Permanent Mission of Estonia in Geneva :: Kõned ja artiklid http://genf.vm.ee/est est http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss WiseCMS 2.0 hille.lepp@vm.ee hille.lepp@vm.ee Eesti sõnavõtt 16. jalaväe keelustamise konventsiooni osalisriikide kohtumisel Viinis http://genf.vm.ee/est/esileht/koned_ja_artiklid/aid-1812 <p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>16<sup>th</sup> Meeting of States Parties to the Anti-Personnel Mine Ban Convention</span></b></p><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; line-height: 150%;"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'><br></span></b></p><p align="center" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: center; line-height: 150%;"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>Statement by ESTONIA</span></b></p><p align="center" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: center; line-height: 150%;"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'></span></b><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'><span style="mso-tab-count: 2;">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;</span></span></b></p><p align="right" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: right; line-height: 150%;"><i style="mso-bidi-font-style: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>Check against delivery!</span></i></p><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>Viin, 18-21 detsember 2017</span></p><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'><br></span></p><p style="margin: 6pt 0cm 8pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>Mr President (<i style="mso-bidi-font-style: normal;"><span style="background: white; color: black;">H.E. Thomas Hajnoczi,&nbsp;Ambassador of Austria to the UN in Geneva</span></i>),</span></p><p style="margin: 6pt 0cm 8pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>Estonia aligns itself with the statement delivered by the European Union, but allow me to add a few remarks to express our support for this important Convention.</span></p><p style="margin: 6pt 0cm 8pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>The Ottawa Convention is one of the success stories of multilateral disarmament diplomacy. In addition to </span><span lang="EN-GB" style='font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB; mso-bidi-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-bidi-theme-font: minor-bidi;'><font size="3">the overall good level of compliance by States Parties in its key aspects, this convention has brought </font></span><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>clear results on the ground, through mine clearance, victim assistance, stockpile destruction, and as a peace-building instrument</span><span lang="EN-GB" style='font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'><font size="3">. </font></span><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>Estonia shares its objectives and its aspiration to achieve an anti-personnel mine free world without new victims<strong> by 2025</strong>. We support </span><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB; mso-bidi-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-bidi-theme-font: minor-bidi;'>strengthening the effectiveness of this convention, </span><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>its universalisation and <strong>the implementation of the Maputo Action Plan.</strong></span></p><p style="margin: 6pt 0cm 8pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>We recognise, that although the Ottawa Convention became an international norm quickly after its entry into force, financing its implementation has been a challenge over the past years. It is regrettable that the <span style="color: black; mso-themecolor: text1;">serious financial situation of the Convention has led to the shortening of the Meeting of States Parties for two consecutive years. </span><span style="color: black;">We urge all States to comply with their financial obligations on time</span> and </span><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB; mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-fareast-language: ET;'>pay all outstanding arrears</span><span lang="EN-GB" style='color: black; line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>.</span></p><p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> <br></font></p><p style="margin: 6pt 0cm 8pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>Mr President,</span></p><p style="margin: 6pt 0cm 8pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>Estonia is a firm supporter of </span><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB; mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman";'>humanitarian demining activities and </span><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>mine action and has been regularly contributing to demining efforts for more than 10 years. </span><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB; mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-fareast-language: ET;'>Humanitarian demining is one of the priority areas in our Government's strategy for Estonia's development cooperation and humanitarian assistance for years 2016-2020. </span><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>In recent years, </span><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB; mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman";'>we have increased our contributions, including financial support to the United Nations Mine Action Service</span><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'> </span><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB; mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman";'>(UNMAS), as well as to clean-up of various explosive remnants of war and mine-clearance activities under several bilateral and international humanitarian projects.&nbsp;In the beginning of this year the Estonian government redoubled its annual contribution to UNMAS mine action activities in Iraq (<i style="mso-bidi-font-style: normal;">40&nbsp;000 USD)</i>.</span><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'> Estonia has previously supported mine action in Mali, Gaza, Libya, Lebanon and Afghanistan.</span><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB; mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-fareast-language: ET;'> Moreover, in 2017 the MFA Estonia financed a development cooperation project for developing a humanitarian demining training system in Ukraine. </span></p><p style="margin: 6pt 0cm 8pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>Since 2006, we have also regularly supported and gradually increased our contributions to the Ottawa Implementation Support Unit (ISU) in achieving its mandate-based targets. Estonia stands ready to look further into financing mechanisms of the ISU when the States Parties are ready to do so. </span></p><p style="margin: 6pt 0cm 8pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>On a different matter. <span>We recognise fully the difficult challenges Ukraine faces with regard to Article 5 obligations as result of Russian aggression and ongoing military conflict in the area. Recalling, that the 15<sup>th</sup> Meeting of States Parties expressed concern about this situation, we invite Ukraine to submit the request for extension of Article 5 at the earliest opportunity. We reaffirm our unwavering support for Ukraine's unity, sovereignty, independence and territorial integrity within its internationally recognised borders.&nbsp; </span></span></p><p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> <br></font></p><p style="margin: 6pt 0cm 8pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>Mr President,</span></p><p style="margin: 6pt 0cm 8pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>At this 20<sup>th</sup> anniversary year of the signature of the Anti-Personnel Mine Ban Convention, let me conclude by <span style="color: black;">commending you, Mr President, for Austria’s active Presidency of the </span>Anti-Personnel Mine Ban Convention and express my gratitude to you as well as to the Implementation Support Unit for all the good work done to ensure a successful meeting. You have my delegation’s full support.</span></p><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; text-align: justify;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 107%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>Thank you!</span></p><p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> <br></font></p> Thu, 21 Dec 2017 16:12:01 GMT http://genf.vm.ee/est/esileht/koned_ja_artiklid/aid-1812 Eesti sõnavõtt IOM Nõukogu 108. sessiooni üld-debatil http://genf.vm.ee/est/esileht/koned_ja_artiklid/aid-1810 <font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt;"><b><span lang="EN-GB" style='color: black; line-height: 115%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>IOM Nõukogu 108. sessioon, </span></b><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 115%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>28 november<span style="mso-spacerun: yes;">&nbsp; </span>– 1 detsember 2017</span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p align="center" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: center;"><b><span lang="EN-GB" style='color: black; line-height: 115%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>&nbsp;</span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p align="center" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: center;"><b><span lang="EN-GB" style='color: black; line-height: 115%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>Intervention by ESTONIA</span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p align="center" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: center;"><b><span lang="EN-GB" style='color: black; line-height: 115%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>&nbsp;</span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p align="center" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: center;"><b><span lang="EN-GB" style='color: black; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>Statement delivered by </span></b><b><span lang="EN-GB" style='font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>Ms. Riia Salsa, Deputy Permanent Representative</span></b><b><span lang="EN-GB" style='color: black; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'> </span></b><b><span lang="EN-GB" style='font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>of Estonia to the UN Office in Geneva</span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p align="center" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: center;"><b><span lang="EN-GB" style='color: black; line-height: 115%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>&nbsp;</span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt;"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 115%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>General Debate – Item 9</span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 12pt 0cm 0pt;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 115%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>Genf, 30 november 2017</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p align="right" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: right;"><i style="mso-bidi-font-style: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 115%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>&nbsp;</span></i></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p align="right" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: right;"><i style="mso-bidi-font-style: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 115%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>Check against delivery</span></i></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 10pt; text-align: justify;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 115%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>Thank you Madam Chair, </span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 10pt; text-align: justify;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 115%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>I would like to congratulate you as well as the other bureau members for their election to guide the work of this Council.</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 10pt; text-align: justify;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 115%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>Estonia aligns itself with the statement delivered by the European Union on behalf of its Member States. </span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 10pt; text-align: justify;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 115%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>Allow me to start by thanking Director General Swing for his dedicated leadership of this organisation and for the report he presented to the Council two days ago. IOM’s tireless engagement and dedicated response to global migration challenges are truly commendable. Estonia wishes to reiterate its support to IOM as the global lead agency on migration. Allow me to also welcome new members, Cuba and Cook Islands, and new observers to the Council. </span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 10pt; text-align: justify;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 115%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>As the DG reported, IOM continues to grow in every aspect: in number of Member States, projects, budget figures and global reach. While the soon quasi-global adherence to IOM witnesses the trust to and importance of IOM, the steady growth is also a result of many unresolved migration related challenges in the world. We welcome IOM’s agility to face the growth of the organisation in order to remain fit for purpose in the context of multiplication of displacement crises. With regard to this phenomenal growth, attention has to be paid to coherent prioritization of activities to avoid possible duplication, including with other UN organisations, and diffused focus.</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 10pt; text-align: justify;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 115%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>Estonia highly values the reinforced cooperation with IOM in recent years, which was enthroned by IOM DG’s visit to Tallinn this spring. IOM – as well as UNHCR – has provided valuable support to Estonia in building capacity to address increased forced displacement flows, including assisting voluntary return of persons not in need for international protection. I would also like to express our sincere appreciation to IOM and its office in Tallinn for the cooperation in the field of resettlement and relocation.</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 10pt; text-align: justify;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 115%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>In its capacity as the Presidency of the EU Council since July 2017, Estonia has set migration as one of its EU Presidency priorities. At the EU level Estonia has been promoting comprehensive and holistic approaches to migration, that take into account both internal and external aspects and focus on the long-term perspective of the migration policy. Among other things, we have focussed on parallel issues such as balanced approach to regular migration, preventing and reducing irregular migration, control of external borders, and promoting cooperation with third countries.