. As an example of best practice, allow me to share that Estonia established in 2015 a devoted migration coordination body that comprises senior representatives from various line ministries and other State institutions. This practice has proved useful in streamlining and updating the relevant regulations and practical approaches in the area of migration. Moreover, we are certain that effective governance of migration has to be based on honest, fast and straightforward communication and cooperation between State authorities, NGO-s and local municipalities. A good example is the very last meeting of the migration coordination body on 9<sup>th</sup> of June, held with the participation of Mr Eugenio Ambrosi, the Regional Director of the IOM, which was open for all stakeholders and resulted in a fruitful discussion on the Global Compact on Migration.</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"></font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt;'>Building on efficient national systems, the international cooperation addressing large movements of migrants has to center and reinforce the principles of solidarity and shared responsibility as outlined in the NY declaration, and protect human rights of all migrants. </span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"></font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt;'>Estonia aims at achieving synergies between different policies, instruments and actions when addressing the migration and contributing to the resilience of our partner countries in addressing the development effect of migration. Aside of the EU Partnership Framework Approach, that the European Union already mentioned, the EU also works on other concrete tools such as the European External Investment Plan (EIP), including the new instrument of European Fund for Sustainable Development (EFSD) that will be an important tool to improve investment climate and to boost economic growth in African countries.</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"></font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt;'>Finally, allow me to highlight the role of IOM as the global lead agency on migration in achieving tangible results regarding global cooperation on migration and migration governance. </span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"></font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt;'>Thank you!</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"></font> Tue, 20 Jun 2017 12:18:22 GMT http://genf.vm.ee/est/esileht/koned_ja_artiklid/aid-1719 Eesti sõnavõtt Inimõiguste Nõukogu 35. sessioonil 10. punkti juures Ukraina temaatilisel dialoogil http://genf.vm.ee/est/esileht/koned_ja_artiklid/aid-1718 <p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; line-height: 150%;"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt;'>ÜRO Inimõiguste Nõukogu 35. sessioon</span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"></font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; line-height: 150%;"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt;'>&nbsp;</span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"></font><p align="center" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: center; line-height: 150%;"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt;'>Intervention by ESTONIA</span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"></font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; line-height: 150%;"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt;'>&nbsp;</span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"></font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt;'>Item 10: Interactive dialogue on the UN High Commissioner’s oral update on UKRAINE</span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"></font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt;'><br></span></p><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt;'>Genf, 21 juuni 2017</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"></font><p align="center" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: center; line-height: 150%;"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt;'>&nbsp;</span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"></font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt;'>Mr. President,</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"></font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt;'>Distinguished High Commissioner,</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"></font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt;'>&nbsp;</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"></font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt;'>Estonia thanks the High Commissioner for his update on Ukraine. We fully align ourselves with statement made by the European Union (EU).</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"></font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt;'>&nbsp;</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"></font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt;'>Estonia is deeply concerned about the human rights situation in the areas of eastern Ukraine, including those currently not controlled by the government.</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"></font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt;'>Security comes first in any conflict resolution process. Instead, we see continuing fighting on the ground, and harassment, intimidation and interference of the work of international monitors by Russian Federation’s proxies. In April, we witnessed the tragic death of a member of an OSCE patrol. The recent, 18<sup>th</sup> report of the OHCHR Human Rights Monitoring Mission in Ukraine (HRMMU) describes an increase in civilian casualties. It is clear that the humanitarian situation on the ground cannot improve before the hostilities stop. In this light, we continue to call on parties for the full implementation of the Minsk agreements.</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"></font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt;'>&nbsp;</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"></font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt;'>Crimea has now been illegally annexed by the Russian Federation for more than three years. The HRMMU report <span style="background: white; color: black;">describes the Crimean illegal authorities retroactively applying criminal law of the Russian Federation, disregarding fair trial guarantees and compelling Crimean residents to serve in the armed forces of the Russian Federation, in violation of the Fourth Geneva Convention.</span> We are highly concerned about the systematic human rights violations, in particular against Crimean Tatars, indigenous peoples of Crimea, and all of the Ukrainian citizens who oppose the illegal annexation. </span><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-fareast-language: FR-CH;'>The Russian Federation, who has <i style="mso-bidi-font-style: normal;">de facto</i> control of Crimea, should immediately release all political prisoners and stop the persecution of journalists critical of the Russian authorities.</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"></font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt;'>Concerned by the fact that access to non-government controlled areas is becoming increasingly limited, we also urge for unrestricted access for Ukrainian and international human rights actors to the whole territory of Ukraine, including the Human Rights Commissioner of the Ukrainian Parliament. </span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"></font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt;'>&nbsp;</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"></font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt;'>Finally, we welcome the reform process in Ukraine that has continued despite the conflict and encourage the government of Ukraine to work with its civil society in further efforts. In this light, we also welcome the initiative brought by Ukraine to this council under item 10, and call on all UN Member States to support it.</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"></font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt;'>&nbsp;</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"></font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt;'>Thank you.</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"></font><font face="Times New Roman" size="3">&nbsp;</font> Wed, 21 Jun 2017 12:27:53 GMT http://genf.vm.ee/est/esileht/koned_ja_artiklid/aid-1718 Eesti sõnavõtt Inimõiguste Nõukogu 35. sessioonil 10. punkti juures Gruusia temaatilisel üld-debatil http://genf.vm.ee/est/esileht/koned_ja_artiklid/aid-1717 <font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; line-height: 150%;"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>ÜRO Inimõiguste Nõukogu 35. sessioon</span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; line-height: 150%;"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>&nbsp;</span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p align="center" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: center; line-height: 150%;"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>Intervention by ESTONIA</span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; line-height: 150%;"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>&nbsp;</span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; line-height: 150%;"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>Item 10 – General Debate. Oral report of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights on Georgia</span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; line-height: 150%;"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>&nbsp;</span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>Genf, 21 juuni 2017</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>&nbsp;</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>Mr President,</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>Mr High Commissioner,</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>&nbsp;</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>Estonia aligns itself with the statement delivered by the European Union. We would like to thank the director of the field operations and technical cooperation division of the OHCHR for the oral update on the follow-up to the resolution on Cooperation with Georgia, which we fully support. </span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>&nbsp;</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>We express our concern over the recent developments in the occupied territories of Georgia, including Abkhazia and South Ossetia. The humanitarian and human rights situation remains worrisome. Restricting the freedom of movement in Abkhazia by closing two crossing-points in the lower part of Gali region causes the people further disruptions to their everyday lives. Forced re-naturalization of Georgian citizens and imposing several restrictions on the right to education in native language, as well as neglecting social and economic rights, demonstrates how the <i>de facto </i>authorities consistently violate the fundamental rights and freedoms of people living on both sides of the administrative boundary line. </span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>&nbsp;</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>We call on the <i style="mso-bidi-font-style: normal;">de facto</i> authorities to permit the staff of the Office of the High Commissioner (OHCHR) and other international humanitarian and human rights organizations full access to the Georgian territories of Abkhazia and South Ossetia.</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>&nbsp;</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>Furthermore, Estonia condemns the so-called Presidential elections and referendum on amending the name of the Georgian occupied region of South-Ossetia that took place on the 9<sup>th</sup> of April. We find those actions illegal. Estonia does not recognize the outcome of the elections and they do not change the status of these territories nor legitimise the illegal occupation. These steps undermine efforts to find a peaceful resolution to the conflict, and therefore damage security and stability in the region. Estonia reaffirms its resolute support for the sovereignty and territorial integrity of Georgia within its internationally recognized borders - Abkhazia and South-Ossetia are integral parts of Georgia. </span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>&nbsp;</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>Finally, we would like to ask the OHCHR, what more could be done to enable independent human rights monitoring in the whole territory of Georgia?</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>&nbsp;</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>Thank you.</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font> Wed, 21 Jun 2017 12:16:33 GMT http://genf.vm.ee/est/esileht/koned_ja_artiklid/aid-1717 Eesti sõnavõtt Inimõiguste Nõukogu 35. sessioonil 4. punkti juures Burundi inimõiguste olukorra dialoogil http://genf.vm.ee/est/esileht/koned_ja_artiklid/aid-1712 <font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; line-height: normal;"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt;'>Inimõiguste Nõukogu 35. Sessioon</span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; line-height: normal;"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt;'>&nbsp;</span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p align="center" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: center; line-height: normal;"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt;'>Intervention by ESTONIA</span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; line-height: normal;"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt;'>&nbsp;</span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; line-height: normal;"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt;'>Item 4: Interactive Dialogue on the Situation of Human Rights in Burundi (HRC res. </span></b><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt;'>33/24)</span></b><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font></p><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; line-height: normal;"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt;'>&nbsp;</span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; line-height: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt;'>Genf, 13 juuni 2017</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; line-height: normal;"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt;'>&nbsp;</span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; line-height: normal;"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt;'>&nbsp;</span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='color: black; line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt;'>Mr. President,</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='color: black; line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt;'>&nbsp;</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='color: black; line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt;'>Estonia fully aligns itself with the EU statement.