</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 10pt; text-align: justify;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 115%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>Madam Chair,</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 10pt; text-align: justify;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 115%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>Estonia welcomes IOM’s enhanced focus on data collection and evidence. IOM’s Displacement Tracing Matrix and Global Migration Data Analysis Centre support informed decision making in the field of migration. Nonetheless, handling larger amounts of data also creates the need for better data protection. Estonia stands ready to share its experience in this regard.</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 10pt; text-align: justify;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 115%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>DGs report to the Council also brought up IOM’s vision to develop its policy-planning capacity and enhance its work in IDP contexts. We would like to encourage the DG to continue his commendably transparent updates to the Council to inform on the advancements and possible challenges. In the context of work on IDPs, timely and consistent coordination with other organisations, including UNHCR and OCHA, will help to avoid possible overlaps.</span><span lang="EN-GB" style="color: rgb(31, 73, 125); mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;"><font face="Calibri" size="3"> </font></span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 10pt; text-align: justify;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 115%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>Madam Chair,</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 10pt; text-align: justify;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 115%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>IOM’s accession to the UN family, as the global lead agency on migration, was a milestone. We are pleased to hear DG’s positive assessment of IOM’s first year in the UN system and regarding IOM’s greater access to information, visibility and funding. </span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 10pt; text-align: justify;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 115%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>Finally, a few remarks on the Global Compact on Migration – Estonia expects the Compact to be people-centred, human-rights-based, closely in line with other global initiatives such as the 2030 Agenda, and taking into account the challenges and benefits of migration for all. We aim for a practical and implementable outcome that would enhance the cooperation and coordination globally between the countries of origin, transit and destination, and follow the principles of inclusiveness and transparency.</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 10pt; text-align: justify;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 115%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>Allow me to reiterate also Estonia’s support for a strong role of the IOM in the process of the Global Compact on Migration, including in the implementation and follow-up of the Compact. IOM as the global lead agency on migration, with a truly global mandate and reach, as well as operational and policy expertise in the field of migration, has to have a significant and specific role to play in this process. Considering the non-legally binging nature of the Global Compact on Migration, Estonia sees that the follow-up and monitoring mechanism of the GCM should be efficient, light and responsive; based on the framework of existing UN fora; and it should not lead to the creation of any new structures. <span style="mso-spacerun: yes;">&nbsp;</span></span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 10pt; text-align: justify;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 115%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>Thank you for your attention!</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font> Thu, 30 Nov 2017 16:22:56 GMT http://genf.vm.ee/est/esileht/koned_ja_artiklid/aid-1810 Eesti sõnavõtt kolmandal ametlikul IHLi tugevdamise protsessi kohtumisel http://genf.vm.ee/est/esileht/koned_ja_artiklid/aid-1806 <font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 12pt 0cm 0pt; line-height: normal; -ms-text-autospace:;"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB; mso-fareast-language: DE;'>Third Formal Meeting of Intergovernmental Process on Strengthening Respect for International Humanitarian Law (IHL)</span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; line-height: 150%;"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;"><span style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt;'>&nbsp;</span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p align="center" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; text-align: center; line-height: 150%;"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;"><span style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt;'>Intervention by ESTONIA</span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 12pt 0cm 0pt; line-height: 150%; -ms-text-autospace:;"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB; mso-fareast-language: DE;'>Ways to enhance the implementation of IHL using the potential of the International Conference and IHL regional forums</span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 12pt 0cm 8pt; line-height: 150%;"><span style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt;'>Genf, 6 detsember 2017</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; line-height: 150%;"><span style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt;'>Mr Chair,</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt;'>Our delegation very much appreciates the co-facilitators efforts in drawing up the work plan and focusing on a good outcome, in accordance wih the objectives stipulated in resolution 2 and in accordance with the meetings that have taken place in 2017 and 2016. We also value in the sincere constructiveness of all the delegations present. </span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt;'>Estonia would like to thank the facilitators for the work plan and we could have been flexible to go with the proposed version. We agree, that agreeing on a work plan for 2018 and 2019 would contribute to saving valuable time on procedural issues, but are also flexible to accommodate the wishes of some delegations who insist on agreeing on actions for 2018 only.</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt;'>Estonia echos what some previous delegations have said – no consensus has yet been reached! – many ideas and food for thought for the upcoming meetings.</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt;'>We support the proposal to add to the Background Document the legal evaluation/elements of how the existing mechanisms can realistically be used and what the constraints and limitations are. This would be helpful, allowing us to be better prepared, better informed and constructive, so that we can we come together next year and talk about converging elements.</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt;'>Thank you.</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font> Wed, 06 Dec 2017 15:00:42 GMT http://genf.vm.ee/est/esileht/koned_ja_artiklid/aid-1806 Eesti sõnavõtt kolmandal ametlikul IHLi tugevdamise protsessi kohtumisel http://genf.vm.ee/est/esileht/koned_ja_artiklid/aid-1804 <font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 12pt 0cm 0pt; line-height: normal;"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB; mso-fareast-language: DE;'>Third Formal Meeting of Intergovernmental Process on Strengthening Respect for International Humanitarian Law (IHL)</span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p align="center" style="margin: 12pt 0cm 0pt; text-align: center; line-height: 150%;"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB; mso-fareast-language: DE;'>Intervention by ESTONIA</span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 12pt 0cm 0pt; line-height: 150%;"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB; mso-fareast-language: DE;'>Session: Ways to enhance the implementation of IHL using the potential of the International Conference and IHL regional forums</span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 12pt 0cm 0pt; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB; mso-fareast-language: DE;'>Genf, 4 detsember 2017</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 12pt 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB; mso-fareast-language: DE;'>Estonia commends the ICRC’s and Switzerland’s efforts in the Intergovernmental Process on Strengthening Respect for IHL, including the delivery of the Report on Existing Mechanisms as well as the Draft Background Document.</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 12pt 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB; mso-fareast-language: DE;'>Estonia remains committed to s<span style="mso-bidi-font-weight: bold;">trengthening compliance with and respect for International Humanitarian Law. However, we consider that the</span> Report prepared by the co-facilitators demonstrates that the existing mechanisms do not provide for the most effective way forward as stipulated in Resolution 2 of the 32<sup>nd</sup> International Conference. It would therefore be preferable to also reach an agreement on the features and functions of a potential forum of States, as stated in Resolution 2. Estonia therefore reconfirms its strong support for the establishment of a forum of States that would serve as a separate platform tasked <b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;">specifically</b> with strengthening compliance with and respect for IHL.</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 12pt 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%; mso-layout-grid-align: none;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='color: black; line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB; mso-fareast-language: DE;'>However, as already noted by some delegations, Resolution 2 has a twofold aim in that it also urges exploring “ways to enhance the implementation of IHL using the potential of the International Conference and IHL regional forums”. Estonia is therefore ready to explore the potential of existing mechanisms and ways of enhancing the implementation of IHL through such mechanisms.</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 12pt 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB; mso-fareast-language: DE;'>The International Conference, for instance, represents a unique and very valuable mechanism to enhance and inspire humanitarian debates among governments, as well as the Movement. It is worth discussing whether the conference at present is utilised to its full potential and where existing gaps can be filled in respect to IHL issues. We do, however, consider that the International Conference <b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;">in its current form</b> has proven its value and Estonia cautions against changing <b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;">the very nature</b> thereof. </span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 12pt 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB; mso-fareast-language: DE;'>Furthermore, we would be ready to consider potential intersessional meetings of the Conference. <span style="color: black;">We also welcome ideas presented by some States, who have drawn attention to the Challenges Reports, meriting more thorough and frequent discussion. </span></span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 12pt 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB; mso-fareast-language: DE;'>Estonia stresses that it is the States’ duty to respect and ensure respect for IHL in all circumstances. We are therefore open to discussing States’ further concrete proposals on how this could be better achieved through the existing international mechanisms and how respect for IHL can be strengthened in practice. </span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font> Wed, 20 Dec 2017 13:27:49 GMT http://genf.vm.ee/est/esileht/koned_ja_artiklid/aid-1804 Eesti sõnavõtt neljandal erakorralisel WHO täitevkogul 13. üld-tööprogrammi mustandi teemal, 3.4 punkti juures http://genf.vm.ee/est/esileht/koned_ja_artiklid/aid-1802 <font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; line-height: 150%;"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>Neljas erakorraline WHO täitevkogu 13. üld-tööprogrammi mustandi teemal</span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p align="center" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; text-align: center; line-height: 150%;"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;"><span style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt;'>Intervention by ESTONIA</span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p align="center" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; text-align: center; line-height: 150%;"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;"><span style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt;'>&nbsp;</span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;"><span style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt;'>Agenda item 3.4: Organizational shifts</span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt;'>Genf, 24 November 2017</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt;'>&nbsp;</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt;'>Honorable chairperson,</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 6pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt;'>Estonia would like to welcome the Organizational Shifts proposed; they are both necessary and welcome. The document gives an overview of shifts in WHO’s work and interactions with member states, but we would like to see clearer objectives for the slowest part of WHO reform – the governance reform. </span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 6pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt;'>While this is in the hands of the Member States, active engagement from the Secretariat can help move this process along. The consultation process on the Rules of Procedure of the governing bodies was a welcome step in this direction; we look forward to taking this process further.</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt;'>We would like to see WHO as a state of the art organization ready to tackle the challenges of the 21<sup>st</sup> century - this includes prompt electronic communication with Member States and electronic voting. As we always seem to be short on time, these measures would help us use our limited resources on the substance of our work here. </span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt;'>For best practices on both these topics, a lot could be learned from the Regional Office for Europe, where we have worked on these issues for the past years and made significant progress.</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt;'>WHO cannot accomplish the ambitious targets of General Programme of Work without partners from all sectors. To that end we echo what was said by Slovenia<span style="mso-spacerun: yes;">&nbsp; </span><span style="mso-spacerun: yes;">&nbsp;</span>about the importance of better engaging with NGOs, who, after all, provide valuable feedback through their firsthand experience from the people benefiting from WHO’s work.</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt;'>There is definitely room for improvement in how WHO consults and works with partners on various issues, and we see the need for more consistency, transparency and sustainability in all consultative processes to ensure meaningful gathering of input.</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt;'>&nbsp;</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt;'>Thank you. </span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font> Fri, 24 Nov 2017 16:05:01 GMT http://genf.vm.ee/est/esileht/koned_ja_artiklid/aid-1802 Eesti sõnavõtt neljandal erakorralisel WHO täitevkogul 13. üld-tööprogrammi mustandi teemal, 3.3 punkti juures http://genf.vm.ee/est/esileht/koned_ja_artiklid/aid-1800 <font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; line-height: 150%;"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>Neljas erakorraline WHO täitevkogu 13. üld-tööprogrammi mustandi teemal</span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p align="center" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; text-align: center; line-height: 150%;"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;"><span style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt;'>Intervention by ESTONIA</span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;"><span style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt;'>&nbsp;</span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;"><span style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt;'>Agenda item 3.3: Strategic Shifts</span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt;'>Genf, 23 november 2017</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt;'>&nbsp;</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 6pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt;'>Honorable chairperson, </span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 6pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt;'>Estonia would like to welcome the Strategic Shifts proposed, and in particular, the focus on global public goods. We agree on the division of these public goods into normative guidance, data and innovation. In this regard, we appreciate the Director-General’s reassurances that WHO shall remain primarily a normative and standard-setting organization.</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 6pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt;'>Broadly, we also agree on WHO’s proposed activities on data, which is, after all, the cornerstone of maximizing impact and evidence based policy making. Respectfully, however, we have slightly disparate views on <i style="mso-bidi-font-style: normal;">who</i> has the comparative advantage when it comes to strengthening data systems.</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 6pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt;'>We believe that WHO has an important role to play in this regard, but in so doing, it would benefit immensely from the expertise and work of others. Several Member States as well as other organizations have extensive experience from modernizing their data systems, and it would be a missed opportunity if WHO were not to learn from their example and use the work already done. This need to use existing data and work more closely with others is something that we would like to see better articulated in this section of the General Programme of Work.</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 6pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt;'>People around the world have adopted digital technologies; governments as well as international organizations have to keep up or risk becoming irrelevant. E-health in particular provides unique benefits for both collecting and analyzing data as well as improving health system efficacy and patient involvement. In its work on improving data gathering, WHO should collaborate with and learn from experts in e-Health, especially with regard to what works and what does not. A lot of the potential provided by e-health comes from setting common standards in a manner, which promotes interoperability. This is where WHO’s comparative advantage is greatest.</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 6pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt;'>Finally, we commend the focus on innovation, being particularly mindful of the challenges Member States face regarding medicines and access to them. We welcome further cooperation with the Coalition for Epidemic Preparedness Innovations (CEPI) and the G20 Global Collaboration Fund, but would like to see a clearer reference to the recommendations of the Consultative Expert Working Group on Research &amp; Development, which to this day has not been fully acted upon. A clear strategic approach to health innovation is needed so that affordable new medicines including vaccines, antibiotics, and drugs for neglected diseases may be developed.</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 6pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt;'>Thank you.</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font> Thu, 23 Nov 2017 16:00:52 GMT http://genf.vm.ee/est/esileht/koned_ja_artiklid/aid-1800 Eesti sõnavõtt neljandal erakorralisel WHO täitevkogul 13. üld-tööprogrammi mustandi teemal, 3.2 punkti juures http://genf.vm.ee/est/esileht/koned_ja_artiklid/aid-1798 <font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; line-height: 150%;"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>Neljas erakorraline WHO täitevkogu&nbsp;13. üld-tööprogrammi mustandi teemal</span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p align="center" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; text-align: center; line-height: 150%;"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>Intervention by ESTONIA</span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p align="center" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; text-align: center; line-height: 150%;"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>&nbsp;</span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; line-height: 150%;"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>Agenda item 3.2: Strategic Priorities</span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>Genf, 22 november 2017</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>&nbsp;</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>Honorable Chairperson,</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>Estonia aligns itself with the statement made by Malta on behalf of the EU and its Member States, as well as with the Nordic Baltic 8 statement delivered by Sweden. As this is the first time we are taking the floor, please allow us to congratulate everyone involved in the creation of this very promising Draft Global Programme of Work. At its forefront is the need to strengthen health systems to progress towards universal health coverage, and this focus, aligned with both the SDGs and the Tallinn Charter, is something that Estonia warmly welcomes. </span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>Focus is key to making the Global Programme of Work successful. Estonia has great faith in WHO, but we also acknowledge that there is only so much that WHO can do. It is for this reason that the organization must determine where it needs to take action, and where it would be preferable to give way to others, so that it may better serve those who need it the most.</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>One area where WHO clearly does need to take action is non-communicable diseases, so that it may ensure healthy lives and well-being for all. Although NCDs claim 70% of all deaths per annum, this is an area, which has been critically underfunded in WHO, despite the organization’s clear comparative advantage on the issue. We agree with you, Director-General, that a paradigm shift is needed and that the current momentum created in Montevideo must not be wasted. We are therefore pleased to see the inclusion of this vital field as a flagship initiative. Successful undertakings, such as the Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC), have shown that WHO has the will and the expertise to be the global leader on NCDs. Indeed, thanks to the work of WHO and its members, great strides have been made on tobacco control. As we focus <span style="mso-spacerun: yes;">&nbsp;&nbsp;</span>and considerably step up our efforts, we expect to see similar results on other NCD risk factors. Particularly, containing the harmful use of alcohol, which is one of the leading behavioral contributors to the global disease burden, is an area that has been lagging behind. Currently, despite the adoption of a global strategy in 2010, alcohol consumption and its related harms are, if anything, growing. We are confident, however, that by keeping the focus on NCDs, including mental health, and allotting it the attention it rightfully deserves, we can turn the tide on this escalating problem.</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>Thank you.</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font> Wed, 22 Nov 2017 15:56:05 GMT http://genf.vm.ee/est/esileht/koned_ja_artiklid/aid-1798 Eesti sõnavõtt Üldkogu Ad Hoc komittee vabatahtliku panustamise väljakuulutamise kohtumisel toetamaks kõrge voliniku (UNHCR) 2018.a. programmi http://genf.vm.ee/est/esileht/koned_ja_artiklid/aid-1796 <font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p align="center" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: center;"><b><span lang="EN-GB" style='font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>Statement by Ms. Riia Salsa, </span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p align="center" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: center;"><b><span lang="EN-GB" style='font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>Deputy Permanent Representative of the Republic of Estonia to UN Office at Geneva </span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p align="center" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: center;"><font face="Times" size="2">&nbsp;</font></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p align="center" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: center;"><b><span lang="EN-GB" style='font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>&nbsp;</span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; -ms-text-justify: inter-ideograph;"><b><span lang="EN-GB" style='font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>Meeting of the Ad Hoc Committee of the General Assembly&nbsp;for the Announcement of Voluntary Contributions to the High Commissioner’s Programme for 2018 </span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p align="center" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: center;"><b><span lang="EN-GB" style='font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>&nbsp;</span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB; mso-bidi-font-weight: bold;'>&nbsp;</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB; mso-bidi-font-weight: bold;'>Genf, 5 detsember 2017</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt;"><font face="Times" size="2">&nbsp;</font></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p align="right" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: right;"><i><span lang="EN-GB" style='font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>Check against delivery</span></i></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; -ms-text-justify: inter-ideograph;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>&nbsp;</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; -ms-text-justify: inter-ideograph;"><font face="Times" size="2">&nbsp;</font></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%; -ms-text-justify: inter-ideograph;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>Mr Chairperson, High Commissioner, dear colleagues,</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%; -ms-text-justify: inter-ideograph;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>&nbsp;&nbsp;</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%; -ms-text-justify: inter-ideograph;"><span style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt;'>Estonia highly appreciates the UNHCR’s work around the globe and UNHCR’s response to acute and protracted situations of forced displacement in many complex humanitarian settings.</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%; -ms-text-justify: inter-ideograph;"><span style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt;'>&nbsp;</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%; -ms-text-justify: inter-ideograph;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>Allow me to thank UNHCR for the detailed information presented in the Global Appeal 2018-2019 that gives comprehensive overview of the state of the humanitarian landscape and resources needed by UNHCR to protect and assist the forcibly displaced and other people of concern. </span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%; -ms-text-justify: inter-ideograph;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>&nbsp;</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%; -ms-text-justify: inter-ideograph;"><span style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt;'>Estonia</span><span style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'> <span lang="EN-GB">supports the strategic priorities of UNHCR and commends the effectiveness of the organisation in fulfilling its important humanitarian mandate. 2017 underlined once again the need for global engagement, predictable and collaborative response based on international solidarity. Estonia is engaged in sharing the responsibility and supporting UNHCR in its central role in safeguarding the international refugee protection regime and shaping the Global Compact on Refugees. </span></span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%; -ms-text-justify: inter-ideograph;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>&nbsp;</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%; -ms-text-justify: inter-ideograph;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>UNHCR has been for many years one of my Governments main international humanitarian partners. Today, I wish to announce an unearmarked contribution of 100&nbsp;000 euros to support the activities of UNHCR in 2018. This constitutes an increase by 25% of Estonia’s unearmarked funding to UNHCR. The amount has already been disbursed. Apart of this contribution, Estonia continues to support various UNHCR operations throughout the year. </span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%; -ms-text-justify: inter-ideograph;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>&nbsp;</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%; -ms-text-justify: inter-ideograph;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>Finally, allow me to pay tribute to UNHCR’s dedicated staff who often carries out its valuable humanitarian work in challenging conditions and environment.