</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='color: black; line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt;'>We thank the Commission of Inquiry for the oral update on </span><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt;'>the dire human <span style="color: black;">rights situation in Burundi. <span style="mso-spacerun: yes;">&nbsp;</span>We remain deeply worried about the systematic human rights violations that have taken and are taking place, by Governmental agents and those associated to them. We note with concern the deteriorating human rights situation and the government’s continued use of repressive measures, including repression of human rights defenders, suspension of civil society organizations (CSOs) and introduction of new control measures over the CSOs work. We are worried about the government’s attempts to curtail the freedom of expression, association, and assembly, and call on the government of Burundi to guarantee those rights.</span></span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='color: black; line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt;'>&nbsp;</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='color: black; line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt;'>Furthermore, we express deep concern over the increasing cases of enforced disappearances and we call on the government of Burundi to conduct independent and impartial investigations into those cases. We find very worrisome the increased repression and call on the government to end the long-standing culture of impunity in Burundi. The decision of the government of Burundi to withdraw from the ICC Statute is deeply disappointing and we call on the government to continue to cooperate with the ICC, as it is crucial for victims of grave crimes, to receive justice. </span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='color: black; line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt;'>&nbsp;</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='color: black; line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt;'>We expect Burundi, especially as a member of the Human Rights Council, to uphold the highest standards in the promotion and protection of human rights and invite the Burundian authorities to fully cooperate with all HRC mechanisms and</span><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt;'> with the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR), </span><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN;'>in independent and impartial international investigations into </span><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt;'>reports of </span><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN;'>the gross human rights abuses in Burundi. </span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='color: black; line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt;'>&nbsp;</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='color: black; line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt;'>Thank you.</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font> Tue, 13 Jun 2017 09:36:37 GMT http://genf.vm.ee/est/esileht/koned_ja_artiklid/aid-1712 Eesti sõnavõtt Inimõiguste Nõukogu 35. sessioonil 3. punkti juures väljendusvabaduse eri-raportööri dialoogil http://genf.vm.ee/est/esileht/koned_ja_artiklid/aid-1711 <font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; line-height: normal;"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>Inimõiguste Nõukogu 35. sessioon</span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; line-height: normal;"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>&nbsp;</span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p align="center" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: center; line-height: normal;"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>Intervention by ESTONIA</span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; line-height: normal;"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>&nbsp;</span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; line-height: normal;"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>Item 3 – Individual ID with Special Rapporteur on the right to freedom of expression</span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; line-height: normal;"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>&nbsp;</span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; line-height: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>Genf, 12 juuni 2017</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; text-align: justify; line-height: normal;"><span style='font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US;'>&nbsp;</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US;'>Mr President,</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US;'>Estonia aligns itself with the EU statement. </span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US;'>We wish to thank Mr David Kaye for his report. </span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US;'>Estonia deems the subject matter presented today by the Special Rapporteur to be timely with every country in mind. Last week, Estonia was honoured to host the 10th anniversary of the European Dialogue on Internet Governance – the EuroDIG event in Tallinn. In various panel discussions issues related to the role of private actors engaging in the provision of Internet and telecommunications access were raised by all stakeholder groups. </span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US;'>Estonia acknowledges that while governments have the primary responsibility to guarantee the protection of human rights, including the promotion and protection of the right to freedom of expression online, the private sector also needs to comply with the expectations and obligations of the society in the digital age. The role of businesses is highly significant to ensure security in the virtual world. Private companies are the main actors providing online services to people in their daily life, for example e-banking, online shopping, etc. In this respect, we find the recommendations drawn by the special rapporteur very useful. </span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US;'>Furthermore, regarding internet restrictions, we agree with the Special Rapporteur that restrictions on the freedom of expression cannot be invoked to justify the suppression of advocacy for democratic rights, including internet shutdowns during demonstrations, elections and other events of extraordinary public interest, where little or no explanation is provided.