</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%; -ms-text-justify: inter-ideograph;"><span lang="EN-GB" style="mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;"><font face="Times" size="2">&nbsp;</font></span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%; -ms-text-justify: inter-ideograph;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>I thank you for your attention!</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; line-height: 150%;"><font face="Cambria" size="3">&nbsp;</font></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font> Tue, 05 Dec 2017 15:17:02 GMT http://genf.vm.ee/est/esileht/koned_ja_artiklid/aid-1796 Eesti sõnavõtt kõrgete lepinguosaliste kohtumisel teatud tavarelvade konventsioonil (CCW) http://genf.vm.ee/est/esileht/koned_ja_artiklid/aid-1794 <font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p align="center" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: center; line-height: 150%;"><b><span lang="EN-GB" style='color: black; line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>Statement by H.E. Mr. Andre Pung </span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p align="center" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 12pt; text-align: center; line-height: 150%; mso-outline-level: 1;"><b><span lang="EN-GB" style='color: black; line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>Ambassador, Permanent Representative </span></b><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>of the Republic of Estonia<span style="color: black; mso-bidi-font-weight: bold;"> to the United Nations in Geneva</span></span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p align="center" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 12pt; text-align: center; line-height: 150%; mso-outline-level: 1;"><b><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB; mso-font-kerning: 18.0pt; mso-fareast-language: ET;'>&nbsp;</span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; line-height: 150%;"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>Meeting of the High Contracting Parties to the Convention on Certain Conventional Weapons (CCW)</span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>Genf, 22 november 2017</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p align="right" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; text-align: right; line-height: 150%;"><i style="mso-bidi-font-style: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB; mso-fareast-language: ET;'><br> </span></i><i style="mso-bidi-font-style: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>Check against delivery</span></i></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 6pt -14.2pt 0pt 0cm; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>Thank you Mr. Chair</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 6pt -14.2pt 0pt 0cm; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>Estonia aligns itself with the statement delivered by the European Union, but allow me to add a few remarks to express our commitment to the CCW and its Protocols.</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 6pt 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%; mso-outline-level: 1;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>First, allow me to <span style="color: black;">congratulate you on your election as 2017 Chair of the Convention on Certain Conventional Weapons</span> and express my gratitude to you as well as to the Implementation Support Unit for all the good work and preparations done to ensure the success of this meeting. You can count on my delegation’s full support. </span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 6pt 0cm 0pt; line-height: 150%; mso-outline-level: 1;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>Mr. Chair,</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 6pt 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>Estonia supports the efforts to universalise and strengthen the CCW, thus <span style="color: black;">we congratulate Afghanistan and Lebanon who joined the Convention this year and urge all States that have not yet done so to accede to the Convention and its Protocols without further delay. </span>Work on strengthening national reporting should continue. In this regard, Estonia, as the President of Protocol V, <span style="color: black;">welcomes the <span style="mso-bidi-font-weight: bold;">decision</span> in the context of Protocol V on Explosive Remnants of War (ERW) to establish a<span style="mso-bidi-font-weight: bold;"> voluntary expert assistance</span> mechanism to improve the rate and quality of national reporting <span style="mso-bidi-font-weight: bold;">and we look forward to its implementation</span>. We believe, the application of the mechanism could be considered also under the Amended Protocol II and CCW reporting mechanisms. </span></span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 6pt 0cm 0pt; line-height: 150%; mso-outline-level: 1;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>Mr. Chair,</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 6pt 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%; mso-outline-level: 1;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>It is of high importance</span><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB; mso-fareast-language: ET;'> that the CCW continues to fulfil its mandate supporting the effective implementation of IHL and thereby preventing and alleviating human suffering. Estonia finds it essential that the CCW remains responsive and flexible as the main forum for tackling the new challenges and developments in weapons technologies in coming years.</span><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'> </span><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB; mso-fareast-language: EN-GB;'>W</span><span lang="EN-GB" style='color: black; line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>e </span><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB; mso-fareast-language: EN-GB;'>welcome the first meeting of the Group of Governmental Experts on Lethal Autonomous Weapons Systems (LAWS) and thank Ambassador Amandeep Singh Gill from India for his skilful leadership in conducting the deliberations. </span><span><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>Estonia firmly believes that any weapons system, irrespective of its level of autonomy, must only be used in strict compliance with international law. In terms of the way forward, Estonia supports a further elaboration on characteristics of autonomous weapons systems and on what is required in order for a weapon system to be considered as being under meaningful human control. Estonia also supports a further discussion on best practices of weapons reviews.</span></span><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'> <span>Estonia firmly believes that CCW is the best framework for continuing these discussions.</span></span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 6pt 0cm 0pt; line-height: 150%; mso-outline-level: 1;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>Mr. Chair,</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 6pt 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB; mso-fareast-language: ET;'>Like many in this room, Estonia is concerned about the continued fragile financial situation, </span><span lang="EN-GB" style='color: black; line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>which is putting in danger the effective operation of the CCW and its. We urge all States to comply with their financial obligations on time</span><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'> and </span><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB; mso-fareast-language: ET;'>pay all outstanding arrears</span><span lang="EN-GB" style='color: black; line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>. </span><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB; mso-fareast-language: ET;'>Estonia welcomes efforts to increase clarity on financial matters. Therefore, we support your proposal, Mr. Chair, </span><span lang="EN-GB" style='color: black; line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>to make the financial situation of CCW more sustainable.</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 6pt 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='color: black; line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>In this context, it is however regrettable that the cash flow problems will lead to the termination of staff contracts of both members of the ISU, as we have been informed by the UNODA over the weekend. </span><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>We find the ISU-s work relevant in guaranteeing sustainability of the work under the CCW and its Protocols, promoting universalization, overseeing the sponsorship programme, retaining organisational knowledge, including assistance to office holders and supporting the High Contracting Parties in the implementation of the CCW and its Protocols. We would therefore appreciate more information on how the sustainability of our work can be maintained and what are the financial implications of terminating the ISU staff contracts.</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 6pt 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>Mr. Chair,<b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;"> </b>we look forward to a productive Meeting of the High Contracting Parties.</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 6pt 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>Thank you!</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font> Wed, 22 Nov 2017 15:17:02 GMT http://genf.vm.ee/est/esileht/koned_ja_artiklid/aid-1794 Eesti sõnavõtt neljandal lapstööjõu lõpliku likvideerimise ülemaailmsel konverentsil Buenos Aireses Argentiinas http://genf.vm.ee/est/esileht/koned_ja_artiklid/aid-1792 <font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%; mso-margin-top-alt: auto;"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>IV Global Conference on the Sustained Eradication of Child Labour </span></b></p><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%; mso-margin-top-alt: auto;"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'><br></span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p align="center" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: center; line-height: 150%; mso-margin-top-alt: auto;"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>Intervention by ESTONIA</span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p align="center" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: center; line-height: 150%; mso-margin-top-alt: auto;"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>&nbsp;</span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>Buenos Aires, Argentiina</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>14 -16 november 2017</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>&nbsp;</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%; mso-margin-top-alt: auto;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>Thank you, Chairperson</span></p><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%; mso-margin-top-alt: auto;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'><br></span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%; mso-margin-top-alt: auto;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>On the occasion of the IV Global Conference on the Sustained Eradication of Child Labour, Estonia would like to reiterate its commitment to the fight against forced labour and child labour. It is important to strengthen the actions and take the next steps in order to eradicate child labour and provide proper education and decent work for young people all over the world. </span></p><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%; mso-margin-top-alt: auto;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'><br></span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%; mso-margin-top-alt: auto;"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>With that, Estonia fully aligns itself with the pledges made by the European Union, and commits itself further to the following national pledges: </span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><ul style="list-style-type: disc; direction: ltr;"><li style="color: rgb(0, 0, 0); font-style: normal; font-weight: normal;"><p style="text-align: justify; color: rgb(0, 0, 0); line-height: 150%; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin-top: 0cm; margin-bottom: 0pt; mso-margin-top-alt: auto; mso-margin-bottom-alt: auto; mso-list: l0 level1 lfo1;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>The Protocol of 2014 to the ILO Forced Labour Convention enters into force for Estonia on November 24, this year. With this, Estonia expresses its full support to the fight against forced labour and child labour and commits to effective implementation of the Protocol. </span></p></li><li style='color: rgb(0, 0, 0); font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal;'><p style='text-align: justify; color: rgb(0, 0, 0); line-height: 150%; font-family: "Calibri",sans-serif; font-size: 11pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin-top: 0cm; margin-bottom: 0pt; mso-margin-top-alt: auto; mso-margin-bottom-alt: auto; mso-list: l0 level1 lfo1;'><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>Estonia reaffirms its commitment to the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development's target to end child labour in all its forms by 2025. For this purpose, Estonia ensures that its humanitarian programming takes into account those vulnerable to forced labour, especially children, and takes necessary steps to enhance cooperation with partner countries.</span></p></li><li style='color: rgb(0, 0, 0); font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal;'><p style='text-align: justify; color: rgb(0, 0, 0); line-height: 150%; font-family: "Calibri",sans-serif; font-size: 11pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin-top: 0cm; margin-bottom: 0pt; mso-margin-top-alt: auto; mso-margin-bottom-alt: auto; mso-list: l0 level1 lfo1;'><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>As education is essential in tackling child labour, Estonia reiterates its commitment to engage in development cooperation programmes, in order to enable implementing the rights of the child, to have access to quality and inclusive education.</span></p></li></ul><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%; mso-margin-top-alt: auto; mso-margin-bottom-alt: auto;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>Thank you. </span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font> Tue, 14 Nov 2017 14:14:40 GMT http://genf.vm.ee/est/esileht/koned_ja_artiklid/aid-1792 Eesti sõnavõtt 2017.a. autonoomsete surmavate relvasüsteemide valitsusekspertide plenaariumil riikidevahelise arvamuste vahetusel tuleviku teemal http://genf.vm.ee/est/esileht/koned_ja_artiklid/aid-1790 <font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><b><span style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman";'>2017 Group of Governmental Experts on Lethal Autonomous Weapons Systems (LAWS)</span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p align="center" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; text-align: center; line-height: 150%;"><b><span style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman";'>Intervention by ESTONIA</span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p align="center" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; text-align: center; line-height: 150%;"><b><span style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman";'>&nbsp;</span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><b><span style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman";'>Item 5: General exchange of views : The way ahead</span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-bidi-font-weight: bold;'>Genf, 16 november 2017</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span><span style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman";'>&nbsp;</span></span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span><span style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman";'>Thank you, Mr Chairman!</span></span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span><span style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman";'>Estonia has carefully considered the views expressed during this meeting by the distinguished representative of states and civil society organisations. We thank all of the participants for their thoughtful interventions. We extend our special thanks to the states that prepared working papers and to the chair for his leadership and guidance.</span></span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span><span style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman";'>Estonia firmly believes that any weapon system, irrespective of its level of autonomy, must only be used in strict compliance with international law, in particular international humanitarian law. States must ensure that the weapon systems that they develop or acquire are capable of being used consistently with their obligations under international law, and are indeed so used in practice.</span></span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman";'>&nbsp;</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span><span style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman";'>In terms of the way forward, Estonia makes the following observations:</span></span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span><span style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman";'>A number of states have indicated the significance of maintaining meaningful human control over weapon systems or exercising appropriate levels of human judgment. It is not entirely clear, however, what these phrases means to individual states. Thus, Estonia would support a further discussion where states and civil society organisations would more fully express their views as to what is required in order for a weapon system to be considered as being under meaningful human control.</span></span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span><span style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman";'>A number of states have highlighted the importance of conducting legal reviews of new weapons as an implementation mechanism of IHL. Estonia would support a further discussion on best practices of weapon reviews, especially as concerns technologically complex weapon systems.</span></span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span><span style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman";'>&nbsp;</span></span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span><span style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman";'>Estonia believes that a GGE of the CCW is the best forum for conducting these discussions.</span></span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman";'>&nbsp;</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span><span style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman";'>Thank you, Mr Chairman!</span></span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt;'>&nbsp;</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font> Thu, 16 Nov 2017 14:47:36 GMT http://genf.vm.ee/est/esileht/koned_ja_artiklid/aid-1790 Eesti soovitused Sri Lankale kolmandas UPR tsüklis http://genf.vm.ee/est/esileht/koned_ja_artiklid/aid-1788 <p align="center" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: center;"><b><span lang="EN-GB" style='font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>&nbsp;</span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"></font><p align="center" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: center;"><b><span lang="EN-GB" style='font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>Universal Periodic Review of Sri Lanka</span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"></font><p align="center" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: center;"><b><span lang="EN-GB" style='font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>&nbsp;</span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"></font><p align="center" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: center;"><b><span lang="EN-GB" style='font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>15 November 2017<br style="mso-special-character: line-break;"><br style="mso-special-character: line-break;"></span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"></font><p align="center" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: center;"><b><span lang="EN-GB" style='font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>Intervention by the delegation of Estonia</span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"></font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>&nbsp;</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"></font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>&nbsp;</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"></font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>&nbsp;</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"></font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>Estonia welcomes the delegation of Sri Lanka to its 3<sup>rd</sup> UPR cycle and we thank them for the presentation of the national report.</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"></font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>&nbsp;</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"></font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>We take note of the efforts by the government of Sri Lanka in the promotion and protection of human rights in collaboration with the relevant UN human rights bodies, and the standing invitation issued to all special procedures. We welcome the recently finalised National Human Rights Action Plan 2017-2021, which was reviewed in light of the UPR voluntary pledges and previously received recommendations. We commend Sri Lanka for the efforts to ensure that the commitments under the UN HRC Resolution 30/1 and 34/1 are met and encourage further steps in this regard. </span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"></font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>&nbsp;</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"></font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>Estonia would like to make the following <b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;">recommendations</b>:</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"></font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>&nbsp;</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"></font><ul style="list-style-type: disc; direction: ltr;"><li style="color: windowtext; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='color: windowtext; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'><span style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt;'>Take comprehensive measures to ensure that the alleged war crimes and other human rights violations committed during the internal conflict are investigated and prosecuted with the aim to end impunity;</span><p style="color: black; line-height: 150%; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin-top: 0cm; margin-bottom: 0pt; mso-list: l0 level1 lfo1;"><font size="3"> </font></p></span><p style="color: black; line-height: 150%; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin-top: 0cm; margin-bottom: 0pt; mso-list: l0 level1 lfo1;"></p></li><li style='color: windowtext; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal;'><p style='color: black; line-height: 150%; font-family: "Aller",sans-serif; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin-top: 0cm; margin-bottom: 0pt; mso-list: l0 level1 lfo1;'><span lang="EN-GB" style='color: windowtext; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>Review the anti-terrorist legislation in order to bring it in line with international standards;</span></p></li><li style='color: windowtext; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal;'><p style='color: black; line-height: 150%; font-family: "Aller",sans-serif; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin-top: 0cm; margin-bottom: 0pt; mso-list: l0 level1 lfo1;'><span lang="EN-GB" style='color: windowtext; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>Ratify the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court.</span></p></li></ul><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"></font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>&nbsp;</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"></font><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>Estonia wishes Sri Lanka success in implementing these measures.</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"></font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>&nbsp;</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"></font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>Thank you. </span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"></font> Wed, 15 Nov 2017 14:45:28 GMT http://genf.vm.ee/est/esileht/koned_ja_artiklid/aid-1788 Eesti sõnavõtt Rohingyade kriisi panustamiskonverentsil http://genf.vm.ee/est/esileht/koned_ja_artiklid/aid-1786 <font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p align="center" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: center; line-height: 150%;"><b><span style='color: black; mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-ansi-language: EN-US;'><font face="Times New Roman" size="3">Pledging Conference in response to the Rohingya Refugee Crisis</font></span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p align="center" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: center; line-height: 150%;"><b><span style='color: black; mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-ansi-language: EN-US;'><font face="Times New Roman" size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><b><span style='color: black; mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-ansi-language: EN-US;'><font face="Times New Roman" size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></b><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p align="center" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: center; line-height: 150%;"><b><span style='color: black; mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-ansi-language: EN-US;'><font face="Times New Roman" size="3">Statement by </font></span></b></p><p align="center" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: center; line-height: 150%;"><b><span style='color: black; mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-ansi-language: EN-US;'><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"><br></font></span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p align="center" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: center; line-height: 150%;"><b><span style='color: black; mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-ansi-language: EN-US;'><font face="Times New Roman" size="3">H.E. Mr. Andre PUNG </font></span></b></p><p align="center" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: center; line-height: 150%;"><b><span style='color: black; mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-ansi-language: EN-US;'><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"><br></font></span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p align="center" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: center; line-height: 150%;"><b><span style='color: black; mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-ansi-language: EN-US;'><font face="Times New Roman" size="3">Ambassador, Permanent Representative </font></span></b></p><p align="center" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: center; line-height: 150%;"><b><span style='color: black; mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-ansi-language: EN-US;'><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"><br></font></span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p align="center" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: center; line-height: 150%;"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;"><span style='mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-ansi-language: EN-US;'><font size="3"><font face="Times New Roman">of the Republic of Estonia<span style="color: black; mso-bidi-font-weight: bold;"> </span></font></font></span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p align="center" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: center; line-height: 150%;"><b><span style='color: black; mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-ansi-language: EN-US;'><font face="Times New Roman" size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; line-height: 150%;"><b><span style='color: black; mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-ansi-language: EN-US;'><font face="Times New Roman" size="3">Genf</font></span></b><b><span style='color: black; mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-ansi-language: EN-US;'><font face="Times New Roman" size="3">, 23 oktoober 2017</font></span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p align="center" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: center; line-height: 150%;"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB"><font face="Times New Roman" size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB"><font face="Times New Roman" size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 10pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB"><font face="Times New Roman" size="3">Thank you, Chair.</font></span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 10pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><font size="3"><font face="Times New Roman"><span lang="EN-GB">Please allow me to start by thanking co-hosts the European Union and the Government of Kuwait and the organisers - OCHA, IOM and UNHCR - for this very timely Pledging Conference. Estonia would also like to extend its gratitude to the speakers this morning for sharing their insights on the worrying situation of the Rohingya Refugee Crisis. The violence in Rakhine state has </span><span style="mso-ansi-language: EN-US;">triggered the largest and swiftest refugee exodus witnessed in the region in recent decades.