</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US;'>As one of the founding members of the Freedom Online Coalition, Estonia is also concerned about the threats and intimidation of companies and their employees by the governments of non-democratic countries where they are located. We fully agree with the Special Rapporteur that companies might need protection, too, and that state actions need to be lawful and proportionate. </span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US;'>Estonia would like to ask the Special Rapporteur to elaborate on good practices of collaboration between states and the private industry in finding ways to increase the protection of all human rights and fundamental freedoms online. </span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US;'>Mr Special Rapporteur, we highly value and closely follow your work up until now, and we wish you every success in your endeavours. </span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US;'>Thank you.</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font> Mon, 12 Jun 2017 09:35:54 GMT http://genf.vm.ee/est/esileht/koned_ja_artiklid/aid-1711 Eesti sõnavõtt Inimõiguste Nõukogu 35. sessioonil 4. punkti juures dialoogil Süüria Araabia Vabariigi uurimiskomisjoniga http://genf.vm.ee/est/esileht/koned_ja_artiklid/aid-1710 <font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; line-height: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-bidi-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-bidi-theme-font: minor-bidi; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'><span lang="EN-GB" style='font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'><strong>Inimõiguste Nõukogu 35. sessioon</strong></span></span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; line-height: normal;"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-bidi-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-bidi-theme-font: minor-bidi; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>&nbsp;</span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p align="center" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: center; line-height: normal;"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-bidi-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-bidi-theme-font: minor-bidi; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>Intervention by ESTONIA</span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; line-height: normal;"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-bidi-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-bidi-theme-font: minor-bidi; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>&nbsp;</span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; line-height: normal;"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-bidi-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-bidi-theme-font: minor-bidi; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>Item 4 – Interactive Dialogue with the Commission of Inquiry on the Syrian Arab Republic </span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p align="center" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: center; line-height: normal;"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-bidi-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-bidi-theme-font: minor-bidi; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>&nbsp;</span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; line-height: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-bidi-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-bidi-theme-font: minor-bidi; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>Genf, 14 juuni 2017</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: normal;"><span style='font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-no-proof: yes;'>&nbsp;</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: normal;"><span style='font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-no-proof: yes;'>&nbsp;</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: normal;"><span style='font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-no-proof: yes;'>Mr. President,</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-no-proof: yes;'>&nbsp;</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-bidi-font-weight: bold; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-no-proof: yes;'>Estonia aligns itself fully with the statement (to be) made by the EU. We would like to thank the Commission of Inquiry for their oral update.</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-bidi-font-weight: bold; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-no-proof: yes;'>&nbsp;</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%; mso-outline-level: 1;"><span style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-bidi-font-weight: bold; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-no-proof: yes;'>Estonia is deeply concerned at the reported use of chemical weapons in Khan Sheikhoun on 4 April 2017 and the killing of detainees in Syrian Military Intelligence Facilities, what constitutes to war crimes and crimes against humanity. Perpetrators of these crimes must be held accountable. </span></p><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%; mso-outline-level: 1;"><span style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-bidi-font-weight: bold; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-no-proof: yes;'><br></span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%; mso-outline-level: 1;"><span style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-bidi-font-weight: bold; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-no-proof: yes;'>Estonia urges all parties to the conflict to continue negotiations for a political solution to the Syrian conflict, under the auspices of the United Nations and take every feasible measure to spare the civilian population from the effects of the armed conflict. We demand from all parties to guarantee unhindered, full, immediate and safe access of humanitarian aid to those in need; not to commit indiscriminate and disproportionate attacks against the civilian population and civilian facilities; comply fully with their obligations under international humanitarian law and to respect international human rights law to end the human suffering in the Syrian Arab Republic.