</span> <span lang="EN-GB">In this context, we commend the hospitality and generosity of the people and the government of Bangladesh in welcoming and assisting the Rohingya refugees. </span></font></font></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 10pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><font size="3"><font face="Times New Roman"><span lang="EN-GB">The humanitarian situation </span><span style="mso-ansi-language: EN-US;">at Cox’s Bazar, Bangladesh</span><span style="color: red;"> </span><span lang="EN-GB">is deeply worrying. <span style="color: black;">The speed and scale of the influx has caused a critical humanitarian emergency and urgent needs: without a rapid, comprehensive response, we risk significant harm and loss of life. The Rohingya face </span>serious health risks, including disease outbreaks like cholera and acute diarrhoea. Yet, it is also to be kept in mind that </span><span style="mso-ansi-language: EN-US;">hundreds of thousands of people still remain in Rakhine state in very worrying circumstances. Estonia emphasizes the need to grant unhampered access to humanitarian actors in order to address the humanitarian needs in Rakhine state. </span><span lang="EN-GB">The human suffering of the Rohingya must <i style="mso-bidi-font-style: normal;"><u>not</u></i> be ignored and it is crucial that the obligations under international humanitarian and human rights law are upheld and respected. </span><span style="mso-ansi-language: EN-US;">Addressing the root causes must be a priority</span><span lang="EN-GB"> and the violence needs to stop immediately. We also </span><span style="mso-ansi-language: EN-US;">encourage all sides to implement the recommendations made by the </span><span lang="EN-GB">Advisory Commission on Rakhine State, chaired by Kofi Annan.</span></font></font><span lang="EN-GB" style='color: rgb(62, 62, 62); line-height: 150%; font-family: "Praxis LT Regular"; font-size: 10.5pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US;'> </span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 10pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB"><font face="Times New Roman" size="3">Mister Chairperson, allow me to address in particular our deep concern about the most vulnerable groups – women and children, including unaccompanied minors, who have been particularly affected by the violence. Atrocities such as sexual exploitation and abuse, and gender-based violence must halt immediately. Women and children constitute around 80% of the Rohingya refugee population in Bangladesh. In this context and considering the acute protection needs, protection of people must be put at the very centre of the response to the crisis. We also note with concern that the Rohingya refugees are particularly vulnerable as most of them are stateless refugees. </font></span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 10pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB"><font face="Times New Roman" size="3">We commend the swift actions so far of the first hand responders, under the leadership of the Government of Bangladesh. Providing aid and assistance in particular in the areas of shelter, infrastructure, WASH and enabling access to basic services is an important lifeline for the Rohingya. However, allow me to emphasise that effective coordination of aid efforts is paramount in such fast-growing and large-scale crises. The coordination efforts must be stepped up and the roles and responsibilities of responders must be clarified in order to respond most efficiently.</font></span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 10pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB"><font face="Times New Roman" size="3">Although there are <i style="mso-bidi-font-style: normal;"><u>no</u></i> humanitarian solutions to humanitarian crises, the worsening of the situation and a further humanitarian catastrophe unfolding in Bangladesh can be averted through humanitarian assistance. The international community <i style="mso-bidi-font-style: normal;"><u>can</u></i> do more by stepping up their efforts in support of the Rohingya refugees. Estonia is committed to contributing to improving the humanitarian situation of the Rohingya in Bangladesh and has dispersed <i style="mso-bidi-font-style: normal;"><u>50’000 EUR through UNHCR</u></i> in order to alleviate the alarming needs.</font></span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 10pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB"><font face="Times New Roman" size="3">Thank you.</font></span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font> Mon, 23 Oct 2017 13:20:44 GMT http://genf.vm.ee/est/esileht/koned_ja_artiklid/aid-1786 Eesti soovitused Argentiinale kolmandas UPR tsüklis http://genf.vm.ee/est/esileht/koned_ja_artiklid/aid-1784 <font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p align="center" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: center;"><b><span lang="EN-GB" style='font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>Universal Periodic Review of the </span></b><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>Argentine Republic</span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p align="center" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: center;"><b><span lang="EN-GB" style='font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>&nbsp;</span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p align="center" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: center;"><b><span lang="EN-GB" style='font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>6 november 2017<br> Intervention by the delegation of Estonia</span></b></p><p align="center" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: center;"><b><span lang="EN-GB" style='font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'><br></span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p align="right" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: right;"><i style="mso-bidi-font-style: normal;"><span lang="ET"><font face="Calibri" size="3">Check against delivery!</font></span></i></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p align="center" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: center;"><b><span lang="EN-GB" style='font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>&nbsp;</span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p align="center" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: center; line-height: 150%;"><b><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>&nbsp;</span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>Estonia warmly welcomes the delegation of Argentina to its third UPR. </span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>&nbsp;</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>We welcome efforts by the Government for the prevention and eradication of gender based and domestic violence, especially the adoption of the first National Action Plan for Prevention, Protection, Assistance and Eradication of Violence against Women <span style="background: lightgrey; mso-highlight: lightgrey;">2017-2019</span>. <span style="background: lightgrey; mso-highlight: lightgrey;">Furthermore, we note the efforts of Argentina to reduce maternal mortality and to improve the accessibility of services related to sexual and reproductive rights, and encourage the Government to continue this progress.</span> </span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>&nbsp;</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>We further welcome the setting up of the Indigenous Peoples’ Advisory and Participatory Council, and the establishment of the National Health Programme for Indigenous Peoples <span style="background: lightgrey; mso-highlight: lightgrey;">with the aim of reducing inequalities in the health status of indigenous peoples and reducing morbidity and mortality among the indigenous population</span>. <span style="background: lightgrey; mso-highlight: lightgrey;">We remain concerned about the acts of retaliation, intimidation and threats against human rights defenders and members of indigenous peoples, and we urge Argentina to take all necessary means to protect them.</span> </span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>&nbsp;</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>The poor conditions of the detention centres in Argentina remains a concern and in this context, we urge the Government to take steps to reduce the overcrowding and guarantee fundamental needs of persons detained. </span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>&nbsp;</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>Finally, we would like to recommend to the Government of Argentina to:</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><ol style="list-style-type: decimal; direction: ltr;"><li style="color: rgb(0, 0, 0); font-style: normal; font-weight: normal;"><p style="text-align: justify; color: rgb(0, 0, 0); line-height: 150%; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin-top: 0cm; margin-bottom: 0pt; mso-list: l0 level1 lfo1;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>allocate adequate budgetary resources for the effective implementation of National Action Plan <span style="background: lightgrey; mso-highlight: lightgrey;">for Prevention, Protection, Assistance and Eradication</span> of Violence against Women and to ensure that sufficient safe shelters for women are available;</span></p></li><li style='color: rgb(0, 0, 0); font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal;'><p style='text-align: justify; color: rgb(0, 0, 0); line-height: 150%; font-family: "Calibri",sans-serif; font-size: 11pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin-top: 0cm; margin-bottom: 0pt; mso-list: l0 level1 lfo1;'><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>ensure that indigenous peoples are fully involved in the process of legislative or administrative measures that could affect indigenous peoples, and that projects affecting them would be subjected to <span style="background: lightgrey; mso-highlight: lightgrey;">a process of</span> prior consultation;</span></p></li><li style='color: rgb(0, 0, 0); font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal;'><p style='text-align: justify; color: rgb(0, 0, 0); line-height: 150%; font-family: "Calibri",sans-serif; font-size: 11pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin-top: 0cm; margin-bottom: 0pt; mso-list: l0 level1 lfo1;'><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>establish a national mechanism for the prevention of torture as set out in the OP-CAT.</span></p></li></ol><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>&nbsp;</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>Estonia wishes the delegation a successful review meeting.</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>Thank you!</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font> Mon, 06 Nov 2017 14:09:14 GMT http://genf.vm.ee/est/esileht/koned_ja_artiklid/aid-1784 Eesti soovitused Ukrainale kolmandas UPR tsüklis http://genf.vm.ee/est/esileht/koned_ja_artiklid/aid-1783 <font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p align="center" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: center;"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;"><span style='font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt;'>Universal Periodic Review of Ukraine</span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p align="center" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: center;"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;"><span style='font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt;'>&nbsp;</span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p align="center" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: center;"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;"><span style='font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt;'>15 november 2017</span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p align="center" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: center;"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;"><span style='font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt;'>Intervention by the delegation of Estonia</span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt;'>&nbsp;</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt;'>Estonia warmly welcomes the delegation of Ukraine to its third UPR. </span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt;'>Since the last UPR session in 2012, we have witnessed the Maidan Revolution of Dignity in 2014, Russian military aggression that is still ongoing in Donbass and Crimea that are illegally annexed by the Russian Federation. The conflict has brought about 1,6 mln of internally displaced persons (IDPs), directly affected more than 4,4 mln people and killed over 2000 civilians. We note with appreciation Ukraine’s efforts in tackling the very difficult problems caused by this ongoing aggression.</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt;'>We welcome the Law on the Rights and Freedoms of Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs) and encourage the Government to continue to alleviate the situation of the IDPs especially in terms of social protection. We urge the Government to continue with the investigations into the serious violations and abuses during the 2014 Maidan protests and the violence in Odessa in May 2014, where some progress has been made. Estonia further acknowledges the Government’s efforts in addressing gender-based and domestic violence. While we welcome the steps taken to improve the judiciary, we encourage Ukraine to take all necessary means to tackle corruption and to continuously engage with the civil society organisations in the reform processes. </span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt;'>Estonia would like to make the following <b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;">recommendations</b> to the government of Ukraine:</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><ul style="list-style-type: disc; direction: ltr;"><li style="color: rgb(0, 0, 0); font-style: normal; font-weight: normal;"><p style="text-align: justify; color: rgb(0, 0, 0); line-height: 150%; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin-top: 0cm; margin-bottom: 0pt; mso-list: l0 level1 lfo1;"><span style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt;'>Ratify the Council of Europe Convention on preventing and combating violence against women and domestic violence (Istanbul Convention);</span></p></li><li style='color: rgb(0, 0, 0); font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal;'><p style='text-align: justify; color: rgb(0, 0, 0); line-height: 150%; font-family: "Calibri",sans-serif; font-size: 11pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin-top: 0cm; margin-bottom: 0pt; mso-list: l0 level1 lfo1;'><span style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt;'>Ratify the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court (ICC);</span></p></li><li style='color: rgb(0, 0, 0); font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal;'><p style='text-align: justify; color: rgb(0, 0, 0); line-height: 150%; font-family: "Calibri",sans-serif; font-size: 11pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; margin-top: 0cm; margin-bottom: 8pt; mso-list: l0 level1 lfo1;'><span style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt;'>Create a special anticorruption court and ensure its proper functioning.</span></p></li></ul><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt;'>We wish the Ukraine every success in the implementation of accepted recommendations. </span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt;'>Thank you.</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font> Wed, 15 Nov 2017 14:01:25 GMT http://genf.vm.ee/est/esileht/koned_ja_artiklid/aid-1783 Eesti soovitused Tšehhile kolmandas UPR tsüklis http://genf.vm.ee/est/esileht/koned_ja_artiklid/aid-1782 <font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p align="center" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: center;"><b><span lang="EN-GB" style='font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>Universal Periodic Review of the Czech Republic </span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p align="center" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: center;"><b><span lang="EN-GB" style='font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>&nbsp;</span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p align="center" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: center;"><b><span lang="EN-GB" style='font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>6 november 2017<br> Intervention by the delegation of Estonia</span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p align="center" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: center;"><b><span lang="EN-GB" style='font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>&nbsp;</span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>&nbsp;</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>Estonia warmly welcomes the delegation of the Czech Republic to its third UPR.</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>&nbsp;</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>We note with appreciation that the Government of the Czech Republic has submitted to its Parliament a proposal for the ratification of the Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities, also in line with our recommendation in the previous UPR cycle. </span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>&nbsp;</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>We further welcome the efforts of the Czech Republic to achieve gender equality, especially the implementation of the Government’s Strategy for Equality Between Women and Men for 2014 – 2020 and the Action Plan for Balanced Representation of Women and Men in Decision-making Positions for 2016 – 2018. We encourage the Government to continue this important work to achieve a balanced representation of women and men in Government and decision-making positions, equality between women and men in the labour market and in business, and promote better work-life balance.</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>&nbsp;</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>Furthermore, we encourage the Czech Republic to continue its efforts to fight violence against women and domestic violence, especially against women and children, in line with the Action Plan for the Prevention of Domestic and Gender-motivated Violence (2015-2018)<i style="mso-bidi-font-style: normal;">. </i></span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><i style="mso-bidi-font-style: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>&nbsp;</span></i></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>Finally, we would like to recommend to the Government of the Czech Republic to:</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>1) swiftly ratify the Optional Protocol to the United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (OP-CRPD) in line with the National Action Plan to Promote Equal Opportunities for the Persons with Disabilities (2015 – 2020);</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>2) accelerate the process of ratification of the Council of Europe Convention on Preventing and Combating Violence Against Women and Domestic Violence (Istanbul Convention).</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>&nbsp;</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>We wish the Czech Republic every success in the implementation of these measures.</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>Thank you.</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt;"><span lang="ET"><font face="Calibri" size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font> Mon, 06 Nov 2017 14:05:44 GMT http://genf.vm.ee/est/esileht/koned_ja_artiklid/aid-1782 Eesti soovitused Pakistanile kolmandas UPR tsüklis http://genf.vm.ee/est/esileht/koned_ja_artiklid/aid-1781 <font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p align="center" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: center;"><b><span lang="EN-GB" style='font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>Universal Periodic Review of the Islamic Republic of&nbsp;</span></b><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>Pakistan</span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p align="center" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: center;"><b><span lang="EN-GB" style='font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>&nbsp;</span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p align="center" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: center;"><b><span lang="EN-GB" style='font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>13 november 2017<br> Intervention by the delegation of Estonia</span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>&nbsp;</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>&nbsp;</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>Estonia welcomes the delegation of Pakistan to the third cycle of the UPR and would like to offer the following recommendations:</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><ul type="disc" style="margin-top: 0cm;"><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><li style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; color: rgb(0, 0, 0); line-height: 150%; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; mso-list: l0 level1 lfo1;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>Issue a standing invitation to all Human Rights Council’s Special Procedures;</span></li><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><li style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; color: rgb(0, 0, 0); line-height: 150%; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; mso-list: l0 level1 lfo1;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>Ratify the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court;</span></li><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><li style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; color: rgb(0, 0, 0); line-height: 150%; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; mso-list: l0 level1 lfo1;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>Reinstate moratorium on death penalty;</span></li><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><li style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; color: rgb(0, 0, 0); line-height: 150%; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; mso-list: l0 level1 lfo1;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>Accede to the 1951 Convention relating to the Status of Refugees and its 1967 Protocol.</span></li><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font></ul><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>&nbsp;</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>Estonia commends Pakistan for the efforts in the promotion and protection of human rights in collaboration with the relevant UN human rights bodies. We welcome the adoption of the National Action Plan on Human Rights (2016). We commend Pakistan for the efforts made to promote and protect the rights of women, especially the adoption of the Anti-Rape Bill and Anti-Honour Killings Bill (2016). However, we are concerned about the increasing trend of forced marriage, thus we urge Pakistan to prevent underage and forced marriage, as well as forced conversion through marriage, especially for minority women. </span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>&nbsp;</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>Estonia wishes Pakistan a successful review cycle.</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>&nbsp;</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>Thank you. </span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>&nbsp;</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font> Mon, 13 Nov 2017 14:05:08 GMT http://genf.vm.ee/est/esileht/koned_ja_artiklid/aid-1781 Eesti soovitused Ghanale kolmandas UPR tsüklis http://genf.vm.ee/est/esileht/koned_ja_artiklid/aid-1780 <font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p align="center" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: center;"><b><span lang="EN-GB" style='font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>Universal Periodic Review of Ghana </span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p align="center" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: center;"><b><span lang="EN-GB" style='font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>&nbsp;</span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p align="center" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: center;"><b><span lang="EN-GB" style='font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>7 november 2017<br> Intervention by the delegation of Estonia</span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p align="center" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: center;"><b><span lang="EN-GB" style='font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>&nbsp;</span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p align="center" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: center; line-height: 150%;"><b><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>&nbsp;</span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>Estonia warmly welcomes the delegation of Ghana to its third UPR.</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>&nbsp;</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>We note with appreciation the ratification of the Optional Protocol to the Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment (OP-CAT) by Ghana. We also welcome the bill drafted for the abolition of death penalty, which requires a referendum to take place in accordance with the 1992 Constitution. </span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>&nbsp;</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>Ghana has shown considerable efforts to achieve universal primary education, and we note with appreciation the continued efforts to extend access to free senior high school for all students starting from September 2017. </span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>&nbsp;</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>We encourage Ghana to continue to eliminate harmful practices that affect children and women, such as child labour, child, early and forced marriage, violence against children, domestic violence and female genital mutilation (FGM). </span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>&nbsp;</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>We would like to recommend to the Government of Ghana to:</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>1) establish a National Preventative Mechanism (NPM) for combating torture in line with the the Optional Protocol to the Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment (OP-CAT);</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>2) continue efforts to abolish the death penalty and ratify the Second Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights aiming at the abolition of the death penalty (OP2-ICCPR);</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>3) enact the Affirmative Action Bill promoting women in governance and decision-making positions;</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>4) intensify efforts to bring the domestic legislation in compliance with the provisions of the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court (ICC).</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>&nbsp;</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>We wish Ghana a successful review and subsequent implementation of the accepted recommendations.</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>Thank you.</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font> Tue, 07 Nov 2017 14:03:19 GMT http://genf.vm.ee/est/esileht/koned_ja_artiklid/aid-1780 Eesti sõnavõtt 2017.a. autonoomsete surmavate relvasüsteemide valitsusekspertide plenaariumil 6. teemapunkti juures http://genf.vm.ee/est/esileht/koned_ja_artiklid/aid-1774 <font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; line-height: 150%;"><b><span style='mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman";'><font face="Times New Roman" size="3">2017 Group of Governmental Experts on Lethal Autonomous Weapons Systems (LAWS)</font></span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p align="center" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: center;"><span style='mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-bidi-font-weight: bold;'><font face="Times New Roman" size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p align="center" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: center;"><b><span style='mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman";'><font face="Times New Roman" size="3">Intervention by ESTONIA</font></span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p align="center" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: center;"><b><span style='mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman";'><font face="Times New Roman" size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt;"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;"><span style='mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman";'><font face="Times New Roman" size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; line-height: 150%;"><b><span style='mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman";'><font face="Times New Roman" size="3">Item 6: Examination of various dimensions of emerging technologies in the area of lethal autonomous weapons systems, in the context of the objectives and purposes of the Convention </font></span></b></p><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; line-height: 150%;"><b><span style='mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman";'><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"><br></font></span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; line-height: 150%;"><b><span style='mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman";'><font face="Times New Roman" size="3">Panel 3: Legal/ethical dimension</font></span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; line-height: 150%;"><b><span style='mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman";'><font face="Times New Roman" size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; line-height: 150%;"><span style='mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-bidi-font-weight: bold;'><font face="Times New Roman"><font size="3">Genf, 14 n</font><font size="3">ovember 2017</font></font></span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; line-height: 150%;"><b><span style='mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman";'><font face="Times New Roman" size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify;"><span style='mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman";'><font face="Times New Roman" size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span style='mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman";'><font face="Times New Roman" size="3">Thank you Mr Chairman,</font></span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span style='mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman";'><font face="Times New Roman" size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span style='mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman";'><font face="Times New Roman" size="3">I should start by thanking all of the panellists for their very informative presentations, which greatly assist our deliberations. &nbsp;</font></span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span style='mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman";'><font face="Times New Roman" size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span style='mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman";'><font face="Times New Roman" size="3">I would like to make one comment and to ask one question.