</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%; mso-outline-level: 1;"><span style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-bidi-font-weight: bold; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-no-proof: yes;'>&nbsp;</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%; mso-outline-level: 1;"><span style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-bidi-font-weight: bold; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-no-proof: yes;'>We call on parties involved in the conflict to cooperate fully with the international, impartial and independent mechanism established by the UN General Assembly resolution in December 2016 to assist the investigation and prosecution of persons responsible for committed war crimes in the Syrian Arab Republic. We also reiterate our <span style="mso-spacerun: yes;">&nbsp;</span>support for referral of the situation to the International Criminal Court (ICC), in order to guarantee that all victims would receive justice and reparations. </span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-bidi-font-weight: bold; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-no-proof: yes;'>&nbsp;</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-bidi-font-weight: bold; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-no-proof: yes;'>Last, we call on the Syrian authorities to cooperate fully with the Human Rights Council and the Commission of Inquiry by granting the Commission immediate, full and unfettered access throughout the Syrian Arab Republic.</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-bidi-font-weight: bold; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-no-proof: yes;'>&nbsp;</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-bidi-font-weight: bold; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-no-proof: yes;'>Thank you.</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font> Wed, 14 Jun 2017 09:32:27 GMT http://genf.vm.ee/est/esileht/koned_ja_artiklid/aid-1710 Eesti sõnavõtt Inimõiguste Nõukogu 35. sessioonil Valgevene inimõiguste olukorra raporteerimisel http://genf.vm.ee/est/esileht/koned_ja_artiklid/aid-1709 <font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 115%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'><span lang="EN-GB" style='font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'><strong>Inimõiguste Nõukogu 35. sessioon</strong></span></span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt;"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 115%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>&nbsp;</span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p align="center" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: center;"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 115%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>Statement by Estonia</span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt;"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 115%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>&nbsp;</span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt;"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 115%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>Report of the Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights in Belarus</span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p align="center" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: center;"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 115%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>&nbsp;</span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 115%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>Genf, 14 juuni 2017</span></p><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 115%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'><br></span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p align="center" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: center;"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 115%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>&nbsp;</span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; -ms-text-justify: inter-ideograph; tab-stops: 400.0pt;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 115%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>Mr President,</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; -ms-text-justify: inter-ideograph; tab-stops: 400.0pt;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 115%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>&nbsp;</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%; -ms-text-justify: inter-ideograph; tab-stops: 400.0pt;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>Estonia fully aligns itself with the statement made by the European Union.</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%; -ms-text-justify: inter-ideograph; tab-stops: 400.0pt;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>&nbsp;</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%; -ms-text-justify: inter-ideograph;"><font size="3"><font face="Times New Roman">Estonia would like to express its appreciation for the work done by the Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights in Belarus, Mr. Miklós Haraszti. <span lang="EN-GB" style="mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;">The continued lack of cooperation by the authorities of Belarus with the Special Rapporteur is most regrettable, as is the general assessment of the report that </span><span style="mso-bidi-font-weight: bold;">the human rights situation in Belarus has seen a dramatic deterioration during the last year</span><span lang="EN-GB" style="mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;">. Under these circumstances, Estonia supports the extension of the mandate of the Special Rapporteur.</span></font></font></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%; -ms-text-justify: inter-ideograph;"><span lang="EN-GB" style="mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;"><font face="Times New Roman" size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%; -ms-text-justify: inter-ideograph;"><font size="3"><font face="Times New Roman"><span lang="EN-GB" style="mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;">We share the view of the Special Rapporteur that the way how peaceful demonstrators were met by the authorities of Belarus in spring this year, has to be condemned. We call on the Government of Belarus to end the policy of mass arrests and </span><span style="mso-bidi-font-weight: bold;">arbitrary detention as a response to peaceful assemblies, or arresting political opponents on trumped-up criminal charges and on a “preventive” basis. We urge Belarus to release all prisoners who were detained under these charges. We also call on Belarus to change its Criminal Code to avoid curtailing the freedoms of peaceful assembly and of association in the future. </span></font></font></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%; -ms-text-justify: inter-ideograph;"><font face="Times New Roman" size="3">&nbsp;</font></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%; -ms-text-justify: inter-ideograph;"><span style="mso-bidi-font-weight: bold;"><font face="Times New Roman" size="3">We took note of the first registration of an organization in Belarus during several years, as the movement “Tell the Truth” was registered in May. We hope that this does not remain a single