</font></span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span style='mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman";'><font face="Times New Roman" size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span style='mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman";'><font face="Times New Roman" size="3">The comment relates to the observation that Estonia was giving legal personality to robots. Appreciating the need to improve the law applicable to self-driving vehicles, the Estonian Government has commissioned an independent legal study to canvass the various options for regulation. One of the options indentified by the experts in an interim report of that study indeed mentions giving some degree of independent legal capacity to robots. I should emphasise, however, that the study is still in progress, and no decision has been made as to which regulatory model to adopt.&nbsp;</font></span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span style='mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman";'><font face="Times New Roman" size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><font size="3"><font face="Times New Roman"><span style='mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman";'>The question concerns the ICRC's focus on autonomy in relation to the critical functions of weapons systems. This appears to be a sensible approach in that the targeting decision would raise the most serious IHL questions. That said, Article 57(1) of AP provides that "In the conduct of</span><span style='mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman";'> <i>military operations</i>, constant care shall be taken to spare the civilian population, civilians and civilian objects." Would this in the opinion of the panellists have implications for other functions of autonomous platforms? In particular, would it have implications for the capacity of autonomous navigation that might potentially cause harm to civilians or civilian objects?&nbsp;</span></font></font></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span style='mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman";'><font face="Times New Roman" size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span style='mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman";'><font face="Times New Roman" size="3">Thank you, Mr Chairman!</font></span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify;"><font face="Times New Roman" size="3">&nbsp;</font></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font> Tue, 14 Nov 2017 10:39:50 GMT http://genf.vm.ee/est/esileht/koned_ja_artiklid/aid-1774 Eesti sõnavõtt UNHCR Täidesaatva komitee 68. sessiooni üld-debatil http://genf.vm.ee/est/esileht/koned_ja_artiklid/aid-1772 <font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt;"><b><span style='color: black; line-height: 115%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-ansi-language: EN-US;'>UNHCR Täidesaatva komitee 68. sessioon </span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p align="center" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: center;"><b><span style='color: black; line-height: 115%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-ansi-language: EN-US;'>&nbsp;</span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p align="center" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: center; line-height: 150%;"><b><span style='color: black; line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-ansi-language: EN-US;'>ESTONIA</span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p align="center" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: center; line-height: 150%;"><b><span style='color: black; line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-ansi-language: EN-US;'>&nbsp;</span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p align="center" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: center; line-height: 150%;"><b><span style='color: black; line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-ansi-language: EN-US;'>Statement delivered by H.E. Mr. Andre PUNG </span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p align="center" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: center; line-height: 150%;"><b><span style='color: black; line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-ansi-language: EN-US;'>Ambassador, Permanent Representative </span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p align="center" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: center; line-height: 150%;"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;"><span style='line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-ansi-language: EN-US;'>of the Republic of Estonia<span style="color: black; mso-bidi-font-weight: bold;"> </span></span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt;"><b><span style='color: black; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-ansi-language: EN-US;'><font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p align="center" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: center;"><b><span style='color: black; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-ansi-language: EN-US;'><font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt;"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;"><span style='line-height: 115%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-ansi-language: EN-US;'>General Debate – Item 4</span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt;"><span style='line-height: 115%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-ansi-language: EN-US;'>Genf, 3 oktoober 2017</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt;"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;"><span style='line-height: 115%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-ansi-language: EN-US;'>&nbsp;</span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p align="center" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: center;"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;"><span style='line-height: 115%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-ansi-language: EN-US;'>&nbsp;</span></b></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 10pt; text-align: justify;"><span style='line-height: 115%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US;'>Thank you Madam Chair, </span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 10pt; text-align: justify;"><span style='line-height: 115%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US;'>Estonia fully aligns itself with the statement delivered on behalf of the European Union and its Member States and would like to add some additional remarks in its national capacity.</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 10pt; text-align: justify;"><span style='line-height: 115%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US;'>Allow me to thank the High Commissioner for his insightful opening statement made yesterday and for the special segment on the Comprehensive Refugee Response Framework. We fully share the view of the High Commissioner that it is time to sustain and accelerate the shift in how we respond to forced displacement and that the CRRF offers a new and promising model for adequate response. In this regard, I wish to reaffirm Estonia’s commitment to the New York Declaration and to the process leading to the Global Compact on Refugees, including the application of the Comprehensive Refugee Response Framework. We </span><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 115%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>recognise the need for further global responsibility sharing, strengthened solidarity and international cooperation.</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 10pt; text-align: justify;"><span style='line-height: 115%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US;'>I also join the High Commissioner in expressing our concern as the world continues to face the significant challenge of numerous simultaneous large-scale crises, with the unprecedented number of (more than 65 million persons) displaced worldwide. In this context, the pursuit for solutions is a collective responsibility towards refugees and forcibly displaced persons. Political will and leadership are urgently needed to halt and reverse the regrettable trend of increasing numbers of displacement and ever-growing needs. A sustainable solution to forced displacement must build on addressing its root causes. </span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 10pt; text-align: justify;"><span style='line-height: 115%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US;'>Estonia highly appreciates the UNHCR’s work around the globe and we cherish our long-standing cooperation with the UNHCR. In particular, we commend the UNHCR for fulfilling its mandated leading role in providing international protection to refugees and forcibly displaced persons and for UNHCR’s response to acute and protracted situations of forced displacement in many complex humanitarian settings. </span><span lang="EN-GB" style='line-height: 115%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;'>We welcome the UNHCR’s support to States and other relevant actors in building their protection capacity.</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 10pt; text-align: justify;"><span style='line-height: 115%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US;'>Madam Chair,</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 10pt; text-align: justify;"><span style='line-height: 115%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US;'>We remain deeply concerned about the refugee situation in many parts of the world. Most recently, witnessing the flight of half a million refugees from Myanmar in just a month has again underlined the need for protection and unrestricted humanitarian access. On this note, allow me to also point out the humanitarian situation in Ukraine, to which Estonia draws particular attention. The serious situation in Ukraine should be kept in our sight as the number of the displaced persons and their suffering continues to be a cause for great concern. In this context, it is unacceptable that UN agencies have not been granted full access in Eastern Ukraine. Furthermore, we are concerned about the serious funding gap of UN agencies for their operations in Ukraine.</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 10pt; text-align: justify;"><span style='line-height: 115%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US;'>Madam Chair,</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 10pt; text-align: justify;"><span style='line-height: 115%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US;'>Estonia welcomes the UNHCR’s continued focus on building partnerships for a more comprehensive and effective response as highlighted yesterday by the High Commissioner. This includes also working with partners outside the humanitarian sector, while remaining committed to the humanitarian principles. With that reference, we welcome UNHCR’s efforts to reduce costs and measure the efficiency gain with technology and innovation, such as through the use of biometrics for refugee registration, and we are looking forward to further reports in this regard. The advantage of new technologies and innovative solutions should be assessed and put in practice where possible in order to deal with refugee situations more effectively.</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 115%;"><font size="3"><font face="Times New Roman"><span style="mso-ansi-language: EN-US;">In the context of growing needs that result in widening funding gap, we also expect UNHCR to continue prioritizing and </span><span lang="EN-GB" style="mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;">reforming its way of operating, while developing greater transparency and accountability of funding allocations. </span><span style="mso-ansi-language: EN-US;">We commend the UNHCR’s commitment to implement the Grand Bargain and its Results-Based Management framework, which facilitates and strengthens operations management from the planning stage through to monitoring and reporting, and helps to achieve its Global Strategic Objectives.</span></font></font></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 115%;"><span style="color: windowtext; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: EN-US;"><font face="Times New Roman" size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 10pt; text-align: justify;"><span style='line-height: 115%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US;'>Finally, Madam Chair, Estonia values highly the work of UNHCR’s dedicated staff, notably in the field and appreciates UNHCR’s efforts to reform. We are looking forward to receiving regular updates on firstly, UNHCR’s work and strategy on IDPs and secondly, on the progress regarding the ongoing Change Management process.</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font><p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 10pt; text-align: justify;"><span style='line-height: 115%; font-family: "Times New Roman",serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US;'>Thank you!</span></p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font> Tue, 03 Oct 2017 13:44:38 GMT http://genf.vm.ee/est/esileht/koned_ja_artiklid/aid-1772