case and the authorities continue registering civil society organizations and political parties that have been denied official recognition so far. </font></span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%; -ms-text-justify: inter-ideograph;"><span style="mso-bidi-font-weight: bold;"><font face="Times New Roman" size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 10pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%; -ms-text-justify: inter-ideograph;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>Finally, we call on the authorities of Belarus to fulfil their international obligations and cooperate fully with all UN human rights mechanisms and special procedures. We urge the Government of Belarus to fully implement all the recommendations made by the Special Rapporteur in his report. We would particularly like to emphasise the importance of i</span><span lang="ET" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-bidi-font-weight: bold;'>ntroducing, as a first step, a moratorium on executions, leading to the total abolition of the death penalty.</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%; -ms-text-justify: inter-ideograph;"><span lang="EN-GB" style="mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;"><font face="Times New Roman" size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%; -ms-text-justify: inter-ideograph; tab-stops: 400.0pt;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>Thank you!</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font> Wed, 14 Jun 2017 09:29:50 GMT http://genf.vm.ee/est/esileht/koned_ja_artiklid/aid-1709 Eesti sõnavõtt Inimõiguste Nõukogu 35. sessioonil 2. ja 3. punkti juures üld-debatil http://genf.vm.ee/est/esileht/koned_ja_artiklid/aid-1708 <font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; line-height: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'><span lang="EN-GB" style='font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'><strong>Inimõiguste Nõukogu 35. sessioon</strong></span></span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p align="center" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: center; line-height: normal;"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>&nbsp;</span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p align="center" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: center; line-height: normal;"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>Intervention by ESTONIA</span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p align="center" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: center; line-height: normal;"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>&nbsp;</span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; line-height: normal;"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>Items 2 and 3 – General Debate</span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p align="center" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: center; line-height: normal;"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>&nbsp;</span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; line-height: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>Genf, 12&nbsp;juuni 2017</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; text-align: justify; line-height: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>&nbsp;</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>Mr President,</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>Estonia takes this opportunity to raise some issues addressed in the report of the High Commissioner on the promotion, protection and enjoyment of human rights on the Internet: ways to bridge the gender digital divide from a human rights perspective.</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>Of the 7.5 billion people in the world, men make up about 18% and women 16% of all the persons online. In keeping with the 2030 Agenda, this means that these 200 million fewer women have been „left behind“.</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>This gender digital divide, addressed in the High Commissioner’s report to this Council, has negative societal and economic consequences, including on the women’s enjoyment of their human rights. In the same way, when reversed, unhindered and promoted access to Internet benefits not only women, but also their communities and the economy.</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='background: white; color: rgb(51, 51, 51); line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>T</span><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>he gender digital divide is both a consequence and cause of violations of women’s human rights. Recent data reveals that the digital gender divide is increasing, and, u<span style="background: white; color: rgb(51, 51, 51);">nfortunately, there are no quick fixes. Estonia agrees with the report that all policies to improve Internet access need to be comprehensive and gender responsive, addressing the underlying causes of gender inequality. </span></span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='background: white; color: rgb(51, 51, 51); line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>W</span><span lang="EN-GB" style='color: rgb(51, 51, 51); line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB; mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-fareast-language: ET;'>omen’s access to education remains a strong factor in Internet use. Urban poor women with at least some secondary education are six times more likely to be online than urban poor women with lower levels of education. </span><span lang="EN-GB" style='background: white; color: rgb(51, 51, 51); line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>This is why locally and internationally, Estonia strives towards a collaborative effort, </span><span lang="EN-GB" style='color: rgb(51, 51, 51); line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB; mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-fareast-language: ET;'>working with governments, the private sector, and civil society to promote the digital literacy of women and girls.</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='color: rgb(51, 51, 51); line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB; mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-fareast-language: ET;'>Finally, we would like to emphasise that it is not only important to have access to and use of <i style="mso-bidi-font-style: normal;">any</i> kind of internet. Internet must </span><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>be open, global, and accessible. Human rights-based approach needs to underpin the provision and expansion of access to the Internet for all, so that no one would be left behind.</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='color: rgb(51, 51, 51); line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB; mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-fareast-language: ET;'>Thank you.</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font> Mon, 12 Jun 2017 09:09:07 GMT http://genf.vm.ee/est/esileht/koned_ja_artiklid/aid-1708